Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Settler Point and Burnside Loop, Oregon"
Includes ... Settler Point ... "Settlers Point" ... Burnside Loop ... Twilight Eagle Sanctuary ...
Image, 2012, Burnside Loop junction, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Junction sign, Burnside Loop with Highway 30. Image taken March 8, 2012.

Settler Point ...
Settler Point is a small point of land jutting into Cathlamet Bay, upstream of Tongue Point and approximately 3/4 mile downstream of Svensen and Svensen Island, Oregon and just downstream from where Bear Creek and Marys Creek enter the Columbia River.

The "Settler" ...
David Burnside and his wife Mary Ann Burnside were the "settlers" at Settler Point, and appear on the 1856 and 1863 cadastral surveys (tax surveys) for T8N R8W. They had a Donation Land Claim (DLC) on the section of land bordering the Cathlamet Bay.

Burnside Loop ...
The Burnside Loop cuts through the southwestern portion of the David Burnside DLC, looping north of Oregon Highway 30, yet not making it to the actual "point" of Settler Point. The Burnside Loop appears to be a section of the "Old U.S. Highway 30".

Early Settler Point ...

The 1856 cadastral survey (tax survey) for T8N R8W has a settler named "Burnside" located at Settler Point, T8N R8W, parts of Sections 15 and 16.

The 1863 cadastral survey (tax survey) for T8N R8W has David Burnside located at Settler Point, 320 acres, Claim No.37.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database for T8N R8W shows David Burnside and Mary Ann Burnside being granted title to 320 acres in parts of T8N R8W Sections 16, 21, and 22, on July 21, 1873 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act). Just to the east, GLO records show Peter Svenson being granted title to 160 acres of T8N R8W, parts of Sections 15 and 22 (1862 Homestead Entry Original), on March 1, 1872.

The 1875 U.S. Coast Survey's "Columbia River, Sheet No.2" has "Settlers Pt." located around the point, just west of today's "Settler Point".

In 1915 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Settler Point" official, over the often used "Settlers Point".

Early Maps ...

Map detail, 1856, Settler Point, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cadastral map detail, 1856, showing T8N R8w, the location of David Burnside, an area to be known as Settler Point. Also shown are Marys Creek (left) and Bear Creek (right). Original cadastral survey map (tax survey) courtesy U.S. Bureau of Land Managment.

Settler Point, etc.

  • Knappa Fire District ...
  • Twilight Eagle Sanctuary ...

Knappa Fire District ...
"Proudly serving the communities of Knappa, Svensen, Burnside, Brownsmead, and Clifton/Bradwood, Oregon."

The Knappa Fire District was formed February 23, 1955 and initially served 12 square miles, had one station (in Knappa), 11 volunteers, and responded to an average of 12 calls a year. Today, the District covers 80 square miles, has three stations (Knappa, Svensen, and Brownsmead), 28 volunteers, and responds to an average of 400 calls per year.

"Today, the Fire District provides services with an average of 28 Volunteers and a career Fire Chief. We typically respond to about 400 calls for service annually. The District comprises of a geographic area of approximately 80 square miles with a population of roughly 3500. Geographically we are the largest Fire District in Clatsop County." [Knappa Fire District, 2019]

Image, 2012, Knappa Fire District, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Knappa, Svensen, and Burnside Fire Station, Svensen, Oregon. Image taken March 8, 2012.

One of three stations in the district, the Knappa, Svensen, and Burnside station houses "an Engine, a Tender, and a Medium Duty Rescue" (2019).

Twilight Eagle Sanctuary ...
The Burnside Loop cuts through the southwestern portion of the David Burnside DLC, looping north of Oregon Highway 30, yet not making it to the actual "point" of Settler Point. The Twilight Eagle Sanctuary, the location of Lewis and Clark's campsite on of November 26, 1805, is at the western part of the Loop.

Image, 2003, Columbia River Estuary, Cathlamet Bay, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cathlamet Bay from the Twilight Eagle Sanctuary. Looking downstream from the Twilight Eagle Sanctuary viewing platform, across Cathlamet Bay (part of the Columbia River Estuary and the Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge). Approximate site of Lewis and Clark's campsite of November 26, 1805. Image taken August 2, 2003.

From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 26, 1805, first draft ...

Clark, November 26, 1805 ...

Columbia PlateauReturn to

*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2010, 2018;
  • U.S. Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) database, 2006;

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
September 2010