Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
" Battle Ground and Battle Ground Lake, Washington"
Includes ... Battle Ground Lake ... Battle Ground Lake State Park ... Boring Lava Field ... Maar Volcano ...
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.


Battle Ground and Battle Ground Lake, Washington ...
The Washington community of Battle Ground is located eleven miles northeast of Vancouver. Battle Ground Lake, a 28-acre maar lake, is located another two miles to the northeast. Battle Ground is located in T4N R2E, Section 35, and Battle Ground Lake is located in T4N R3E, Section 30. Battle Ground and Battle Ground Lake are often erroneously seen as "Battleground" and "Battleground Lake".

Battle Ground Lake, Washington ...
Battle Ground Lake is a small maar volcano of the Boring Lava Field. A maar volcano is the result of hot lava or magma pushing up near the surface of the earth and then coming into contact with underground water. This results in a large steam explosion, leaving a crater that later forms a lake.

Boring Lava Field ...

"The Portland area has its share of volcanic buttes, including Mount Tabor, Rocky Butte, and Mount Sylvan. These and dozens more local buttes are part of the Boring volcanic field, named for the town of Boring. They first developed about 2 million years ago as faulting pulled the Portland Basin apart, and may have opened the Willamette Valley to the south as well. However, many of these small volcanic vents have proven to be quite young. Rocky Butte, on the east side of Portland, erupted a mere 98,000 years ago. To the north, near Vancouver, Washington, Battle Ground Lake State Park protects a volcanic vent only about 105,000 years old. Some geologists regard the Boring volcanic field as still potentially active."


Source:    Ellen Morris Biship and John E. Allen, 2004, Hiking Oregon's Geology, The Mountaineers Books.


About the Lake ...
"A published study of the lake's sediments showed that the lake has been in existence for at least 20,000 years and has continuously accumulated sediment through most of that time (Barnosky, 1985). Researchers found that in recent history, the last 5,000 years, vegetation was represented by the extensive closed coniferous forests seen today, with hemlock and western red cedar dominating the areas of forest undisturbed by logging.

Battle Ground Lake has a surface area of about 26 acres and a perimeter of about 4,000 feet. Maximum depth is believed to be about 60 feet near the center of the lake, although a few lake users have reported deeper regions believed to be volcanic cracks in the bedrock supporting the lake basin. The lake has a very small watershed, only slightly larger than the surface of the lake itself. ...

With no permanent surface inflow or outflow, precipitation is likely the primary source of water for the lake. The lake's surface elevation is about 500 feet above mean sea level. Given the geologic setting, the topography of the area, and taking into account several surface springs that are reported in the region surrounding the lake, it is likely that Battle Ground Lake is essentially in equilibrium with the regional water table, with the direction of flow varying throughout the season (Rod Swanson, personal communication, January 2004). ...   Average annual percipitation and snow deposition is about 52 inches and 6 inches, respectively."


Source:    Ron Wierenga, 2004 ,Battle Ground Lake Assessment Technical Report, Clark County Public Works


Battle Ground (the City) ...
The first plat of Battle Ground was done in 1903 by Peter Onsdorff, a local merchant, and D.B. Dickey.

The City of Battle Ground became incorporated in 1951. According to the City of Battle Ground website (2017):

"On the 26th of May, 1951, a special election was held to determine whether or not a corporation to be known as the Town of Battle Gound, Washington should be established. Voters approved the incorporation of the new town and at the same time elected its first city council and its first mayor ... Washington State recognized the incorporated Town of Battle Ground, population 742, on June 18, 1951. Eventually, the Town of Battle Ground became the City of Battle Ground and the population has grown to nearly 20,000. ..."

The "Battle" in Battle Ground Lake ...

"This area was named for a battle that settlers at Fort Vancouver expected to happen in 1855 between U.S. Army soldiers and some Klickitat Indians. The battle never occurred. Captain Strong, the post commander, allowed some Indians to leave the fort on the promise that they would return after burying their chief, who had been accidentally killed. Most fort residents believed a battle would ensue to get the Indians to return, and therefore dubbed the spot "Strong's Battle Ground." The Indians, true to their word, returned peacefully, but the name took hold. Later the area was simply referred to as "Battle Ground.""


Source:    Battle Ground Lake State Park website, 2013.


Battle Ground Lake State Park ...
The 280-acre Battle Ground Lake State Park is located 21 miles northeast of Vancouver, Washington. The park offers five miles of horse trails and a primitive equestrian camping area. The spring-fed lake is stocked with trout and is a favorite of anglers

Image, 2017, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken June 30, 2017.
Image, 2017, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken June 30, 2017.
Image, 2017, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken June 30, 2017.


Views ...

Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Dock, Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Battle Ground Lake, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Reflections, Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Miles of Trails, Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.
Image, 2013, Battle Ground Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Miles of Trails, Battle Ground Lake State Park, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2013.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, April 2, 1806 ...




Vancouver PlainsReturn to
Menu
 






*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Allen, 1975, Volcanoes of the Portland Area, Oregon: State of Oregon, Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, The ORE-BIN, v.37, no.9, September 1975
  • Beeson and Tolan, 1987, IN: GSA Centennial Field Guide, vol.1;
  • Biship, E.M., and Allen, J.E., 2004, Hiking Oregon's Geology, The Mountaineers Books.
  • City of Battle Ground website, 2017;
  • Norman, D.K., and Roloff, J.M., 2004, A Self-Guided Tour of the Geology of the Columbia River Gorge -- Portland Airport to Skamania Lodge, Stevenson, Washington: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources, Open-File Report 2004-7, March 2004.
  • Swanson, et.al., 1989, IGC Field Trip T106: Cenozoic Volcanism in the Cascade Range and Columbia Plateau, Southern Washington and Northernmost Oregon: American Geophysical Union Field Trip Guidebook T106;
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information Systems website, 2013;
  • Washington State Parks and Recreation website, 2013;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
/Regions/Places/battle_ground_lake.html
June 2017