Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Vanport Wetlands, Oregon"
Includes ... Vanport Wetlands ... Columbia Slough ...
Image, 2006, Vanport Wetlands, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Looking across part of the Vanport Wetlands. View from West Delta Park. Image taken January 18 2006.


Vanport Wetlands ...
The Vanport Wetlands Wildlife Habitat is a 90.5-acre wildlife habitat site located in the Columbia Slough corridor, between Interstate 5, the Multnomah Expo Center, Portland International Raceway, Heron Lakes Golf Cource and Force Lake. To the west lie Smith and Bybee Lakes. The site was formerly known as the "Radio Tower Site" before being renamed to "Vanport Wetlands" in 2001 as it was developed into a wildlife habitat. The name "Vanport" is reminiscent of the 1948 flood which wiped out the community of Vanport.

Vanport Wetlands Natural Area ...
Site History:
""Vanport Wetlands" was once a part of the much larger Force Lake and the Columbia River floodplain. Force Lake was drained in the 1920s to create farmland used from 1930 through 1965. It is now a much smaller lake, located west of this site. KGW, the historic Pacific Northwest radio station, used Vanport Wetlands as its broadcast location from 1931 until 1992. In 1948, the Vanport flood destroyed many homes in the area called Vanport City, which included World War II-period housing and schools."

Pre-Restoration Site Conditions:
"In 1999, the Port of Portland purchased this 90.5-acre site to restore as compensation or "mitigation" for wetland impacts from development projects on Port-owned property. At that time the historic lakebed had been continuously drained, which created conditions that allowed the invasive reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacaea) to thrive."

Urban Habitat for Wildlife:
"More than 160 species of birds and other wildlife, and over 80 species of native plants, trees and shrubs have been observed at Vanport, which speaks to the success of the Port's restoration efforts."


Source:    Vanport Wetlands Information sign, Vanport Wetlands, visited July 2016.


Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands Information Sign, Portland, Oregon. View from West Delta Park Dog Park. Image taken July 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Detail, Vanport Wetlands Information Sign, Portland, Oregon. View from West Delta Park Dog Park. Image taken July 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands Wildlife Habitat Area Sign, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 6, 2016.


Early Vanport Wetlands ...
In the mid 1800s the area of today's Vanport Wetlands, Force Lake, and Smith and Bybee Lakes was a mixture of lakes, sloughs, and marshes.

Prior to the 1920s the largest lake in the area was called "Force Lake". The lake was named after George W. Force, an early settler.

In the early 1920s the KGW radio tower was built on today's Vanport Wetlands property. After the 1948 flood which destroyed the nearby city of Vanport, the area was refered to as the "radio tower site".

"To protect the site from seasonal flooding, a complex of dikes, drainageways, and mechanical pumping station were installed beginning in 1917 ... In the early 1920s the lake was drained [Force Lake] and the majority of the site converted to agricultural row rops. Agriculture continued at the site when the community of Vanport was developed on the surrounding areas to serve the war effort of the 1940s. Also during this time, the site was used for transmitting radio signals, with transmitter towers installed in the 1930s, and a transmitter building constructed by 1935. The radio station, KGW-AM, was one of the earliest commercial stations in Portland, and the site has long been associated with this use." [Vanport Wetlands Comprehensive Management Plan, Port of Portland, 2004]

On May 30, 1948 the Vanport Flood inundated the community of Vanport and the area of today's Vanport Wetlands.

"The Vanport flood temporarily disrupted both agricultural and radio transmission activities, with numerous residential buildings floating onto the site from nearby housing complexes along with other flood debris." [Vanport Wetlands Comprehensive Management Plan, Port of Portland, 2004]

In the 1999 the Port of Portland purchased the area to create a wetlands as a trade for their filling the wetlands near the Portland International Airport.

"The Port purchased the Vanport Wetlands property in May 1999, effectively ending commercial radio's tenure at the site. In December 2000, the Port removed the underground copper grounding wire network, and on December 26, 2000, the two 625-foot high transmission towers were removed. The radio transmitter building and access roads are all that remain on the site today from its use as a transmission facility." [Vanport Wetlands Comprehensive Management Plan, Port of Portland, 2004]

Views ...

Image, 2006, Vanport Wetlands, looking towards Expo Center, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands, looking towards the "Expo Center", Portland, Oregon. View from West Delta Park. Image taken January 18 2006.
Image, 2006, Multnomah Expo Center, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands and the Portland Expo Center, Portland, Oregon. View from West Delta Park. Image taken January 18 2006.
Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands as seen from N. Expo Road, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 6, 2016.
Image, 2013, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mallard family, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon. Image taken May 17, 2013.
Image, 2011, Vanport Wetlands, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Great Blue Heron, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon. Image taken June 11, 2011.
Image, 2011, Vanport Wetlands, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Ruddy Duck, male, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon. Image taken June 11, 2011.
Image, 2013, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Virginia Rail, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon. Image taken May 17, 2013.
Image, 2011, Vanport Wetlands, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Yellow-headed Blackbird, male, Vanport Wetlands, Portland, Oregon. Image taken April 27, 2011.


Vanport Wetlands, etc.

  • Radio Tower Site ...
  • West Delta Park ...


Radio Tower Site ...
(to come)

Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Radio Tower Site, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands Radio Tower Site, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Vanport Wetlands, Radio Tower Site, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vanport Wetlands Radio Tower Site, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 6, 2016.


West Delta Park ...
(to come)


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, April 2, 1806 ...
This morning we came to a resolution to remain at our present encampment [Cottonwood Beach, Washougal, Washington] or Some where in this neighbourhood untill we had obtained as much dried meat as would be necessary for our voyage as far as the Chopunnish. ...     about this time Several Canoes of the nativs arived at our Camp [Cottonwood Beach] among others two from below with Eight men of the Shah-ha-la Nation those men informed us that they reside on the opposit Side of the Columbia near Some pine trees which they pointed to in the bottom South of the Dimond Island [Government Island], they Singled out two young men whome they informed us lited at the Falls of a large river [Willamette Falls] which discharges itself into the Columbia on it's South Side Some Miles below us. we readily provailed on them to give us a Sketch of this river [Willamette River] which they drew on a Mat with a coal, it appeared that this river which they Call Mult-no'-mah discharged itself behind the Island we call the image Canoe island [Hayden Island], and as we had left this Island to the South both in decending & assending the river we had never Seen it. they informed us that it was a large river and runs a Considerable distance to the South between the Mountains. I deturmined to take a Small party and return to this river and examine its Size and Collect as much information of the nativs on it or near its enterance into the Columbia of its extent, the Country which it waters and the nativs who inhabit its banks &c. I took with me Six Men. Thompson J. Potts, Peter Crusat, P. Wiser, T. P. Howard, Jos. Whitehouse & my man York in a large Canoe, with an Indian whome I hired for a Sun glass to accompany me as a pilot. at half past 11 A. M. I Set out ...     at 8 miles passed a village on the South side [Chinook Landing and Blue Lake area] at this place my Pilot informed me he resided and that the name of his tribe is Ne-cha-co-lee, this village is back or to the South of Dimond island [Government Island], and as we passed on the North Side of the island both decending & assending did not See or know of this Village. I proceeded on without landing at this village. at 3 P. M. I landed at a large double house of the Ne-er-cho-ki-oo tribe of the Shah-ha-la Nation. at this place we had Seen 24 aditional Straw Huts as we passed down last fall [November 4, 1805, in the vicinity of the Portland International Airport] and whome as I have before mentioned reside at the Great rapids of the Columbia [Celilo Falls].     on the bank at different places I observed Small Canoes which the women make use of to gather Wappato & roots in the Slashes. those Canoes are from 10 to 14 feet long and from 18 to 23 inches wide in the widest part tapering from the center to both ends in this form and about 9 inches deep and So light that a woman may with one hand haul them with ease, and they are Sufficient to Carry a woman on Some loading. I think 100 of those canoes were piled up and Scattered in different directions about in the Woods in the vecinity of this house, the pilot informed me that those Canoes were the property of the inhabitents of the Grand rapids who used them ocasionally to gather roots. ...

I left them [village near today's Portland International Airport] and proceeded on on the South Side [North Portland Harbor] of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] which I found to be two Islands hid from the opposit Side by one near the Center of the river. the lower point of the upper and the upper point of the lower cannot be Seen from the North Side of the Columbia on which we had passed both decending and ascending and had not observed the apperture between those islands. at the distance of 13 Miles below the last village [location of Portland International Airport] and at the place I had Supposed was the lower point of the image Canoe island [Hayden Island], I entered this river which the nativs had informed us of, Called Mult no mah River [Willamette River] so called by the nativs from a Nation who reside on Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] a little below the enterance of this river. Multnomah [Willamette River] discharges itself in the Columbia on the S. E. and may be justly Said to be the Size of that noble river. Multnomah had fallen 18 inches from it's greatest annual height. three Small Islands are situated in it's mouth [Belle Vue Point and Kelley Point, on opposite sides of the mouth of the Willamette, use to be islands] which hides the river from view from the Columbia.     from the enterance of this river [Willamette River] , I can plainly See Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon] which is high and Covered with snow S. E. Mt. Hood East [Mount Hood, Oregon], Mt St. Helians [Mount St. Helens, Washington] a high humped Mountain to the East of Mt St. Helians [Mount Adams, Washington, is east of Mount St. Helens]. I also Saw the Mt. Raneer [Mount Rainier, Washington] Nearly North. Soon after I arived at this river an old man passed down of the Clark a'mos Nation who are noumerous and reside on a branch of this river which receives it's waters from Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon] which is emensely high and discharges itself into this river one day and a half up, this distance I State at 40 Miles. This nation inhabits 11 Villages their Dress and language is very Similar to the Quath-lah-poh-tle and other tribes on Wappato Island [Sauvie Island].



The Current of the Multnomar [Willamette River] is as jentle as that of the Columbia glides Smoothly with an eavin surface, and appears to be Sufficiently deep for the largest Ship. I attempted fathom it with a Cord of 5 fathom which was the only Cord I had, could not find bottom ? of the distance across. I proceeded up this river 10 miles from it's enterance into the Columbia to a large house on the N E. Side and Encamped near the house [downstream of Cathedral Park and the St. Johns Bridge, Portland, Oregon, near Portland's Terminal 4.], the flees being So noumerous in the house that we could not Sleep in it.



this is the house of the Cush-hooks Nation who reside at the falls of this river which the pilot informs me they make use of when they Come down to the Vally to gather Wappato. he also informs me that a number of other Smaller houses are Situated on two Bayous which make out on the S. E. Side a little below the house. this house appears to have been laterly abandoned by its inhabitants ...     The course and distance assending the Molt no mar R [Willamette River] from it's enterance into the Columbia at the lower point of the 3rd Image Canoe island.

[This area has changed during the past 200 years. Lewis and Clark called today's Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island". Their "3rd Image Canoe Island" however maybe in reference to the "three Small Islands are situated in it's mouth" (see journal entry above), two of the islands possibly were islands which are today's Belle Vue Point on Sauvie Island, and Pearcy Island which eventually became Kelley Point. Lewis and Clark's route map (Map#79 and Map#80, Moulton, Vol.1) shows a long "Image Canoe Island" with two small islands on the north side of "Image Canoe Island", and three small islands at the mouth of the "Multnomah R.". ]

S. 30 W. 2 Miles to the upper point of a Small Island [???] in the Middle of Moltnomar river [Willamette River]. thence

S. 10 W. 3 miles to a Sluce 80 yards wide [Multnomah Channel] which devides Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] from the Main Stard. Side Shore passing a Willow point on the Lard. Side [???].

S. 60 E. 3 miles to a large Indian house on the Lard Side below Some high pine land.

[Lewis and Clark's map plotted against an 1888 map of the area shows this location to be closer to 2 miles from the Multnomah Channel, just upstream from Portland's Terminal 4, and across from the community of Linnton.]

high bold Shore on the Starboard Side [Tualatin Mountains]. thence

S. 30 E 2 miles to a bend under the high lands on the Stard Side [St. Johns Bridge area located at the base of the Tualatin Mountains]

miles 10 passing a Larborad point [???].

thence the river bends to the East of S East as far as I could See [the stretch through Portland, Oregon]. at this place I think the wedth of the river may be Stated at 500 yards and Sufficiently deep for a Man of War or Ship of any burthern.





Vancouver PlainsReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society, Portland;    Port of Portland website, 2007;    Port of Portland, 2004, Vanport Wetlands Comprehensive Management Plan;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/vanport_wetlands.html
© 2016, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
September 2014