Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Trout Lake, Washington"
Includes ... Trout Lake ... Trout Lake Creek ... White Salmon River ... Mount Adams ...
Image, 2011, Mount Adams from Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Adams as seen from Trout Lake, Trout Lake, Washington. Image taken August 22, 2011.


Trout Lake, Trout Lake Creek, and Trout Lake Valley ...
The community of Trout Lake (occasionally seen spelled Troutlake) is an unincorporated city within the Trout Lake Valley, and is located approximately two miles upstream on Trout Lake Creek, a tributary of the White Salmon River. Trout Lake Creek merges with the White Salmon River at White Salmon River Mile (RM) 26.

According to "a2zgorge.info" website (2011) the Trout Lake Valley is:

"... a picturesque valley, completely surrounded by high hills and with only one natural outlet - following the course of the White Salmon River. The White Salmon River, which the Indians called "Nike-pum", runs the full length of the valley, made larger by the entrance of Trout Creek, which after broadening out to form Trout Lake, flows into the river in the center of the valley. ...

The first white man to come into the valley with the idea of making a home was Peter Stoller, a native of Switzerland, who had heard of the valley, while living in Gilmer Valley. In 1879, he made a trip in by himself to look over the land and choose his homesite on the east and south of Trout Lake. He stayed a week and even began cutting logs and making preparations to build his cabin. In the spring of 1880, he moved his family which consisted of his wife, three sons, and four unmarried daughters, over from the Gilmer Valley. ..."

Twenty miles north of Trout Lake lies Mount Adams, noted for wildflowers and huckleberries. West of Trout Lake are located the Guler Ice Caves, which, at the turn of the century were once the source of ice for the entire Columbia Gorge before the development of artificial refrigeration.



Portland to Trout Lake, 1919 ...
"From Portland to Trout lake is a matter of only a six or seven hours' run over good roads all the way. ...   The route is scenic over the whole distance. It goes by way of the Columbia river highway to Hood River, thence by ferry across the Columbia to White Salmon, Wash., and form there 24 miles into the mountains, much of the way through beautiful forests of fir and pine."


Source:    "Sunday Oregonian", June 1, 1919, Historic Oregon Newspaper Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016.

The Lake ...

Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Trout Lake looking west, Washington. Image taken August 22, 2011.


The Town ...

Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Trout Lake General Store, Trout Lake, Washington. Note what I'm presuming are "Big Foot's" fingers on left roof. View from moving car. Image taken August 22, 2011.
Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Fingers" ... Trout Lake General Store, Trout Lake, Washington. View from moving car. Image taken August 22, 2011.
Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Old buildings, Trout Lake, Washington. View from moving car. Image taken August 22, 2011.
Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign ... Presbyterian Church, Trout Lake, Washington. Image taken August 22, 2011.
Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Presbyterian Church, Trout Lake, Washington. Built in 1906. Image taken August 22, 2011.


Mount Adams ...

Image, 2011, Trout Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Scenic, Mount Adams, Trout Lake, Washington. Image taken August 22, 2011.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805 ...
A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point], and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows [The Dalles] ...     they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village [vicinity of Dougs Beach]. ...     after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side [high basalt cliffs of the Rowena Gap, with Rowena Crest on the south and the Chamberlain Lake area on the north], containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side [Klickitat River] below which is a village of 11 houses [today the town of Lyle is on the upstream side of the Klickitat], here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows

we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken [passing Mayer State Park on the Oregon side]. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar [Memaloose Island] - The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it- passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island] on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side [Hood River]    a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [Hood River], the falls mountain [Mount Hood] is South and the top is covered with Snow.    one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River], opposit to a large Sand bar [from Hood River], in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek [White Salmon River] it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar [Hood River sandbar] is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, location of the Columbia Gorge Hotel],

[On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".]

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond [today the location of Drano Lake. The Little White Salmon River empties into Drano Lake.] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and went into the houses of those people ...     Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    "a2zgorge.info" website, 2011;    Historic Oregon Newspaper Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016;    Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington Historical Society Press;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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January 2016