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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Toledo, Washington"
Includes ... Toledo ...
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Welcome to Toledo", Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


Toledo ...
The Washington community of Toledo is located on the north bank of the Cowlitz River at Cowlitz River Mile (RM) 34. To the north and northeast lies the Cowlitz Prairie, once home to the Hudson's Bay Company's Cowlitz Farm.

Cowlitz River at Toledo ...
Toledo is located on the Cowlitz River, at Cowlitz River Mile (RM) 34. The Cowlitz River merges with the Columbia River at Columbia River Mile (RM) 68.
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Image, 2018, Cowlitz River at Toledo, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Toledo, Washington. View looking upstream, taken from the Highway 505 bridge. Image taken March 29, 2018.


Early Toledo ...
According to Robert Hitchman in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington Historical Society):

Toledo (T11N, R1W):   "Very old town on Cowlitz River, 15 miles south of Chehalis, southwest corner of Lewis County. It had 3 previous names -- Plomondoe's Landing, Cowlitz Landing, and Warbassport. The present town occupies the site of a Donation Land Claim owned in the 1850s and later by August Rochon and his wife, Celeste. The present name was given by Celeste Rochon for a pioneer sidewheel steamer operated by Capt. Oren Kellogg of Kellogg Transportation Company.

Cowlitz Landing:   "A very important early settlement, 15 miles south of Chehalis, southwest Lewis County. Founded in 1837, it was a River landing, a trading post, the site of a Roman Catholic Mission, and headquarters for a very large farm operated by Puget Sound Agricultural Company, a subsidiary of Hudson's Bay Company. The first name was Plonondon's Landing, for the owner of a Donation Land Claim at this place. Later the accepted name was Cowlitz Landing. A later name was Warbassport, and the present name is Toledo."

Warbassport:   "An early name for the settlement at the present site of Toledo on Cowlitz River, 15 miles south of Chehalis, soutwest Lewis County. In the 1850s, it was an important landing on the river, and was used extensively by pioneers who traveled from here by trail to Puget Sound. The first name was Plomondoe's Landing, for a French-Canadian employee of Hudson's Bay Company. Somewhat later, the name was changed to Cowlitz Landing, a descriptive designation. When E.D. Warbass installed a trading post and started the nucleus of a town, the name was again changed in his honor. The present name is Toledo."

Simon Plomondeau/Plomondon/Plomondono:

The 1857 Lewis County Census lists Simon and Harriet Plomondeau and their three children Moses B., John B., and Eustice O. Simon, age 59, was a farmer, born in Canada. Harriet was age 38, born in Canada. The three children, Moses, age 16, John, age 13, and Eustice, age 4, were all born in Washington Territory.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database has Simon and Henriette Plomondono being granted title to 640 acres on January 6, 1865, for parts of T11N, R1W, Sections 5, 6, 7, 8, and 18 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act). (Note, there is also a listing nearby for Simon Plomondon being granted title to 128.34 acres of T11N R2W, parts of Sections 33 and 34, on January 10, 1873 (1862 Homestead Entry Original)).

E.D. Warbass:

The 1851 Lewis County Census lists E.D. Warbass.

The 1857 Lewis County Census lists U.G. Warbass, age 33, physician, born in New Jersy, his wife Mary C. Warbass, age 26, born in Pennsylvania, and their daughter Elizabeth Warbass, age 7, born in Pennsylvania.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database has Edward D. Warbass being granted title to 320.16 acres of T11N R1W, parts of Sections 13, 18, 19, and 24, on March 11, 1867 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).



Views ...

Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Welcome to Toledo", Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 26, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Massey Bar Park, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Massey Bar Park, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


Toledo, etc.

  1. Cowlitz Prairie, Cowlitz Farm, and Cowlitz Mission ...
  2. Massey Bar ...
  3. Oregon Trail Post No.3429 ...
  4. South Lewis County Airport ...
  5. St. Francis Xavier Mission ...
  6. Toledo Boat Launch Site ...
  7. Water Tower ...


Cowlitz Prairie, Cowlitz Farm, and Cowlitz Mission ...
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Massey Bar ...
According to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (2018), the name of this park/boat launch is "Massey Bar". Located at Cowlitz River Mile (RM) 36.5, Massey Bar sports a concrete boat launch, restrooms, and is open all year round. An alternate name for this site is "Mission Bar", in reference to the historic Catholic Mission located near the site.

Image, 2018, Cowlitz River, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Massey Bar, looking upstream, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Cowlitz River, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Massey Bar, looking downstream, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


Oregon Trial Post No.3429 ...
Toledo's VFW post to close down in May:

"TOLEDO -- After 80 years in the ocmmunity, Toledo's Veterans of Foreign Wars office will shut down May 31. ...

At its peak, Post 3429 in Toledo had more than 200 members. Only 50 veterans are now active in the post, which, like other VFWs, has advocated for veterans' benefits, championed many community projects and served as an important social gathering place. The ladies' auxiliary has 42 members. ...

Several of the post's remaining members will transfer to organizations in Toutle or Tenino. The office's war memorabilia will be taken to the VFW's Seattle office. Its building at 5516 Jackson Highway, which it first leased in 1947 from the Toledo School District, will be returned to the district ... the district has no plans for the building. ..."


Source:    "The Daily News", April 5, 2014, "Toledo's VFW post to close down in May", retrieved March 2018.

Medal of Honor Recipient, Thomas J. Kinsman:
Thomas J. Kinsman, from Washington State, was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Richard Nixon on May 17, 1969, for his actions in the Vietnam War. On February 6, 1968 Kinsman threw himself upon a grenade, shielding his company from the blast. He received severe head and chest wounds but saved seven of his fellow soldiers. Thomas Kinsman passed away in May 2017, at age 72.


Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Oregon Trail Post No.3429, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Oregon Trail Post No.3429, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Oregon Trail Post No.3429, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


South Lewis County Airport ...

Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
South Lewis County Airport, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
South Lewis County Airport, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


St. Francis Xavier Mission ...
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Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
St. Francis Xavier Mission, Cowlitz Prairie, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 26, 2018.


Toledo Boat Launch Site ...
Toledo Boat Launch Site

"In the early history of the area before trains and highways, the Cowlitz River was the gateway to the Northwest. The Cowlitz River was instrumental in the founding and flourishing of what is now known as Toledo. The Cowlitz River was used as a freeway for trade and travel. FIrst the Indians transported skins and furs and later the Hudson's Bay Company and Joseph Kellogg and Company carrying people and suppplies.

Captina Orrin Kellogg purchased an acre of ground from the Rochon's in 1881, with the purpose of building a warehouse. This warehouse housed products that were transported by steamboats along the Cowlitz River to the Columbia and into Portland. The steamboats last trips were in 1916 with the building of the Pacific Highway. The Olson brothers purchased the site in the 1920s. The new bridge was built south of the current bridge in 1994, and the old warehouse buildings were torn down. In 1890 Mr. and Mrs. E.P. Badger operated the first grist mill (three stories in height). In 1925 Stan and Anna (Boone) Olson built a home where the grist mill stood. The City of Toledo was granted money from The Recreation and Conservation Office in 2005 to purchase the entire site for a boat launch. This home was sold for $1 to Tom Layton and moved to Augustus Street."


Source:    Information Sign, Toledo Boat Launch Site, Toledo, Washington, visited March 29, 2018.


Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Toledo Boat Launch Site, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Cowlitz River at Toledo, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Cowlitz River at Toledo, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Cowlitz River at Toledo, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Toledo, Washington. View looking downstream. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Cowlitz River at Toledo, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cowlitz River at Toledo, Washington. View looking downstream. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Toledo Boat Launch Site, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.


Water Tower ...
Water Tower Mural Ties History of Toledo Together:

"Toledo is now displaying its history and heritage on the side of the recently refurbished water tower in town.

The mural completed in early June, shows the first white settler in the area, Simon Plomondon. To his right, a Cowlitz River steamboat is seen carrying goods, and to his left a lumber train takes timber to the mill. Artist Peter Goetzinger said his goal was to tell some of the early history of the community. ..."


Source:    Graham Perdnia, June 30, 2017, "Water Tower Mural Ties History of Toledo Together", The Chronicle website, 2018.


Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Water Tower, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Water Tower, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Water Tower, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 29, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Water Tower, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 26, 2018.
Image, 2018, Toledo, Washington click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Water Tower, Toledo, Washington. Image taken March 26, 2018.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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March 2018