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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Indian Shaker Church and the Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon"
Includes ... Indian Shaker Church ... Gulick Homestead ... The Dalles, Oregon ... Henry Gulick ... National Register of Historic Places ...
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick homestead buildings, stable (left) and house (center), The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


Indian Shaker Church and Gulick Homestead ...
The remains of an Indian Shaker Church and still-standing buildings of the Henry Gulick homestead can be seen at The Dalles, Oregon at the southeastern end of The Dalles Bridge. The buildings are weathered and in bad condition, with some missing roof parts, while others, including the Shaker Church, have collapsed. The site is an area approximately 200 feet by 500 feet and can be reached from the nearby motel. It can also be seen from the southern end of the bridge crossing the Columbia River, and from the road to The Dalles Visitor Center. Henry Gulick's homestead buildings consist of a stable, drying shed, chicken coop, privy (collapsed), barn (collapsed), and a two-room house. Locations of two other dwellings have been identified (from early photographs). The church building was 14 by 23 feet in size, and until 1973 it had supported a 3-foot cross above the apse. In 1971 the church was moved approximately 100 feet closer to the homestead buildings to make room for the nearby motel. Unfortunately the church collapsed under snow in November 1996. The Dalles Indian Shaker Church was one of five in Oregon. Of the five, the church at The Dalles was the smallest, both as a building and as a congregation.

In 1978 the Indian Shaker Church and the Gulick Homestead were added to the National Register of Historic Places (Event #78003087).


Indian Shaker Church (collapsed) ...

Image, 2011, Collapsed Indian Shaker Church, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Collapsed Indian Shaker Church (foreground) with barn (middle), Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


The Indian Shaker Church collapsed from the weight of snow, November 1996.


Henry Gulick ...
Henry Gulick was a Scottish immigrant who settled in the area in the 1890s. He married Harriet, a local Wasco woman who was a member of the Indian Shaker movement - a mix of traditional and indigenous spiritual practices. About 1896, Henry Gulick helped build the The Dalles community a Shaker Church not far from his homestead.

"Evidence suggests that one man, Henry Gulick, built most, if not all, of the buildings in this community. The sills, joinsts, walls, and roofs suggest that one man was involved in the construciton throughout. The structures that show evidence of different construction techniques are the addition to the barn and the two-room house, and the Shaker Church. In the church, the evidence suggests that Gulick hleped construct the building, but the footings, sills and roof details are dissimilar to any other structures within the community. ...

Henry Gulick, of Scottish extraction, came to The Dalles in the early 1890s. When he came to The Dalles, he brought his wife, Harriet, a Wasco Indian woman, and his son, Jackson. Gulick settled with his family on a small homestead about one and one half miles upriver from the town of The Dalles. He built the buildings now standing in the area and two houses and two fishwheels that are no longer standing. GUlick made his living as a fisherman and as a carpenter for the Seufert brothers fish company. Henry Gulick died in 1915 and his widow moved to the Warm Springs Reservation in Oregon where she remarried."

Source:   Indian Shaker Church and Henry Gulick Homestead, National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1970.


Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with The Dalles Bridge in the background, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.


Gulick Homestead Buildings ...
"The stable consists of a stall area, a tack room, a wagon room, and three storage rooms. The drying shed is one room and is the closest structure to the Columbia River. The chicken coop is similar in size, proportions, and construction to the drying shed. The privy exhibits a unique constructino technique. It is built on a basalt ledge with short stilts supporting the back, so that there is no need for the customary privy pit. There is a double floor with basalt fill between the two floor levels - to prevent the building from being upset. The barn is a composite structure with at least one addition. It is deteriorated to the degree that it is difficult to analyse how each area functioned. The two-room house was probably used as a one room shed originally with the second room added later. This structure is unique with the absence of any sill on the south side of the west room. Evidence is present where two houses originally stood. These houses were the homes of Henry Gulick, the builder of the community, and his son. The structure was burned during the early 1960s."

Source:   Indian Shaker Church and Henry Gulick Homestead, National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1970.

Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with The Dalles Dam in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with The Dalles Dam in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with The Dalles Dam in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with The Dalles Dam in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drying shed with collapsed Chicken Coop in the background, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles Dam in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.
Image, 2011, Gulick Homestead, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulick Homestead with Dalles Bridge in the background. Image taken October 6, 2011.


View from above on the hillside ...

Image, 2011, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Indian Shaker Church and Gulick Homestead. View from above The Dalles. Image taken June 4, 2011.


View from The Dalles Bridge ...

Image, 2011, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Indian Shaker Church and Gulick Homestead, from Highway 197 bridge. View from moving car while on ramp to northbound Highway 197 bridge. Image taken June 4, 2011.
Image, 2011, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Indian Shaker Church and Gulick Homestead, from Highway 197 bridge. View from moving car while on ramp to northbound Highway 197 bridge. Pile of lumber on the right is the collapsed Shaker Church. Image taken October 6, 2011.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 25, 1805 ...
a cool morning [their camp was near Horsethief Butte] Capt Lewis and my Self walked down to See the place the Indians pointed out as the worst place in passing through the gut, which we found difficuelt of passing without great danger, but as the portage was impractiable with our large Canoes, we Concluded to Make a portage of our most valuable articles and run the canoes thro accordingly on our return divided the party Some to take over the Canoes, and others to take our Stores across a portage of a mile to a place on the Chanel below this bad whorl & Suck, with Some others I had fixed on the Chanel with roapes to throw out to any who Should unfortunately meet with difficuelty in passing through; great number of Indians viewing us from the high rocks under which we had to pass, the 3 first Canoes passed thro very well, the 4th nearly filled with water, the last passed through by takeing in a little water, <we> thus Safely below what I conceved to be the worst part of this Chanel, felt my Self extreamly gratified and pleased. we loaded the Canoes & Set out, and had not proceeded, more than two mile before the unfortunate Canoe which filled crossing the bad place above, run against a rock and was in great danger of being lost, This Chanel is through a hard rough black rock, from 50100 yards wide. Swelling and boiling in a most tremendious maner Several places on which the Indians inform me they take the Salmon as fast as they wish; we passed through a deep bason to the stard Side ["Big Eddy", today Spearfish Lake] of 1 mile below which the River narrows and divided by a rock The Curent we found quit jentle, ...    we landed ...     we proceeded on down the water fine, rocks in every derection for a fiew miles when the river widens and becoms a butifull jentle Stream of about half a mile wide, Great numbers of the Sea Orter [Harbor Seals] about those narrows and both below and above. we Came too, under a high point of rocks on the Lard. Side below a creek [Mill Creek] of 20 yards wide and much water, as it was necessary to make Some Selestial observations we formed our Camp on the top of a high point of rocks [Rock Fort], which forms a kind of <artif> fortification in the Point between the river & Creek [Mill Creek], with a boat guard, this Situation we Concieve well Calculated for defence, and Conveniant to hunt under the foots of the mountain to the West & S. W. where timber of different kinds grows, and appears to be handsom Coverts for the Deer, in oke woods, ...   

This litle Creek [Mill Creek] heads in the range of mountains which run S S W & N W for a long distance on which is Scattering pine white Oake &c. The Pinical of the round toped mountain which we Saw a Short distance below the forks of this river is S. 43 W. of us and abt 37 miles, it is at this time toped with Snow we called this the falls mountain or Timm mountain [Mount Hood].     The face of the Countrey, on both Side of the river above and about the falls, is Steep ruged and rockey open and contain but a Small preportion of erbage, no timber a fiew bushes excepted, The nativs at the upper falls raft their timber down Towarnehooks River [Deschutes River] & those at the narrows take theirs up the river to the lower part of the narrows from this Creek, and Carry it over land 3 miles to their houses &c. at the mouth of this creek ...





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:  

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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October 2011