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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Salmon Creek and Klineline Pond, Clark County, Washington"
Includes ... Salmon Creek ... Klineline Pond ...
Image, 2019, Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Information sign/map, Salmon Creek Watershed, Klineline Pond, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken, February 7, 2019.


Salmon Creek ...
Salmon Creek merges with Lake River at Lake River Mile (RM) 9. Four miles south is Vancouver's Burnt Bridge Creek. Both of these channels carved their paths into Missoula Flood deposits.

Salmon Creek Drainage ...
According to the Clark County Water Resources ("Salmon Creek Watershed", 2004), the Salmon Creek watershed is comprised of 89 square miles of rural, residential, commercial, forrest, and industrial land. Located near the center of Clark County, the watershed extends from Elkhorn Mountain in the Cascade foothills east of Hockinson and flows 26 miles west to Lake River on the Columbia River flood plain. Salmon Creek has five major tributaries: Mill Creek, Woodin Creek, Rock Creek, Morgan Creek, and Curtin Creek. Battle Ground Lake and Klineline pond are the only lakes larger than five acres. About 43 miles of streams in this watershed are accessible to salmon.

According to the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (May 2004), the Salmon Creek Subbasin comprises approximately 85 square miles in Clark County, Washington, and is the largest tributary to Lake River. This subbasin has historically supported populations of fall Chinook, winter steelhead, chum, and coho. There are no hatcheries operating within the Salmon Creek subbasin with Skamania Hatchery winter steelhead being released into lower Salmon Creek to provide harvest opportunity.


Early Salmon Creek ...
According to "Names in Clark County" ("The Columbian", 2014):

"Salmon Creek:   "A dam across the creek where the I-5 now crosses once blocked the salmon run. The locals went fishing with pitchforks, hauling the fish into wheelbarrows. Not long after this episode the county commissioners declared Salmon Creek a Public Highway in order to keep it open. The creek is named for those great salmon runs of the past."

Salmon Creek Regional Park and Klineline Pond ...
Salmon Creek Regional Park/Klineline Pond is located six miles up Salmon Creek. The park features 35 acres of developed parkland and 368 acres of undeveloped green space featuring bottomlands, wetlands, and forested hillsides.

Views ...

Image, 2019, Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Creek, looking downstream, as seen from Klineline Pond, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken, February 7, 2019.
Image, 2019, Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Creek, looking upstream, as seen from Klineline Pond, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken, February 7, 2019.


Salmon Creek, etc.

  • Harry Bryan Klineline ...
  • Klineline Pond ...
  • Missoula Floods ...


Harry Bryan Klineline ...
Harry Bryan Klineline arrived in Oregon in 1916 and settled in Vancouver in 1923. He began working for the Clark County Road Department in 1925 and was in charge of its crushing operations for the next six years.

According to "Clark County History" ("The Columbian", 2014):

"In 1932, he struck out on his own as a private contractor. He started the Klineline Sand and Gravel Plant on Salmon Creek in 1941 and the firm dug the huge pits that were later to form the basis of one of the county’s most popular parks. The ponds are still known locally as the Klineline pits, although the park is now known as Salmon Creek County Park. During World War II, Klineline supplied gravel to the government and built the roads in Vancouver Barracks. The late contractor also was owner of 170 acres of farm property that is now the Royal Oaks Golf and Country Club. He was one of the original sponsors when the golf club was established in the fall of 1945."


Klineline Pond ...
Klineline Pond is a 11.9-acre lake located in the Salmon Creek drainage, western Clark County.

According to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (2019):

"Klineline Pond, a former gravel pit, was created in the early 1970s by County Parks to provide a recreational opportunity. Stocking began in 1973 with Rainbow Trout. Brown Trout were stocked beginning in 1989. Currently thousands of Rainbow and Brown Trout as well as Coastal Cutthroat Trout are stocked. Klineline is a popular area for holding kid's derbies and for family fishing fun. There is a small population of largemouth bass.The lake offers great bank access; floating devices on the pond are restricted."

Image, 2019, Klinline Pond, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Walking over bridge to Klineline Pond, Salmon Creek Watershed, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken, February 7, 2019.
Image, 2019, Klinline Pond, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
American Wigeon, Eurasian Wigeon, Killdeer, and Canada Goose, Klineline Pond, Salmon Creek Watershed, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken, February 7, 2019.


Missoula Floods ...
Salmon Creek carved its channel into Missoula Flood deposits.

"From Crown Point Gap, the water poured northwestward across the present sites of Washougal and Camas with a depth of nearly 500 feet. It swept up the Washougal and Little Washougal valleys and across the divide past Woodburn Hill north of Washougal into the valley of Lackamas Creek, where it was joined by a similar torrent that had surged up Lackamas Creek, scouring out the kolk depression now occupied by Lackamas Lake. ... Northwest of Lackamas Lake, one broad channel paralleled the main Columbia River channel courses westward along Burnt Bridge Creek; other split off to the northwest and continued on into Salmon Creek and to the north into the well-develped ridge-and-swale area along Mill Creek." [Allens, Burns, and Burns, 2009]

Image, 2018, Geologic Map detail, Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Geologic Map detail, mouth of Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington. Original map: J.E. O'Connor, U.S. Geologic Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3357.
Image, 2018, Salmon Creek, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Creek drainage, Vancouver, Washington. View looking east from NW 36th Avenue, at approximately Salmon Creek Mile 2.5. Image taken, September 3, 2018.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   
  • Clark County Water Resources, 2004, "Salmon Creek Watershed";
  • "The Columbian", 2014, "Clark History, Names in Clark County" and "History of Clark County";
  • Northwest Power and Conservation Council, May 2004;
  • O'Connor, J.E., Cannon, C.M., Mangano, J.F., and Evarts, R.C., 2016, Geologic Map of the Vancouver and Orchards Quadrangles and Parts of the Portland and Mount Tabor Quadrangles, Clark County, Washington, and Multnomah County, Oregon, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3357;
  • Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife website, 2019;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2019, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
February 2019