Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Salmon"
Includes ... Salmon ... Columbia River ...
Image, 2014, Hamilton Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Fishing, Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.


Salmon ...
(to come)

Bonneville Fish Hatchery ...
The Bonneville Fish Hatchery is managed by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and raises salmon and steelhead for sport, commercial and tribal fisheries in the lower Columbia River and along the northern Oregon Coast. The Hatchery is one of the oldest fish hatcheries in Oregon and the largest in terms of fish production. The facility opened in 1909 and was known as the "Central Hatchery", so-called because it served as a central hatching and rearing site for eggs taken at other hatcheries. The hatchery was expanded in the 1930s and again in the 1970s, and, 1998 the hatchery added a specialized rearing building (closed to the public) to house the Grande Ronde Basin captive broodstock program for spring chinook, a threatened species.
[More Bonneville Fish Hatchery]
[More Columbia River Fish Hatcheries]


Bonneville Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility ... "Outfall"
Outfall
Juvenile salmon (smolts) enter the bypass system on the upstream face of the pwerhouse. The smolts are carried down stream by a flume to the outfall exit where they reenter the river. The location of the outfall gives smolts an edge over predators. Here, strong currents prevent predators such as Northern Pikeminnow and Walleye from holding position and preying upon smolts returning to the river. Hydro cannons located on each outfall spray jets of water up to 150 feet, deterring gulls, tern and other predatory birds from feeding on the smolts as they exit the pipe and head downstream to the ocean."


Source:    Information sign, Juvenile Fish Bypass Monitoring Facility, 2014.

Image, 2006, Bonneville Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility, Hamilton Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Outfall, Bonneville Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility, Hamilton Island. Image taken April 7, 2014.


March ... Lewis & Clark ...
"The Indians tell us that the Salmon begin to run early in the next month; it will be unfortunate for us if they do not, for they must form our principal dependance for food in assending the Columbia above the Falls and it's S. E. branch Lewis's river to the Mountains."
[Clark, March 13, 1806, while at Fort Clatsop]

April ... Hamilton Island ...
[More Hamilton Island]

Image, 2014, Hamilton Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Fishing, Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.
Image, 2014, Hamilton Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Fishing, Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.
Image, 2014, Hamilton Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Fishing, Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.
Image, 2014, Hamilton Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon Fishing, Hamilton Island, Washington. Image taken April 7, 2014.


April ... Lucia Falls ...
[More Lucia Falls]

Image, 2015, Lucia Falls, East Fork Lewis River, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon jumping, Lucia Falls, East For Lewis River. Image taken April 17, 2015.
Image, 2015, Lucia Falls, East Fork Lewis River, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon jumping, Lucia Falls, East For Lewis River. Image taken April 17, 2015.


May ... Little White Salmon River at the Fish Hatchery ...
[More Little White Salmon River]
[More Columbia River Fish Hatcheries]

Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Seufert Brothers Cannery, The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1909
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seufert Brothers Cannery, The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1909 Penny Postcard, Dated 1909, "Seufert Brothers Col, Salmon Cannery, The Dalles, Oregon, The Dalles in the Distance.". Mount Hood, Oregon, is on the left. Published by The Portland Post Card Company, Portland, Oregon. Card #6027. Hand-written message on card is dated January 3, 1909. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Seining for Salmon near The Dalles, ca.1910
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for Salmon near The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1910. Penny Postcard, ca.1910, "Seining Salmon, near The Dalles, Oregon.". Published by Benj. A. Gifford, The Dalles, Oregon. Made in Germany. Card #265. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Seining for Salmon near The Dalles, ca.1910
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for Salmon near The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1910. Penny Postcard, ca.1910, "Seining Crew Hauling Seine Columbia River.". Published by Pacific Novelty Co., San Francisco. Made in Great Britain. Card #928. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Fish Wheel on the Columbia River, ca.1915
Click image to enlarge
Fish Wheel on the Columbia River, ca.1915
Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1915, "Fish Wheel, Columbia River, Oregon, On Line O.W.R. & N. Co." Image copyright Weister. Card #1459. Card is postmarked January 29, 1915. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
From: "Fishwheels on the Columbia" (Donaldson and Cramer, 1971):   "Tanner Creek Scow Wheel looking toward Washington shore and Table Mountain."


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, March 13, 1806 ...
The Red Charr are reather broader in proportion to their length than the Common Salmon, the Skales are also embricated but reather large.    the nostrum exceeds the lower jaw more and the teeth are neither So numerous or large as those of the Salmon. Some of them are almost entirely red on the belly and Sides; others are much more white than the Salmon, and none of them are varigated with the dark Spots which mark the body of the other.   their flesh roe and every other particular with respect to their is that of the Salmon.   this fish we did not See untill we had decended below the Great falls of the Columbia [at The Dalles]; but whether they are exclusively confined to this portion of the river or not at all Seasons, I am unable to determine.

The Salmon Trout [Steelhead trout, a new species] are Seldom more than two feet in length, they are narrow in purportion to their length, at least much more So than the Salmon & red charr.    their jaws are nearly of the Same length, and are furnished with a Single Series of Subulate Streight teeth, not so long or so large as those of the Salmon, the mouth is wide, and the tongue is also furnished with Some teeth.    the fins are placed much like those of the Salmon.    at the Great Falls [at The Dalles] are met with this fish of a Silvery white colour on the belly and Sides, and a blueish light brown on the back and head.    in this neighbourhood [The Dalles or Fort Clatsop ???] we have met with another Species [Steelhead Trout] which does not differ from the other in any particular except in point of Colour.    this last is of a dark colour on the back, and its Sides and belley are yellow with transverse Stripes of dark brown.    Sometimes a little red is intermixed with these Colours on the belly and Sides towards the head.    the flesh & roe is like those described of the Salmon.    the white Species which we found below the falls were in excellent order when he Salmon were entirely out of Season and not fit for use. The Species which we found here early in november on our arival in this quarter had declined considerably, reather more so than the Red charr with which we found them asociated in the little riverlets and creeks.    I think it may be Safely asserted that the Red Charr and both Species of the Salmon trout remain in Season longer in the fall of the year than the common Salmon; [on the Salmon runs] but I have my doubt whether of the Species of the Salmon trout ever pass the Great falls of the Columbia. The Indians tell us that the Salmon begin to run early in the next month; it will be unfortunate for us if they do not, for they must form our principal dependance for food in assending the Columbia above the Falls and it's S. E. branch Lewis's river to the Mountains.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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May 2015