Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington"
Includes ... Pearson Air Museum ... Jack Murdock Aviation Center ... Valeri Chkalov ... Captain Carlton Bond ... Pearson Field ...
Image, 2006, Pearson Air Museum, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pearson Air Museum, Pearson Field, Washington. Image taken October 23, 2006.


Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington ...
The Pearson Air Museum (once known as the Jack Murdock Aviation Center) is located at Pearson Field and focuses on the period from 1905 through World War II, when Pearson Field was the site of many aviation firsts. The Museum is within the Vancouver National Historic Reserve Historic District. The 23,500-square-foot museum features a pictorial history of Pearson Field and historic artifacts and aircraft. The black and yellow checkerboard roof was common at Army airfields during the “Golden Age of Flight", when pilots often needed visual guides to a safe landing. The museum includes such planes as a 1912 Curtiss Pusher replica, a 1913 Voisin III (one of only three in the world), and a 1941 Boeing Stearman. The museum also includes the country's second oldest wooden hangar, built in 1918 as part of the U.S. Army Spruce Division. The hanger has been used as an airplane hangar since 1921. It housed Italian prisoners of war during W.W.II.

Image, 2010, Pearson Air Museum, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.
Image, 2006, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Visiting Pearson Field, Washington. Image taken October 23, 2006.


Exhibits ...
[More]

Image, 2010, Pearson Air Museau, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1941 DeHavilland Tiger Moth, 1913 Voisin LA-III (replica), and WWI-era Fokker DR-1 triplane (replica). Exhibit, Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.
Image, 2010, Pearson Air Museau, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1913 Voisin LA-III (replica) aircraft. Exhibit, Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.
Image, 2010, Pearson Air Museau, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1943 North American AT-6D/SNJ-5 Texan. Exhibit, Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.
Image, 2010, Pearson Air Museum, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Airship "Gelatine". Gelatine exhibit, Pearson Air Museum, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.


Outside Views ...

Image, 2005, Jack Murdock Aviation Center, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Pearson Air Museum was once known as the Jack Murdock Aviation Center. Image taken March 18, 2005.
Image, 2006, Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington. Image taken October 23, 2006.
Image, 2004, Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington. Image taken March 8, 2004.
Image, 2010, Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Washington. Mount Hood, Oregon, is in the background. Image taken March 19, 2010.


Aviator ...
At the front entrance to the Pearson Air Museum stands a statue of Captain Carlton Bond, Commander of the squadron located at Pearson Field from 1929 to 1933, and from 1938 until 1940.

Image, 2006, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Aviator, Pearson Air Museum, Pearson Field, Washington. Statue to Captain Carlton Bond, commander of the Pierson Field Squadron from 1929 to 1933, and 1938 to 1940. Image taken October 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Aviator, Pearson Air Museum, Pearson Field, Washington. Statue to Captain Carlton Bond, commander of the Pierson Field Squadron from 1929 to 1933, and 1938 to 1940. Image taken October 23, 2006.


Valeri Chkalov Monument ...
On June 20, 1937, Soviet aviator Valeri Chkalov and crew landed at Pearson Field, completing the world's first non-stop, trans-polar flight. The flight took 63 hours and 16 minutes and covered 5,288 miles.

"... On June 20, 1937, a Soviet-built ANT-25 monoplane lands at Vancouver's Pearson Air Field, completing the first flight from the Soviet Union to the United States across the North Pole. The unfamiliar-looking aircraft, with long, red, albatross-like wings, passes over the field in preparation for an unscheduled and unexpected landing. And although the arrival at Pearson Field is a complete surprise, there is no mystery as to the aircraft’s identity. For the past several days people around the world have anxiously followed its progress as its crew sought to be the first to cross the North Pole from Moscow to San Francisco. ..." ["HistoryLink.org" Website, 2006]

In 1975 a monument commemorating that flight was erected at Pearson Field and is now on display just west of the Jack Murdock Aviation Center. This is the first monument to commemorate a Russian accomplishment on U.S. soil.


Image, 2006, DC-3, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Valeri Chkalov Monument, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken October 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, DC-3, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Valeri Chkalov Monument, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken October 23, 2006.
Image, 2010, DC-3, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Valeri Chkalov Monument, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.
Image, 2010, DC-3, Pearson Field, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Valeri Chkalov Monument, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken April 1, 2010.


The Great Silver Fleet ...
In the 1930s Eastern Airlines manager and eventual owner, Captain Eddie Rickenbacker, formed a 21-plane fleet of Douglas DC2 and DC3 planes and called it "The Great Silver Fleet". The DC-3 had enabled Eastern Air Lines to expand their daily mileage from 18,918 miles in 1936, to 23,068 in 1937.
[More]

Image, 2004, Army Air Corps, 'The Great Silver Fleet
Click image to enlarge
The Great Silver Fleet, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 8, 2004.
Image, 2005, Army Air Corps, 'The Great Silver Fleet
Click image to enlarge
The Great Silver Fleet, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 18, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 4, 1805 ...
A cloudy cool morning wind from the West we Set out at 1/2 past 8 oClock [from their camp on the north side of Government Island, approximately across from Fisher's Landing], one man Shannon Set out early to walk on the Island [Government Island] to kill Something, he joined us at the lower point with a Buck. This island is 6 miles long and near 3 miles wide thinly timbered     (Tide rose last night 18 inches perpndicular at Camp) near the lower point of this diamond Island [Government Island] is The head of a large Island Seperated from a Small one by a narrow chanel [Lewis and Clark show two large islands on their maps, both in today's Government Island area], and both Situated nearest the Lard Side, those Islands [even today the Government Island reach is a complex of many islands] as also the bottoms are thickly Covered with Pine &c. river wide, Country low on both Sides; [since 1983 the Interstate 205 bridge crosses Government Island connecting Oregon to Washington]     on the Main Lard Shore a Short distance below the last Island we landed at a village of 25 Houses: [near Portland International Airport]; ...     This village contains about 200 men of the Skil-loot nation ...

at 7 miles below this village passed the upper point of a large Island [Hayden Island] nearest the Lard Side, a Small Prarie [Jolie Prairie, today the location of Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark. Lewis and Clark camp on this prairie on their return] in which there is a pond [one of the many ponds which use to dot this area] opposit on the Stard. here I landed and walked on Shore, about 3 miles a fine open Prarie for about 1 mile, back of which the countrey rises gradually and wood land comencies Such as white oake, pine of different kinds, wild crabs with the taste and flavour of the common crab and Several Species of undergroth of which I am not acquainted, a few Cottonwood trees & the Ash of this countrey grow Scattered on the river bank, ...     joined Capt. Lewis at a place he had landed with the party for Diner. ...

dureing the time we were at dinner those fellows Stold my pipe Tomahawk which They were Smoking with [Tomahawk pipe, thus giving rise to the name Tomahawk Island] ...    we proceeded on

[The men have passed through the area which, 20 years later, Dr. John McLoughlin would choose for a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company, later to become Fort Vancouver and eventually the city of Vancouver, Washington.]

met a large & a Small Canoe from below, with 12 men the large Canoe was ornimented with Images carved in wood the figures of <man &> a Bear in front & a man in Stern, Painted & fixed verry netely on the <bow & Stern> of the Canoe, rising to near the hight of a man [Lewis and Clark then named Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island"]     two Indians verry finely Dressed & with hats on was in this canoe passed the lower point of the Island [Hayden Island] which is nine miles in length haveing passed 2 Islands on the Stard Side of this large Island [the location of Vancouver Landing and since 1917 the Interstate 5 Bridge connecting Oregon to Washington State], three Small Islands at its lower point [The downstream end of Hayden Island was at one time composed of small islands. One of these, Pearcy Island, would become today's Kelley Point.]. the Indians make Signs that a village is Situated back of those Islands on the Lard. Side and I believe that a Chanel is Still on the Lrd. Side [it wasn't until Lewis and Clark's return trip they would discover the mouth of the Willamette River] as a Canoe passed in between the Small Islands, and made Signs that way, probably to traffick with Some of the nativs liveing on another Chanel, at 3 miles lower [Sauvie Island is located at this stretch, but it is not until the return that Lewis and Clark recognize it as a separate island], and 12 Leagues below quick Sand river [Sandy River] passed a village of four large houses on The Lard. Side [on Sauvie Island], near which we had a full view of Mt. Helien [Mount St. Helens, Washington] which is perhaps the highest pinical in America from their base it bears N. 25° E about 90 miles- This is the mountain I Saw from the Muscle Shell rapid [Umatilla Rapids, Captain Clark actually saw Mount Adams] on the 19th of October last Covered with Snow, it rises Something in the form of a Sugar lofe- about a mile lower passed a Single house on the Lard. Side, and one on the Stard. Side, passed a village on each Side and Camped near a house on the Stard. Side [Post Office Lake vicinity, today within the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge] we proceeded on untill one hour after dark with a view to get clear of the nativs who was constantly about us, and troublesom, finding that we could not get Shut of those people for one night, we landed and Encamped on the Stard. Side ...

This evening we Saw vines much resembling the raspberry which is verry thick in the bottoms. A range of high hills at about 5 miles on the Lard Side [Portland's West Hills'] which runs S. E. & N W. Covered with tall timber the bottoms below in this range of hills and the river is rich and leavel, Saw White geese with a part of their wings black. The river here is 1˝ miles wide, and current jentle. opposite to our camp on a Small Sandy Island [one of the small sandy islands prevelent in this stretch of the Columbia. Today the Willow Bar Islands on the east side of Sauvie Island lie across from Post Office Lake.] the brant & geese make Such a noise that it will be impossible for me to Sleap. we made 29 miles to day






Clark, March 30, 1806 ...
we got under way verry early [from their camp near Wapato Portage] and had not proceeded to the head of the island [Bachelor Island] before we met with the three men of the Clan-nar-min-a-mon's who met us yesterday brackfast at the upper point of the Island [Bachelor Island] we met Several of the Clackstar and Cath-lah-cum-up in two canoes. Soon after we were overtaken by Several Canoes of different tribes who reside on each Side of the river the three above Tribes and the Clâh-in-na-ta cathy-lah-nah-qui-up & Cath-lah-com-mah-tup reside on each Side of Wappato inlet [Multnomah Channel] and back of Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] which Island is formed by a Small Chanel which passes from the Lower part of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] into an inlet which makes in from the S W. Side, and receves the water of a Creek which heads with the Kil a mox River. this wappato Island [Sauvie Island] is about 18 or 20 Miles long and in places from 6 to 10 miles wide high & furtile with ponds on different parts of it in which the nativs geather Wappato. nearly opposit the upper point of the Isld. behing which we encamped last night, or on the Wappato Isld. is Several Camps of the nativs catching Sturgion. about 5 miles Still higher up and on the N E. Side we halted for brackfast at the place which We had encamped the 4th of November last [near Post Office Lake, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge]. here we were visited by several canoes of Indians from two Towns a Short distance above on the Wappato Island [Sauvie Island]. the 1st of those Tribes Call themselves Clan-nah-quah and Situated about 2 miles above us, the other about a mile above Call themselves Mult-no-mah ...     at 10 a. m. we Set out and had not proceeded far before we came to a landing place where there was Several large canoes hauled up, and Sitting in a canoe, appearantly waiting our arival with a view to join the fleet indian who was then along Side of us. this man informed he was a Shoto and that his nation resided a little distance from the river. we landed and one of the indians pointed to the Shoto village which is Situated back of Pond [Vancouver Lake] which lies parrelal with the river on the N E. Side nearly opposit the Clan-nah quah village. here we were also joined by Several Canoes loaded with the natives from the Island who Continued to accompany us untill about 4 oClock when they all returned and we proceeded on to the place the Indians Stole my Tomahawk 4th Novr. last [Hayden Island] and Encamped in a Small Prarie ["Jolie Prairie" where Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark would some day be located] above a large Pond on N. E and opposit the Center of image Canoe Island [Hayden Island]. capt Lewis walked out and Saw Several deer. Jo. Field Shot at Elk he killed and brought in a fine duck. ...     we made 22 Miles only to day the wind and a Strong current being against us all day, with rain. discovered a high mountain S E. Covered with Snow which we call Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon]





Vancouver PlainsReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: City of Vancouver website, 2004; Fort Vancouver, Pearson Air Museum website, 2010; "HistoryLink.org" website, 2006; Pearson Air Museum website, 2004, 2006; "DC3History.org" website, 2005.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/pearson_air_museum.html
© 2016, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
March 2010