Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Paterson and Paterson Ridge, Washington"
Includes ... Paterson, Washington ... Paterson Ferry ... Paterson Ridge ... Paterson Springs ... Irrigon Fish Hatchery ... Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...
Image, 2005, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Paterson Unit, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge: View from the Oregon side near the end of the Irrigon Fish Hatchery. Image taken September 24, 2005.


Paterson, Washington ...
Paterson, Washington, is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 277. Paterson Ridge rises behind the small community and the now-mostly-underwater Blalock Islands dot the Columbia River just downstream. Further downstream is Whitcomb Island, a part of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge. At one time there was a Paterson Ferry which went between Paterson and Irrigon, Oregon, upstream.

Paterson Ridge ...
Paterson Ridge is a part of the Yakima Fold Belt, a section of lava flows of the Columbia River Basalt Group.

According to the Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database (2019):

"Paterson Ridge (T5N R6E) ... Paterson Ridge is north of the Columbia River and runs southwest to northeast above Blalock Island. It is divided by Glade Creek that runs from the north joining the Columbia River near the community of Paterson. The ridge is approximately 30 miles south of Prosser and is in a vineyard and orchard area."

Early History ...
Paterson, Paterson Ridge, and Paterson Springs were all named after Henry Paterson, an early settler in the area.

Edmund S. Meany wrote in "Origin of Washington Geographic Names" (1923, University of Washington Press):

"Paterson ... a town on the north bank of the Columbia River, in Benton County. It was named for Henry Paterson, a pioneer settler."

Robert Hitchman wrote in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington Historical Society):

"Paterson (T5N R26E, Sec.8) ... Settlement on the north bank of Columbia River, south slope of Paterson Ridge, directly upstream from Blalock Island, southwest Benton County. The name of Henry Paterson, a pioneer settler, was applied to the settlement, the ridge, and to a nearby springs."

According to the Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database (2019):

"Paterson (T5N, R26E, Sec.8) ... Paterson is on the north bank of the Columbia River on south slope of Paterson Ridge directly upstream from Blalock Island in southwest Benton County. The name of Henry T. Paterson, a pioneer settler, was given to the community, the ridge, and to nearby springs. The title to 111.25 acres of land was granted to Henry Paterson on July 8, 1892. The Paterson ferry operated during the major Columbia River flood of 1948 offering the only cross river passage for many miles up and down stream. The ferry then consisted of two unpowered steel barges that were propelled by light tug boats with capacities of fourteen and eleven passenger autos respectively. When a toll bridge was built between Plymouth, Washington, and Umatilla, Oregon in 1955 the ferry owners were eventually "persuaded to sell thier ferry operation..."."

The 1868 cadastral survey (tax survey) shows a "settlers dwelling" located in T5N R26E Section 9.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database (2007) shows title being granted to Henry Paterson for 111.25 acres of T5N R26E Section 8, on July 25, 1892, under the 1862 Homestead Entry Original.

Often seen spelled "Patterson", the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Paterson" official in 1959.



Early Maps ...

Historic Map, 1906, Paterson, Washington, and Irrigon, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1906 Topographic map detail, Paterson, Washington, to Irrigon, Oregon. Includes the Columbia River, Paterson Ridge and Paterson, Washington, and Irrigon, Oregon. Original map 1:125,000 "Blalock Islands Quadrangle", Washington-Oregon, U.S. Geological Survey, 1906 edition.


Paterson, etc.

  • North Bank Road ...
  • Paterson Ferry and Paterson Ferry Road ...
  • Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...


North Bank Road ...
The Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railroad, competitors in the transcontinental business, launched the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway in 1905 and built a line along the north side of the Columbia River. This line was known as "The North Bank Railroad", "The North Bank Road", "Columbia River Scenic Route", and "The Northwests Own Railway". The tracks were started in October 1905 and completed in February 1908, with a celebration being held on March 11th at Sheridan Point upstream of the Fort Rains Blockhouse location. On March 19th, regular passenger service between Vancouver and Pasco was begun. The journey took eight hours.

STATIONS ON THE NORTH BANK
Between Vancouver and Pasco There Will Be 43 Stops.

"LYLE, Wash., July 24, 1907. -- (Special.) -- Chief Surgeon Irvine, of the North Bank Road says there will be 43 stations about five miles apart on the line between Vancouver and Pasco. From west to east the stations will appear on the new map as Image, Fisher, Bourne, Seal, Cruzatt, Butler, Cascades, Stevenson, Ash, Collins, Cooks, Hood, Bingen, Villa, Lyle, Skadat, Grandalles, Spedis, Avery, Timms, Columbus, Cliffs, Towal, Harbin, Fountain, Sanda, Roosevelt, Moonax, McCredie, Carley, Luzon, Sage, Patterson (Paterson), Coolide, Gravel, Plymouth, Colbia, Mottinger, Tomar, Yellepit, Hoover and Finley. He also reports the track is being blasted as fast as laid."


Source:    "Morning Oregonian", July 25, 1907, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2019.

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Paterson Ferry and Paterson Ferry Road ...
The end of Oregon's Paterson Ferry Road reaches the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 278.5, three miles downstream of Irrigon, Oregon (RM 282). The Paterson Ferry Road was once the Oregon side of the Paterson Ferry to Paterson, Washington. This privately-owned ferry went out of business in 1955 with the construction of the Interstate 82/395 Bridge located 13 miles upstream. The Interstate 82/395 bridge connects Umatilla, Oregon to Plymouth, Washington. Today the Paterson Ferry Road ends upstream the prominent grain elevator (RM 278). Across the Columbia are views of the Paterson Unit of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.
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Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit ...
The Paterson Unit of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge is located on the Washington shore, upstream of Paterson, Washington, and includes the Paterson Slough. Good views of this section of the Refuge can be seen from the Oregon side near the Irrigon Fish Hatchery.
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Image, 2005, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge, Paterson Unit, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Paterson Unit, Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge: View from the Oregon side near the end of the Irrigon Fish Hatchery. Image taken September 24, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Center for Columbia River History website, 2005;
  • Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016;
  • Hitchman, R., 1985, "Place Names of Washington", Washington State Historical Society;
  • Meany, E.S., 1923, "Origin of Washington Geographic Names", University of Washington Press, Seattle;
  • Oregon State Archives website, 2006;
  • Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database, 2019;
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2007;
  • U.S. Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) database, 2007;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2019, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
September 2008