Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Parkersville and Parker's Landing, Washougal, Washington"
includes ... Parkersville ... Parker's Landing ... Parker's Landing Historical Park ... Washougal ... National Register of Historic Places ...
Image, 2004, Parkers Landing Historical Park sign, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. With "Corps of Discovery" member, Trader. Image taken November 21, 2004.


Parkersville and Parker's Landing ...
In 1850 David C. Parker claimed the land he occupied and started the community of Parkersville, the first American town north of the Columbia River. Parker constructed a dock which he called Parkerís Landing. The once-community was located at Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 122. Downstream is the small community of Camas and upstream is today's Washougal. Today the Washougal Marina occupies the area of Parkersville. Located next to the Marina is the "Parker's Landing Historical Park".

Image, 1856, David Parker, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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HISTORICAL 1856 Cadastral Survey map, T1N R3E, Sections 11 and 12, showing the location of David Parker's homestead, Washougal, Washington. Lady Island is in lower left and the Washougal River ("Washookal Creek") is shown upper right. Original map courtesy U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Detail, Information panel, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.

"Parker's Landing, circa 1920s. The passenger-freight steamer Jessie Harkins stopped often at Parker's Landing to pick up milk cans and livestock." Illustration by Sandra Neil.


Early History ...
Lewis and Clark passed the Washougal area on November 3, 1805, making note of the "prairie" where Washougal is today located, and suggesting it as a possible wintering-over place. In 1806, on their return trip, Lewis and Clark spent six nights at Cottonwood Beach gathering provisions for their journey home.

Alexander Ross camped in the Washougal vicinity on July 24, 1811 and referred to the location as "Wasough-ally Camp".

In 1838 Richard Ough (Howe) arrived in the area. Ough married the daughter of a local chief.

In 1844 the Washougal area was settled by George Bush and Michael Simmons and his wife. In April 1845 the Simmons son, Christopher Columbus Simmons, was born, making him the first American child born north of the Columbia River. In October 1845 Bush and the Simmons left the Washougal area and headed to Puget Sound.

In 1846 David C. Parker arrived via a wagon train party which rafted down the Columbia River from The Dalles, Oregon. Parker squatted on land just downstream (west) of today's Washougal.

Other settlers followed David Parker. Joseph Gibbons arrived in 1847, Joseph Duncan in 1850, and J.E.C. Durgan in 1854.

In April 1849 pioneer Richard Ough "squatted" on public land on the upstream (east) side of Parkerís land, and in 1850 he claimed the 633.91 acres he occupied.

In 1850, with the coming of the Donation Land Claim (DLC) system, David C. Parker claimed the nearly 582 acres he occupied, and started the community of Parkersville, the first American town north of the Columbia River. Parker constructed a dock which he called Parkerís Landing.

In 1854 Parker platted out the town of Parkersville, which consisted of a couple stores, a hotel, bar and a house.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database (2016) shows Ann Bruner, Ann Parker, and the Heirs of David C Parker being granted title to 520.22 acres of T1N R3E, parts of Sections 11, 12, 13, and 14, on August 27, 1871 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).

In 1879, Joseph Durgan, founder of Washougal (located just upstream of Parkersville), bought the fairly new Carpenter store at Parkersville which included a post-office. Durgan moved to its new location in Washougal. Fritz Braun, who had started building a hotel and bar in Parkersville moved his building to near Durganís store. This location eliminated the wet land problems in the Parkersville area and low water times for ship docking. A roadway, bridge and new dock at Washougal gave Captain Love year-round docking facilities and provided local farmers a new way in and out to the world.

In 1880 Richard Ough sold twenty acres of his claim to Joseph E.C. Durgan and steamship captain and owner Lewis Love. These two men platted the town of Washougal, named after the Indian name for Rushing Water.

Today, Parkersville is the location of the Washougal Marina, and Parkers Landing is now Parkers Landing Historical Park.

In 1976 the "Parkersville Site" was added to the National Register of Historic Places (Pre-historic, Native American, Exploration/Settlement, #76001880).


Views ...

Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Azaleas, Parkers Landing, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.


Parkersville and Parker's Landing, etc.

  • Chinook Plaza ...
  • Interpretive Panels ...
  • National Register of Historic Places ...
  • Parker Landing Post Light ...
  • Parker's Landing Historical Park ...
  • Rose Arbor ...
  • Rose Arbor ... (winter)
  • Van Vleet Historical Plaza ...


Chinook Plaza ...
The Chinook Plaza was formally dedicated on September 12, 2009.

"The Chinook Plaza, as well as the Tayi rock, the native planting bed, the interpretive panels, and the pondless waterfall surrounded by native plants, are the fulfillment of the original intent of those who were involved in planning the development of Parkerís Landing Historical Park when it was dedicated and opened on June 1, 1986. In addition to relating local history, one of the wishes of those early members, as well as current members, was to commemorate the Chinook Indians who had inhabited this area, who had left behind many artifacts, some of which are still being found today, and who deserve to be honored, remembered, and imitated for their respect for Mother Earth.Ē [From the September 12, 2009 Dedication Ceremony.] "


Source:    Port of Camas/Washougal website, 2016.

THE LOCAL CHINOOKAN ROYAL FAMILY

"THE CHINOOKAN PEOPLE have always been united by language and family ties. The local tribe, the Washougalles, lived at Catlipoks, a small village a short distance up the Washougal River. The river was an important salmon spawning ground. In 1800, Chief Schluyhus was part of a large royal family that included his wife, Running Fawn, Running Fawn's mother, and their children White Wing, Wa-ba-na-ha, Morning Star, and Owl Feather. Chief Schluyhus was form the royal lineage and had been chief at The Cascades, and had also been head of all Chinook fisheries. Running Fawn's ancestors had lived at Catlipoks for a very long time.

Wa-ba-na-ha became chief at the Clahclellah village below The Cascades of the Columbia. His wife was Wa-ca-boole, sister-in-law of Chief Chen-o-wuth. The two families were very close and traveled together seasonally to pick huckleberries, fish for salmon, and socialize. They spent winter months with Clackamas Chinook relatives at the fork of the Clackamas and Multnomah Rivers. Wa-ba-na-ha worked for the Cascades Portage Railroad and railroad warehouses. He led his Cascades Chinook villages through relocaiton after 1858 to the White Salmon, and later to the Yakama Indian Reservation.

White Wing married Richard Ough, who was a seaman and fur trader for the Hudson's Bay Company. He renamed her Betsey, and they enjoyed a long and fruitful life together, with a large family. Richard was naturalized and filed for a 640-acre waterfront donation land claim in 1849, part of which he later sold for the development of the city of Washougal. Betwey was known for her hospitality and medical expertise. She died in 1911 in Washougal, exact age unknown (96-106). Her youngest son, John Thomas Ough, also died in Washougal in 1917, as did his daughter, Gracia Ough Jones, in 1995 at age 91."


Source:    Chinook Plaza information panel, Parker's Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, visited November 2016.


Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Tayi ("Headman") Stone, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Tayi ("Headman") Stone, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Tayi ("Headman") Stone, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Tayi ("Headman") Stone, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.

Chinook tayi

In honor of the Chinook leaders and their people of the lower Columbia River region

Cassino
Charley Ma-Tote
Chenamus
Cleek-a-Tuck
Coalpo
Coboway
Concomly
Cuckamanna
Kachumult
Lalbick
Lomus
Obanahano
Poh poh
Schlyhoush
Shalharwarcap
Skamania
Stokin
Tamaquin
Taucum
Teapinick
Thomas Huckswel__
Tumalth
Wallahpicate
Washkai
Watcheno

Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Information panel, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Detail, Information panel, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Information panel, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Detail, Information panel, Chinook Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.


Interpretive Panels ...
On November 1, 1997, the Interpretive Panels in the kiosk were dedicated.


National Register of Historic Places ...
In 1976 the "Parkersville Site" was added to the National Register of Historic Places (Pre-historic, Native American, Exploration/Settlement, #76001880).
[More]

Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Plaque, Parkersville Site, National Register of Historic Places, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.


Parker Landing Post Light ...
Notice to Mariners.
Changes in Aids to Navigation on the Pacific Coast."

"Notice is given by the Lighthouse Board of the following chagnes in the aids to navigation on the Pacific Coast:

Parker Landing post light -- On November 15, 1902, a fixed white lantern light, on a white stake 10 feet above the water, will be established on the northerly bank of the Columbia River at Parker Landing, Washington, as a guide in the narrow and rocky channel. Outer end of Washougla wharf east seven-eighth north; tangent to eastern point of Lady's Island, southwest, one-eighth south."


Source:    "Morning Oregonian", November 14, 1902, Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2018.



Parker's Landing Historical Park ...
"Located adjacent to the Marina Park, Parkerís Landing Historical Park commemorates David C. Parker, on whose Donation Land Claim this site is located. ... The Parkersville National Historic Site Advisory Committee was formed by the Port in 1985 to act as an advisory body to the Commissioners for the development of the historic area known as the Parkerís Landing Historical Park."


Source:    Port of Camas-Washougal website, 2017.

Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 31, 2017.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Plaque, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Information panels, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.


Rose Arbor ...
(to come)

Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.


Rose Arbor ... (winter)
(to come)

Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2017, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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View from Rose Arbor, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken May 7, 2017.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Washington Centennial marker, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.


Van Vleet Historical Plaza ...
VAN VLEET HISTORICAL PLAZA

This plaza commemorates the Van Vleet family.

David C. Parker, on whose Donation Land Claim this site is located, platted the town of Parkersville in 1854. When Parker died in 1858, Lewis Van Vleet was appointed the second administrator of Parker's estate, the first having moved. Later Van Vleet bought part of Parker's land, operated Parker's ferry business, and filed a new Parkersville plat on April 18, 1878. Lewis Van Vleet, who established a DLC in Fern Prairie, was a U.S. Deputy Surveyor and Clark County Representative in the Territorial Senate.

Van Vleet's daughter, Louisa Van Vleet Spicer Wright, was one of the first women doctors in the state of Washington. She was born in 1862 at her parents "Oak Grove Farm" in Fern Prairie. In 1885 she graduated from medical school in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The land on which this park is located was given to Louisa by her father.

In 1901, Louisa married James W. Wright, a widower. Aboutt seven years after Dr. Wright's tragic death in 1913, her son Cecil Van Vleet (born a Spicer) began residing on his mother's property. Between 1929 and 1931, Cecil took legal action to re-establish the Parkersville plat, the original having been destroyed by the 1890 fire in the Clark County Court House. Cecil did not live permanently at Parker's Landing, but he returned in the 1950s to remain until his death in 1977. After three generations of Van Vleets being involved in this property, it was sold in 1968 to the Port of Camas/Washougal with the hope that it would become a park.

Local history is reflected by the names engraved in the plaza which begin at the eastern end with the very earliest people -- the Chinook Indians -- followed by explorers, fur traders, and the Michael T. Simmons party who sojourned at this site in late 1844 until the fall of 1845. The foregoing names are followed by the names of those who held Donation Land Claims and Homesteads. All who settled in East Clark County in 1889 or before are considered East Clark County Pioneers. Many of their descendants are also included in the plaza. In addition, present-day people, businesses, churches, and organizaitons have been invited to "Make History" by having a brick inscribed with their name and the year of arrival or establishment."

LEGEND

  • E = Explorer.
  • FT = Fur trader.
  • S = Sojourner (Michael T. Simmons party).
  • DLC = Donation Land Claim.
  • D = Year of death.
  • A = Year of a family's arrival in Clark County, or year of establishing a business, assocation, church, club, or organization. Can also be the year of birth of an individual.
  • P = Pioneer (or descendant of a pioneer) who arrived in Clark County in 1889 or before.
  • * = When there are two or more people named on a birck, an asterick may be placed beside the name of the person to whom the "A" or the "P" applies.


Source:    Information plaque, Van Vleet Historical Plaza, visted November 4, 2016.

Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Plaque, Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Bricks, Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Bricks, Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.
Image, 2016, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Bricks, Van Vleet Historical Plaza, Parkers Landing Historical Park, Washougal, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2016.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 3, 1805 ...





Clark, March 31, 1806 ...




Vancouver PlainsReturn to
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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    See Washougal.   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
/Regions/Places/parkersville.html
November 2016