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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Orchards, Washington"
Includes ... Orchards ... Sifton ... Vancouver ... Fourth Plain ... Fort Sevastopool ... Mural ... Feed Mill ... Orchards Community Park ...
Image, 2006, Mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.


Orchards ...
(to come)

"Fourth Plain" ...
The Orchards area north and east of Vancouver, Washington was once a large open prairie called "Fourth Plain" by the British Hudson's Bay Company (HBC). In 1825 the HBC built Fort Vancouver along the Columbia River. Their agricultural and livestock area included a series of "Plains and Prairies" extending north and east of the Fort. A large plain about 4 miles northeast of the Fort became "Fourth Plain" and was called that until 1885 when it was re-named "Orchards".
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Early Orchards ...
According to "Place Names of Washington" (Hitchman, 1985, Washington Historical Society):

"Suburban area 3-1/2 miles northeast of Vancouver, southwest Clark County. When Hudson's Bay Company first occupied Fort Vancouver, they numbered their grazing plains or pastures consecutively, 1-6, from headquarters. The area was called Fourth Plain. The present name was suggested by D.H. Stearns Realty Company when a post office was established in 1885, and was accepted by postal officials."


Orchards, etc.

  • Fort Sevastopool ...
  • Orchards Community Park ...
  • Orchards Feed Mill ...
  • Orchards Mural ...
  • Vancouver - Orchards - Sifton Streetcar ...


Fort Sevastopool, Vancouver, Washington ...
"... The Yakima Indian Wars were a complex series of events involving both volunteer and regular troops in numerous, sometimes bloody conflicts throughout eastern Washington and southern Oregon from 1853 to late 1858. During this period, a blockhouse was built on the Vancouver post and in 1856 while soldiers were away on Indian campaigns a group of Clarke County Rangers, commanded by Judge William Strong, guarded the post. On the Fourth Plain, the military appointed Richard Covington sergeant of the Clarke county Rangers who built "Fort Sevastopool," a blockhouse and stockade covering about three acres. ..."


Source:    Donald L. Sinclair, Center for Columbia River History, 2004, "Part I, Our Manifest Destiny Bids Fair for Fulfillment: An Historical Overview of Vancouver Barracks, 1846-1898, with suggestions for further research", funded by The National Park Service, Department of the Interior, in co-operation with Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Washington.

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Orchards Community Park ...
Orchards Community Park is a 33-acre park located on the north side of Fourth Plain Boulevard in west Orchards. The park includes a picnic shelter and picnic tables, barbecue grills, horseshoe pits, a rose garden, and miles of trails.

Image, 2017, Orchards, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, Orchards Community Park, Orchards, Washington. Image taken April 2, 2017.
Image, 2017, Orchards, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards Community Park, Orchards, Washington. Image taken April 8, 2017.
Image, 2017, Orchards, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Trail, Orchards Community Park, Orchards, Washington. Image taken April 2, 2017.
Image, 2017, Orchards, Washington, click to enlarge
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Trillium, Orchards Community Park, Orchards, Washington. Image taken April 8, 2017.
Image, 2017, Orchards, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pacific Wren, Orchards Community Park, Orchards, Washington. Image taken April 8, 2017.


Orchards Feed Mill ...
According to Vancouver's The Columbian (September 19, 2013), the Orchards Feed Mill was built in 1889 and sits on the corner of NE Covington Road and Rosewood Avenue. In 2013 a new 22,000-foot store opened north of the original building.

Image, 2006, Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.
Image, 2006, Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.
Image, 2006, Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.
Image, 2006, Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards Feed Mill, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.


Orchards Mural ...
Today a mural of the Orchards/Sifton circa 1920 exists at the corner of Covington Road and NE Fourth Plain Boulevard. The 75x25-foot mural is located at Orchards Plaza and was painted by Guy Drennan and Linda Peterson. Over 100 volunteers helped with the painting, working in a "paint by number" method. It took a over a year to finish. The official dedication was in October 2003. The mural features plum picking (a big-time crop in the area), pre-1980 Mount St. Helens, the Orchards Feed Store (oldest building still in use in the area, see more above), and the Sifton-Orchards Streetcar No.5.
[More]

Image, 2006, Mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.
Image, 2006, Mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, Washington. Image taken November 25, 2006.


Vancouver - Orchards - Sifton Streetcar ...
According to Battle Ground's The Reflector (October 15, 2003), the Sifton-Orchards Streetcar (also known as the Orchards-Sifton Streetcar or Orchards-Sifton Trolley) use to make 10 stops from Vancouver to Orchards to Sifton. One of the stops included the Orchards Feed Mill, the oldest building still standing in the Orchards area.

A route map in David Warren Freece's "A history of the street railway systems of Vancouver, Washington, 1889-1926" (1984, Master's Thesis, Portland State University) shows a route of the line, beginning in Vancouver on 33rd Street (location of the "Car Barns") east of St. Johns Blvd., crossing Burnt Bridge Creek to Falk (at Falk Road) and then to Stapleton (at Stapleton Road). From there the line curved northeast, the stops being Sparks, Jaggy, Roney, Bonzo, Hartfield, Parkway, Orchards, Gehr (at Gehr Road), and ending at Sifton. The tracks were located to the north of Fourth Plain Blvd. Today Washington State Route 500 follows nearly the same route.

The terminus of the streetcar line was the small community of Sifton.

[More]


Image, 2006, Mural, Fourth Plain, Orchards, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Orchards mural, Sifton-Orchards Streetcar No.5. Image taken November 25, 2006.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Battle Ground The Reflector, October 15, 2003 edition;    Clark County Parks and Recreation website, 2017;    The Columbian, October 24, 2007, September 18, 2003;    Freece, D.W., dissertation, 1984, "A history of the street railway systems of Vancouver, Washington, 1889-1926", Portland State University;    Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society.    Jollota, P., 2004, Downtown Vancouver, Arcadia Publishing;    Meany, E.S., 1923, Origin of Washington Geographic Names, University of Washington Press   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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April 2017