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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Mount Hood, Oregon"
Includes ... Mount Hood ... "Wy'east" ... Timberline ... Barlow Road ...
Image, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington. Interstate 205 in the middleground. Image taken December 18, 2004.


Mount Hood ...
Mount Hood lies east of Portland, Oregon and can be seen up and down the Columbia River. The peak is 11,239 feet in elevation. Mount Hood is one of the major volcanoes of the Cascade Range and has erupted repeatedly for hundreds of thousands of years. The lastest eruptions were about 1,500 years ago and the last being in the late 1790s just before the arrival of Lewis and Clark. That eruption resulted in a tremendous amount of volcanic rock and sand to enter the Sandy River drainage. That sediment was still being flushed downstream when Lewis and Clark first saw the river in 1805 and named it the "Quicksand River".

"Wy'east" ...
An name for Mount Hood is "Wy'east" or "Wyeast". According to legends, nearby Mount St. Helens was once a beautiful maiden named "Loowit". When two sons of the Great Spirit "Sahale" fell in love with her, she could not choose between them. The two braves, "Wyeast" and "Klickitat" (often seen as "Pahto") fought over her, burying villages and forests in the process. Sahale was furious. He smote the three lovers and erected a mighty mountain peak where each fell. Because Loowit was beautiful, her mountain (Mount St. Helens) was a beautiful, symmetrical cone of dazzling white. Wyeast (Mount Hood) lifts his head in pride, but Klickitat (Mount Adams) wept to see the beautiful maiden wrapped in snow, so he bends his head as he gazes on St. Helens.

Naming Mount Hood ...
Mount Hood was named after a British admiral, Lord Samuel Hood, and was named and first described in 1792 by William Broughton, a member of the George Vancouver expedition to explore the western coast of North America.

"... I landed for the purpose of taking our last bearings; a sandy point on the opposite shore bore S. 80 E., distant about 2 miles; this point terminating our view of the river, I named it after Captain Vancouver; it is situated in latitude 45 degrees 27 minutes, longitude 237 degrees 50 minutes." The same remarkable mountain that had been seen from Belle Vie Point again presented itself, bearing at this station S.67 E.; and though the party were now nearer to it by seven leagues, yet its lofty summit was scarcely more distinct across the intervening land, which was more than moderately elevated. Mr. Broughton honored it with Lord Hood's name; its appearance was magnificent; and it was clothed in snow from its summit, as low down as the high land, by which it was intercepted, rendered it visible. Mr. Broughton lamented that he could not acquire sufficient authority to ascertain its positive situation, but imagined it could not be less than twenty leagues from their then station. ..." [Broughton, October 30, 1792]

Mount Hood Sunrise ...

Image, 2007, Sunrise, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood Sunrise. View from Vancouver, Washington Image taken January 30, 2007.
Image, 2007, Sunrise, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood Sunrise. View from Vancouver, Washington Image taken February 2, 2007.


Mount Hood Sunrise Shadow, February 3, 2007 ...

Image, 2007, Mount Hood Sunrise, click to enlarge
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Sunrise, Mount Hood shadow, Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Vancouver, Washington. Image taken February 3, 2007.
Image, 2007, Sunrise, click to enlarge
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Sunrise, Mount Hood shadow, Mount Hood, Oregon. View from Vancouver, Washington Image taken February 3, 2007.
Image, 2007, Sunrise, click to enlarge
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Sunrise, Mount Hood shadow, Mount Hood, Oregon. View from Vancouver, Washington Image taken February 3, 2007.


Lewis and Clark spot Mount Hood ...
Lewis and Clark first spotted Mount Hood on October 18, 1805, as they were passing through the "high country" of the Walla Walla River and Wallula Gap.

"... at the Commencement of this high Countrey on Lard Side a Small riverlet falls in which appears to passed under the high County in its whole cose     Saw a mountain bearing S. W. conocal form Covered with Snow ..." [Clark, October 18, 1805]

Views ...

Image, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington. Image taken December 18, 2004.
Image, 2008, Mount Hood from Larch Mountain, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, from Larch Mountain, Oreogn. Image taken August 3, 2008.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington. Image taken October 21, 2005.
Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Washougal Marina, Washougal, Washington. Image taken December 27, 2004.
Image, 2016, Mount Hood, Washougal, Washington, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Washington Highway 14, heading to Washougal, Washington. Image taken March 19, 2016.
Image, 2014, Sunset, click to enlarge
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Sunset, Mount Hood, Oregon. Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from the Interstate 205 Bridge, heading north. Government Island is in the foreground. Image taken January 25, 2014.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood and the Maryhill Museum, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Maryhill Museum, Washington. Image taken May 24, 2005.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood as seen through Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood as seen through Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon. View from Washington State Highway 14. Image taken May 24, 2005.
Image, 2006, Mount Hood as seen from Boardman, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Sunset, Mount Hood as seen from Boardman, Oregon. Image taken October 1, 2006.


Barlow Road ...
The Barlow Road -- "officially" the "Mount Hood Road" -- was a part of the Oregon Trail. The road was authorized by the Oregon Legislature in 1845, and by September 1846, it made its way around the south side of Mount Hood. This 80-to-90-mile road provided an alternative to the dangerous and expensive route that used rafts to transport wagons down the Columbia River.
[More]

Timberline Lodge ...
(to come)

In 1973, Timberline Lodge was added the the National Register of Historic Places, Site #73001572.


Drive to Timberline ...

Image, 2009, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood from Highway 26. Parts of Highway 26 follow the old Barlow Road, part of the Oregon Trail. Image taken August 16, 2009.
Image, 2012, Road to Timberline, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Road to Timberline, Mount Hood, Oregon. Illumination Rock is on the left horizon and the Palmer Glacier is the snowfields on the left flank with the ski lift (barely visible). Image taken July 6, 2012.
Image, 2010, Mount Hood from Timberline, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood as seen from Timberline, Oregon. Illumination Rock is on the left horizon and the Palmer Glacier is the snowfield on the left with the ski lift. Image taken July 17, 2010.
Image, 2011, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon. Image taken September 20, 2011.


Mount Hood from Vancouver, Washington ...

Image, 2007, Mount Hood, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood and clouds. Telephoto view from the Fishers Landing area, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 21, 2007.
Image, 2007, Top of Mount Hood, click to enlarge
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Closeup tip of Mount Hood with clouds. Telephoto view from the Fishers Landing area, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 21, 2007.


Mount Hood and Trillium Lake ...

Image, 2013, Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake. Image taken October 14, 2013.
Image, 2013, Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood and Trillium Lake. Image taken October 14, 2013.


View of Five Volcanoes ...
From the mouth of the Willamette River, Lewis and Clark spotted five volcanoes. Mount Jefferson, Mount St. Helens, Mount Hood, Mount Rainier, and Mount Adams.
[More]

"... from the Columbia at the entrance of the Multnomah river Mount Jefferson bears S. E. this is a noble mountain. I think equally as high as Mount St. Helines but it's distance being much greater than that of the latter, so great a portion of it dose not appear above the range of mountains which lie betwen boath those stupendious mountains and this point of view. like mount St. Heleans it's figure is a regular cone and is covered with eternal snow. M. St. Heleans from the same point boar N [blank], Mount Hood due East, and Mount Ranier nearly North. there is also a very high humped mountain a little to the East of Mount St. Heleans which appears to lie in the same chain with those conic pointed mountains before mentioned ..." [Lewis, April 6, 1806]

Image, 2010, Mount Hood as seen from Blurock Landing, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Blurock Landing, Washington. Blurock Landing lies across the river from the mouth of the Willamette River. Image taken March 19, 2010.


Mount Hood Images ...

Image, 2006, Mount Hood sunset, from Boardman, Oregon Mount Hood sunset, as seen from Boardman, Oregon:
View from Boardman RV Park.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, October 1, 2006.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Roosevelt, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Roosevelt, Washington:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Cliff Park, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Cliff Park, Washington:
Cliff Park is located downstream of the John Day Dam.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, April 24, 2004.
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Image, 2006, Rufus, Oregon, from Interstate 84 Mount Hood and Rufus, Oregon, from Interstate 84:
View is looking west at Mount Hood on the horizon. The Columbia River is on the right.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, October 2, 2006.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Stonehenge, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Stonehenge Memorial, Maryhill, Washington:
Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from inside of the Stonehenge Memorial, at Maryhill, Washington.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, April 24, 2004.
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Image, 2005, Maryhill Museum, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Maryhill Museum, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2003, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Maryhill Museum, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Maryhill Museum, Washington:
Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from the slopes of the Maryhill Museum, Washington.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, July 5, 2003.
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Image, 2005, Wishram, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and Wishram, Washington:
Wishram, Washington. Mount Hood, Oregon, is in the background. Celilo Park, Oregon, is on the left. Image taken from Washington State highway 14.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Celilo area, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Celilo area:
Image taken from Washington State Highway 14, looking down on the Oregon Trunk Railroad Bridge.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Fairbanks Gap, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood with Fairbanks Gap, Oregon:
View from Washington State Highway 14, of Mount Hood through Fairbanks Gap. Fairbanks Gap is a water gap through which waters of the Missoula Floods flowed into Fifteenmile Creek, just east of The Dalles, Oregon.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Wishram, Washington, in the spring, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and Wishram, Washington, in the spring:
Wishram, Washington, in the spring, with Mount Hood, Oregon, in the background. Image taken from Washington State highway 14.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood seen through Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon Mount Hood as seen through Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon:
Image taken from Washington State highway 14.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Browns Island, with Mount Hood, as seen from Washington State Highway 14 Browns Island with Mount Hood:
View from Washington State Highway 14.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood and The Dalles, Oregon The Dalles, Oregon, with Mount Hood:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2004, Columbia River, Mount Hood, and Horsethief Butte Lake Celilo looking west towards Mount Hood and Horsethief Butte:
Columbia River from Washington State highway 14, looking downstream at Lake Celilo, Mount Hood, Oregon, and Horsethief Butte, Washington.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, April 24, 2004.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Horsethief Butte Overlook, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Horsethief Butte Overlook, Washington:
From overlook on Washington State highway 14 looking at Horsethief Butte and Horsethief Lake.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood and The Dalles, Oregon The Dalles, Oregon, with Mount Hood:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, April 24, 2004.
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Image, 2010, Mount Hood, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, as seen from airliner leaving PDX.
Early morning.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, September 28, 2010.
Image, 2010, Mount Hood and Mount Jefferson, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood (left) and Mount Jefferson (right background), as seen from airliner leaving PDX.
Early morning.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, September 28, 2010.
Image, 2004, Mount Hood and Hood River, Oregon Mount Hood and the City of Hood River, Oregon:
Mount Hood above the City of Hood River, Oregon, as seen from levee near the Hood River Bridge.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 20, 2004.
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Image, 2006, Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Hood River Interstate Bridge Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Hood River Interstate Bridge:
View from crossing the Interstate Bridge across the Columbia River.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, May 10, 2006.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Cook-Underwood, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Underwood, Washington:
View from Underwood, Washington, just downstream of the White Salmon River. Image taken from Washington State Highway 14.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, May 24, 2005.
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Image, 2006, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Hood, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Hood, Washington:
View from Washington State Highway 14 at the Broughton Lumber Mill.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, May 10, 2006.
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Image, 2013, Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 14, 2013.
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Image, 2013, Mount Hood as seen from Trillium Lake, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood and Trillium Lake.
Photo by Lyn Topinka October 14, 2013.
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Image, 2009, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood along Highway 26, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, August 16, 2009.
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Image, 2011, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, September 20, 2011.
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Image, 2012, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood from road to Timberline, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 6, 2012.
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Image, 2010, Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood from Timberline, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 17, 2010.
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Image, 2008, Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Columbia River Valley Mount Hood, Oregon, from Larch Mountain, Oregon:
View from the top of Larch Mountain, Oregon. Larch Mountain is visible from many places along the Columbia River. Views of five Cascade Range Volcanoes can be seen from Larch Mountain.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, August 3, 2008.
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Image, 2005, Steigerwald Lake NWR, Mount Hood, and Crown Point Mount Hood and Crown Point, Oregon, from Steigerwald Lake NWR, Washington:
Mount Hood and Crown Point, Oregon, as seen from Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Washington.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, June 29, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Steigerwald Lake NWR, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Steigerwald Lake NWR, Washington:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, June 29, 2005.
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Images, 2003, Steamboat Landing, Cottonwood Beach, and Mount Hood Mount Hood from Steamboat Landing, Washougal, Washington:
Looking up the Columbia River at Steamboat Landing (Washougal, Washington), with Cottonwood Beach (Washington) and Mount Hood (Oregon) in the background.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 3, 2003
Images, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Washougal, Washington Mount Hood from Washougal, Washington:
Image taken from just east of Washougal Marina, Washougal, Washington. Reed Island is in the foreground.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, December 27, 2004
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Images, 2016, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Washougal, Washington Mount Hood from Washington Highway 14, on the way to Washougal, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 19, 2016
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Images, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 21, 2005.
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Images, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Fishers Landing, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, November 17, 2005.
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Images, 2014, Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood sunset, from Interstate 205 bridge, heading north:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, January 25, 2014.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood, from Vancouver, Washington Mount Hood and clouds, from Vancouver, Washington:
View from Fishers Landing, Vancouver, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 21, 2007.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood, from Vancouver, Washington Tip of Mount Hood and clouds, from Vancouver, Washington:
View from Fishers Landing, Vancouver, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 21, 2007.
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Images, 2005, Mount Hood from Rocky Butte Mount Hood as seen from Rocky Butte, Oregon:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, June 15, 2005
Images, 2003, Government Island and McGuire Island Mount Hood (right), Government Island (left), and McGuire Island (middle):
Mount Hood, Oregon, is just visible on the right skyline. Image taken from Marine Drive, Oregon, looking upstream.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 18, 2003
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Images, 2004, Mount Hood as seen from the I-205 Bridge Mount Hood from the Interstate 205 Bridge:
Looking upstream from the Interstate 205 Bridge, at Mount Hood, Oregon. Government Island is on the right.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 4, 2004
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Images, 2003, Interstate-205 Bridge and Mount Hood Mount Hood and the Interstate-205 Bridge:
Columbia River and the Interstate-205 Bridge, connecting Vancouver, Washington, with Portland, Oregon. Mount Hood (Oregon) is in the background.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 4, 2003
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Images, 2003, Mount Hood and Portland International Airport Mount Hood, Oregon, and Portland International Airport:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 4, 2003
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Images, 2003, Mount Hood and Portland International Airport Mount Hood, Oregon, and Portland International Airport:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 4, 2003
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Images, 2005, Looking upstream from Wintler Park, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Looking upstream from Wintler Park, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 21, 2005.
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Images, 2005, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Wintler Park, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Wintler Park, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 21, 2005.
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Images, 2004, Looking upstream from Wintler Park, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Looking upstream from Wintler Park, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, December 18, 2004.
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Images, 2006, Tidewater Cove, Vancouver, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Seagull, Tidewater Cove, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 9, 2006.
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Images, 2006, Tidewater Cove, Vancouver, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood from Tidewater Cove, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 9, 2006.
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Images, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington:
Mount Hood and the Interstate 205 Bridge, from beach at Ryan Point, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, December 18, 2004.
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Images, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, and Interstate 205, from Ryan Point, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, and Interstate 205, from Ryan Point, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, December 18, 2004.
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Images, 2003, Mount Hood and I-205 as seen from Ryan Point Mount Hood and the Interstate-205 Bridge from Ryan Point, Washington:
Columbia River looking upstream from Ryan Point, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Interstate-205 Bridge in the background.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, June 15, 2003
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Images, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Ryan Point, Washington, wave action Wave action at Ryan Point, Washington, with Mount Hood, Oregon:
Mount Hood and the Interstate 205 Bridge, from beach at Ryan Point, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, December 18, 2004.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, January 30, 2007.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 2, 2007.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington Shadow, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 3, 2007.
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Images, 2007, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Wahsington Shadow, Mount Hood sunrise, from Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 3, 2007.
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Images, 2004, Pearson Field, Washington, and Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 8, 2004.
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Images, 2004, Pearson Field, Washington, and Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 8, 2004.
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Images, 2004, Pearson Field, Washington, and Mount Hood, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon, and Army Air Corps, Pearson Field, Vancouver, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 8, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Campsite of March 30, 1806, looking upstream Mount Hood, Oregon, from Campsite of March 30, 1806:
Lewis and Clark Campsite of March 30, 1806, looking upstream. Mount Hood, Oregon is in the background.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, January 20, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Campsite of March 30, 1806, from downstream Mount Hood and Campsite of March 30, 1806, as seen from downstream:
From the Washington shoreline, with Mount Hood, Oregon, in the distance.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 29, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Hayden Island Mount Hood from Hayden Island:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 29, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Hayden Island Hayden Island shoreline with Mount Hood, Oregon:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 29, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Hayden Island, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Hayden Island, Oregon:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 29, 2004.
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Image, 2004, Mount Hood and the Empress of the North cruise ship Mount Hood and the "Empress of the North" cruise ship:
As seen from under the Interstate 5 Bridge, Hayden Island, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, March 29, 2004.
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Image, 2003, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Kelley Point, Oregon Mount Hood, Oregon from Kelley Point Park:
Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Kelley Point Park, Oregon.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, September 13, 2003.
Image, 2004, Willamette Falls with Mount Hood Mount Hood, Oregon, and Willamette Falls:
Lewis and Clark make mention of the Indian tribe which lived "at the falls of the Multnomah".
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 15, 2004.
Image, 2004, Vancouver Lake with Mount Hood Mount Hood, Oregon, from Vancouver Lake, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 11, 2004.
Image, 2008, Vancouver Lake with Mount Hood Mount Hood and Vancouver Lake, Washington:
Photo by Lyn Topinka, October 11, 2008.
Image, 2004, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Blurock Landing, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Blurock Landing, Washington:
Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Blurock Landing, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, February 11, 2004.
Image, 2003, Mount Hood, Oregon, from Blurock Landing, Washington Mount Hood, Oregon, from Blurock Landing, Washington:
Mount Hood, Oregon, as seen from Blurock Landing, Washington.
Photo by Lyn Topinka, July 4, 2003.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood from Post Office Lake, Ridgefield NWR Mount Hood and Post Office Lake, Washington:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, January 30, 2005.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood from Post Office Lake, Ridgefield NWR Mount Hood, Oregon, from Post Office Lake area, Washington:
View from Post Office Lake area, looking across the Shillapoo Lake wildlife area.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, January 30, 2005.
Image, 2003, Mount Hood and Post Office Lake Mount Hood, Oregon, from Post Office Lake area, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Washington:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, July 2, 2003.
Image, 2003, Mount Hood from Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Mount Hood, Oregon, and the Shillapoo Lake wildlife area, Washington:
View is looking across the Shillapoo Lake wildlife area.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, July 2, 2003.
Image, 2005, Columbia River, Mount Hood, from Sauvie Island Mount Hood, Oregon, with the Columbia River and Sauvie Island in the foreground:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, November 20, 2005.
Image, 2005, Sauvie Island and Mount Hood Mount Hood, Oregon, with Sauvie Island in the foreground:
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, November 8, 2005.
Image, 2005, Mount Hood as seen from the St. Helens Marina, St. Helens, Oregon Mount Hood as seen from the St. Helens Marina, St. Helens, Oregon:.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, November 8, 2005.
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Image, 2005, Mount Hood as seen from the St. Helens Marina, St. Helens, Oregon Mount Hood as seen from the St. Helens Marina, St. Helens, Oregon:.
Photo by: Lyn Topinka, November 8, 2005.
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From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 18, 1805 ...
This morning Cool and fare wind from the S. E. ...     Took our leave of the Chiefs and all those about us [from their camp, the location of today's Sacajawea State Park] and proceeded on down the great Columbia river     passed a large Island at 8 miles about 3 miles in length, a Island on the Stard. Side the upper point of which is opposit the center of the last mentioned Island and reaches 3½ miles below the 1st. Island and opposit to this near the middle of the river nine Lodges are Situated on the upper point at a rapid which is between the lower point of the 1st Island and upper point of this; great numbers of Indians appeared to be on this Island, and emence quantites of fish Scaffold     we landed a few minits to view a rapid which Commenced at the lower point, passd this rapid which was verry bad between 2 Small Islands two Still Smaller near the Lard. Side, at this rapid on the Stard. Side is 2 Lodges of Indians Drying fish, at 2½ miles lower and 14½ below the point passed an Island Close under the Stard. Side on which was 2 Lodges of Indians drying fish on Scaffolds as above

[Today this reach has been inundated by the waters of Lake Wallula, the reservoir behind the McNary Dam. The Burbank Slough - part of the McNary National Wildlife Refuge - dominates the eastern bank of the Columbia and two islands which remain offshore of Wallula are Crescent Island and Badger Island.]    

at 16 miles from the point [junction of the Snake River with the Columbia, location of today's Sacajawea State Park] the river passes into the range of high Countrey at which place the rocks project into the river from the high clifts [Wallula Gap] which is on <both> the Lard. Side about 2/3 of the way across those of the Stard Side about the Same distance, the Countrey rises here about 200 feet above The water and is bordered wth black rugid rocks [Columbia River Basalt],     at the Commencement of this high Countrey [Wallula Gap] on Lard Side a Small riverlet falls in [Walla Walla River] which appears to passed under the high County in its whole cose     Saw a mountain bearing S. W. conocal form Covered with Snow [Mount Hood, Oregon].    passed 4 Islands, at the upper point of the <first> 3rd is a rapid, on this Island is two Lodges of Indians, drying fish, on the fourth Island Close under the Stard. Side is nine large Lodges of Indians Drying fish on Scaffolds as above [Yellepit area]; at this place we were called to land, as it was near night and no appearance of wood [Lewis and Clark are in the Port Kelley area, where today the islands offshore are under the waters of Lake Wallula.],     we proceeded on about 2 miles lower to Some willows, at which place we observed a drift log     formed a Camp on the Lard Side [Spring Gulch] under a high hill nearly opposit to five Lodges of Indians; Soon after we landed, our old Chiefs informed us that the large camp above "was the Camp of the 1st Chief of all the tribes in this quarter [Chief Yellepit], and that he had called to us to land and Stay all night with him, that he had plenty of wood for us &" This would have been agreeable to us if it had have been understood perticelarly as we were compelled to Use drid willows for fuel for the purpose of cooking, we requested the old Chiefs to walk up on the Side we had landed and call to the Chief to come down and Stay with us all night which they did;     ... we made 21 miles to day.






Clark, October 25, 1805 ...

This litle Creek [Mill Creek, Lewis and Clark are at the Rock Fort campsite] heads in the range of mountains which run S S W & N W [Cascade Mountain Range] for a long distance on which is Scattering pine white Oake &c. The Pinical of the round toped mountain which we Saw a Short distance below the forks of this river [Mount Hood] is S. 43° W. of us and abt 37 miles, it is at this time toped with Snow we called this the falls mountain or Timm mountain. The face of the Countrey, on both Side of the river above and about the falls, is Steep ruged and rockey open and contain but a Small preportion of erbage, no timber a fiew bushes excepted, The nativs at the upper falls raft their timber down Towarnehooks River [Deschutes River] & those at the narrows take theirs up the river to the lower part of the narrows from this Creek, and Carry it over land 3 miles to their houses &c. at the mouth of this creek Saw Some beaver Sign, and a Small wolf in a Snare Set in the willows The Snars of which I saw Several made for to catch wolves, are made as follows vz: a long pole which will Spring is made fast with bark to a willow, on the top of this pole a String






Clark, October 26, 1805, first draft ...
a mountain which I must call Timm or falls Mountain rises verry high and bears to S W the Course it has bore Sinc we first Saw it.





Clark, October 27, 1805, first draft ...
The wind increased in the evening and blew verry hard from the Same point W. day fair and Cold — The Creek at which we are Encamped is Called by the natives— Que-nett ... <Falls M> The pinical of Falls mountain bears S 43° W. about 35 miles





Clark, November 3, 1805, first draft ...
The fog continued thick untill 12 oClock, we Coasted, and halted at the mouth of a large river on the Lard Side [Sandy River]. This river throws out emence quanty of <quick> Sand and is verry Shallow, th narrowest part 200 yards wide bold Current, much resembling the river Plat, Several Islands about 1 mile up and has a Sandbar of 3 miles in extend imedately in its mouth, discharging it waters by 2 mouths, and Crowding its Corse Sands So as to throw the Columbia waters on its Nothern banks, & confdg it to ½ ms. in width Passed a Small Prarie on the Stard. Side above [location of today's Washougal, Washington, and Cottonwood Beach], a large Creek [Washougal River] opposit qk Sand River on the Stard. Side [Sandy River] , extensive bottoms and low hilley Countrey on each Side (good wintering Place [Cottonwood Beach on the Washington side was one spot considered for the men to return to and pass the winter]) a high peaked mountain Suppose to be Mt. Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] is on the Lard Side S. 85° E. 40 miles distant from the mouth of quick Sand river [Sandy River].—



Clark, November 3, 1805 ...
The Quick Sand river [Sandy River] appears to pass through the low countrey at the foot of those high range of mountains in a Southerly direction,— The large Creeks which fall into the Columbia on the Stard. Side rise in the Same range of mountains to the N. N. E. and pass through Some ridgey land— A Mountain which we Suppose to be Mt. Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] is S. 85° E about 47 miles distant from the mouth of quick sand river [Sandy River] This mtn. is Covered with Snow and in the range of mountains which we have passed through and is of a Conical form but rugid— ... note the mountain we Saw from near the forks proves to be Mount Hood [see November 4, 1805]



Gass, November 3, 1805 ...
The morning was foggy: ...     At 9 we proceeded on, but could not see the country we were passing, on account of the fog, which was very thick till noon when it disappeared, and we had a beautiful day. We at that time came to the mouth of a river on the south side [Sandy River], a quarter of a mile broad, but not more than 6 or 8 inches deep, running over a bar of quicksand. At this place we dined on venison and goose; and from which we can see the high point of a mountain covered with snow, in about a southeast direction from us. Our Commanding Officers are of opinion that it is Mount Hood, discovered by a Lieutenant of Vancoover, who was up this river 75 miles. The river that falls in here [Sandy River] has two mouths, through which it drives out a considerable quantity of sand into the Columbia. Opposite the lower mouth there is a handsome island [Lady Island]. At 2 o'clock we proceeded on, and passed another island [???]. The country on both sides appears level and closely timbered: on the river the timber is cotton wood, maple and some ash; and back from it mostly spruce pine. We made 13 miles and encamped on a large island [Government Island], in which is a large pond full of swans, geese and ducks. On our way and here we killed some of each kind. At night, Captain Lewis had a small canoe carried over to the pond in order to hunt by moon light; but the party did not happen to have good luck, having killed only a swan and three ducks.



Ordway, November 3, 1805 ...
a foggy morning. ...     about 9 oClock we set out and proceeded on the fog So thick that we could not See across the River. passd. Several Sand Islands about noon we halted to dine at the mouth of a River which is filled with quick Sand and is wide and Shallow our officers name this River Quick Sand River [Sandy River] on the Lard. Side. here we perceive the tide water. we Saw the round mountain some distance a head which we expect is the Same which was discovred by Lieut. Hood and is called Hoods Mountain [Mount Hood, Oregon] ...


Whitehouse, November 3, 1805 ...
At 2 o'Clock P. M. we passed also the Mouth of a small river, lying on the North side of the Columbia River [Washougal River]. The weather now got clear & pleasant. We continued on, and saw a high round Mountain, lying on the South side of the River, which we supposed to be the same Mountain, that we saw above the great falls of this River, and believe it to be the same Mountain; that Lieutenant Hood gave an account of when on a Voyage round the World with Captain Cook, This Mountain appeared nearly covered with Snow. We proceeded on, the River being nearly One Mile & a quarter wide in general, & a number of large Islands in it, laying on both sides of it.—





Whitehouse, November 4, 1805, first draft ...
we discovered a high round mountain Some dis[tance] back from the River on Stard. Side which is called mount Rainy [mistaken, they saw Mount St. Helens]. we are not yet out of Site of Mount Hood which is covd. with Snow.



Whitehouse, November 4, 1805 ...
We discovered a mountain, which lay on the North side of the River, some distance back from it. It appeared to be round, and is called Mount Rainey [mistaken, Mount St. Helens, Washington]. We are not yet out of sight of Mount Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon], which from this place appears to be covered with Snow.






Lewis, March 30, 1806 ...
we had a view of mount St. helines [Mount St. Helens, Washington] and Mount Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon]. the 1st is the most noble looking object of it's kind in nature. it's figure is a regular cone. both these mountains are perfectly covered with snow; at least the parts of them which are visible



Ordway, March 30, 1806 ...
we Set out eairly and proceed on the River Still riseing & is now So high that the tide has no effect to be perceived at this time considerable of drift wood floating down the River. Saw 2 large villages on a large long Island which is named wa pa-toe Isld. [Sauvie Island] & is about 25 miles long, partly timbered & partly prarie & soil rich. a number of the Savages followed us Some distance with their canoes I must give these Savages as well as those on the coast the praise of makeing the neatest and handsomest lightest best formed canoes I ever Saw & are the best hands to work them. Saw mount rainey [in error, they saw Mount St. Helens and not Mount Rainier] and Mount Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] which is verry white with Snow &C about Sunset we Camped at a handsom prarie ["Jolie Prairie"] & Groves of oak timber &C- the country is lower & more Smooth than below.-



Whitehouse, March 30, 1806 ...
We saw this day Mount Rainey [in error, they saw Mount St. Helens and not Mount Rainier] & Mount hood [Mount Hood, Oregon]; they appeared white & was covered with Snow






Clark, April 2, 1806 ...
... at the distance of 13 Miles below the last village [locality of Portland International Airport] and at the place I had Supposed was the lower point of the image Canoe island [Hayden Island], I entered this river which the nativs had informed us of, Called Mult no mah River [Willamette River] so called by the nativs from a Nation who reside on Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] a little below the enterance of this river. Multnomah [Willamette River] discharges itself in the Columbia on the S. E. and may be justly Said to be ¼ the Size of that noble river. Multnomah had fallen 18 inches from it's greatest annual height. three Small Islands are situated in it's mouth which hides the river from view from the Columbia.     from the enterance of this river [Willamette River] , I can plainly See Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon] which is high and Covered with snow S. E. Mt. Hood East [Mount Hood, Oregon], Mt St. Helians [Mount St. Helens, Washington] a high humped Mountain to the East of Mt St. Helians [Mount Adams, Washington, is east of Mount St. Helens]. I also Saw the Mt. Raneer [Mount Rainier, Washington] Nearly North. ...






Ordway, April 14, 1806 ...
Sergt. Pryor & men returned with Drewyer & the two Fields they had killed 4 deer. we then departed and proceed on verry well passed Labuche River [Hood River] on N. Side about noon the wind rose so high from the N. W. that we came too at a village on the N. Side where we Saw 25 or 30 horses which are in tollarable good order. we bought a number of dogs from the natives. they gave us Such as they had to eat which was pounded Salmon thistle roots & wild onions & other kinds of roots all of which they had Sweeted & are Sweet. they are makeing Shappalell &C but they had but little to eat at this time but are Scattered along the River expecting the Salmon Soon &C. Mount Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] appears near the River on the South Side which is covd. thick with Snow & very white the wind high we delayed about 2 hours and proceed. on passed Several Small villages on the N. Side Scatered along the narrow bottoms near the River. Saw a number of horses at each village the wind continued aft and high So we run fast. Camped [Major Creek] at dark at a village on the N. S.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    U.S. Geological Survey, Cascades Volcano Observatory website, 2006, "Mount Hood",

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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August 2014