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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Mathews Point and Mathews Slough, Washington"
Includes ... Mathews Point ... "Parting Point" ... Mathews Slough ...
Image, 2018, Mathews Point, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View towards Mathews Point, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 4, 2018.


Mathews Point ...
"Mathews Point" is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 102. Downstream is Blurock Landing and upstream is the Port of Vancouver. Mathews Point was named after John and Elizabeth Mathews who had a Donation Land Claim southwest of Shillapoo Land and Vancouver Lake. The name "Mathews Point" became official in June 1897. Other names in use had been "Mathew's Pt.", "Matthew Point", "Matthew's Point", and "Parting Point".

Mathews Slough ...
"Mathews Slough" was named after Samuel and Sarah Mathew who had a Donation Land Claim west of Vancouver Lake and east of Shillapoo Lake. "Mathews Slough" (also seen as "Matthews Slough") is not listed in the U.S. Board of Geographic Names database (2016), however the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife uses both "Mathew's Slough" or "Matthews Slough" in various reports.

"Several bodies of water lie south and west of historic Shillapoo Lake. The named bodies of water include Matthews Slough, Buckmire Slough, Hart Lake, Bass Lake, and Pencil Lake. Only Buckmire and Matthews Sloughs, which are connected to Lake River, have the potential to support salmonids." -- [Kunz and Caudill, 2003, Washington Depart of Fish and Wildlife.]

Mathew/Mathews DLCs ...
There are two "Mathew/Mathews" Donation Land Claims (DLC) in the area of Vancouver Lake.

Samuel and Sarah Mathew DLC:

The earliest Land Claim in the area is the DLC of Samuel and Sarah Mathew and lies between Shillapoo Lake and Vancouver Lake. The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records website (2018) shows Samuel Mathew and Sarah Mathew being granted title on December 22, 1865, to 259.60 acres of T2N, R1E, Section 6, and T3N R1E Sections 30 and 31 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).

The 1860 Cadastral Survey (tax survey) map for T3N R10E shows the "Matthews" homestead near the center of Section 31. "Shillapoo Lake" is to the west and today's Buckmire Slough (depicted but not named) and Vancouver Lake are to the east. The 1863 Cadastral Survey shows the DLC of "S Mathews" between "Shillapoo Lake" and "Vancouver Lake".

The 1860 Clark County U.S. Federal Census lists Samuel Mathew as being born in Virginia, a farmer, age 37, and lived in the area covered by the "Lake River Post Office". He was married to Sarah, born in Ohio, age 34, and there were two children, daughter Harriet, born in Oregon, age 4, and son Morris, age 3, born in Washington Territory.

John and Elizabeth Mathews DLC:

The second Land Claim is the DLC of John and Elizabeth Mathews. This DLC is the area of today's "Mathews Point". The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records website (2018) shows John H. Mathews and Elizabeth Mathews being granted title on December 3, 1877, to 215.53 acres of T2N, R1E, Sections 18 and 19 and T2N, R1W, Sections 13 and 24 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).

The 1863 Cadastral Survey (tax survey) maps for T2N R1W and T2N R1E show the DLC of "J.H. Mathews" in the lower half of Section 13.

The 1883 Clark County Census lists a J.H. Mathews as being born in Missouri, age 29, and a farmer. He was married to "M.J. Mathews", age 20, born in Missouri, and there were two sons, "S.M. Mathews", age 3, and "F.M. Mathews", age 1, both born in Washington Territory.


Early Mathews Point ...
In 1792 Lieutenant Broughton, of the Captain George Vancouver Expedition, called this point "Parting Point".

In 1897 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Mathews Point" official. This point was also known as "Mathew's Point", "Matthew's Point", "Matthew Point", and "Parting Point".

The 1913 Washington Geological Survey's "Bulletin No.17, A Geographic Dictionary of Washington" lists two different spellings of Mathews Point. The first listing is "Mathewes Point. A point on the north bank of Columbia River, about 3 miles below Vancouver, in southwestern Clarke County." The second listing is "Matthews Point. A low point on the north bank of Columbia River, about 4 miles below Vancouver, in Clarke County."


Early Maps ...

Hudson's Bay Company map detail, 1825, Willow Point to Fort Vancouver, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Map detail, 1825, Hudson's Bay Company map "Columbia River, Surveyed 1825", showing "Parting Point". Map detail shows the area from Willow Point, Sauvie Island, Oregon, to Fort Vancouver, Vancouver, Washington. Original topographic map courtesy Washington State Historical Society, 2013.
Image, 1888, Map detail, Shillapoo Lake and Vancouver Lake,  click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Map detail, 1888, showing the Donation Land Claim of Samuel Mathew (spelled "Mathews" on map). "Clarke County of Washington Territory" showing Shillapoo Lake, Vancouver Lake, and surrounding Donation Land Claims. Map by R.A. Habersham. Original map courtesy U.S. Library of Congress, 2017.
Image, 1888, Map detail, Vancouver Lake,  click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Map detail, 1888, showing the Donation Land Claim of J.H. Mathews.. "Clarke County of Washington Territory" showing the Donation Land Claims south and west of Vancouver Lake. Map by R.A. Habersham. Original map courtesy U.S. Library of Congress, 2017.


Views ...

Image, 2018, Mathews Point, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Northern Harrier, Mathews Point, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken March 4, 2018.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, March 30, 1806 ...
we got under way verry early [from their camp near Wapato Portage] and had not proceeded to the head of the island [Bachelor Island] before we met with the three men of the Clan-nar-min-a-mon's who met us yesterday brackfast at the upper point of the Island [Bachelor Island] we met Several of the Clackstar and Cath-lah-cum-up in two canoes. Soon after we were overtaken by Several Canoes of different tribes who reside on each Side of the river the three above Tribes and the Clh-in-na-ta cathy-lah-nah-qui-up & Cath-lah-com-mah-tup reside on each Side of Wappato inlet [Multnomah Channel] and back of Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] which Island is formed by a Small Chanel which passes from the Lower part of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] into an inlet which makes in from the S W. Side, and receves the water of a Creek which heads with the Kil a mox River. this wappato Island [Sauvie Island] is about 18 or 20 Miles long and in places from 6 to 10 miles wide high & furtile with ponds on different parts of it in which the nativs geather Wappato. nearly opposit the upper point of the Isld. behing which we encamped last night, or on the Wappato Isld. is Several Camps of the nativs catching Sturgion. about 5 miles Still higher up and on the N E. Side we halted for brackfast at the place which We had encamped the 4th of November last [near Post Office Lake, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge]. here we were visited by several canoes of Indians from two Towns a Short distance above on the Wappato Island [Sauvie Island]. the 1st of those Tribes Call themselves Clan-nah-quah and Situated about 2 miles above us, the other about a mile above Call themselves Mult-no-mah ...     at 10 a. m. we Set out and had not proceeded far before we came to a landing place where there was Several large canoes hauled up, and Sitting in a canoe, appearantly waiting our arival with a view to join the fleet indian who was then along Side of us. this man informed he was a Shoto and that his nation resided a little distance from the river. we landed and one of the indians pointed to the Shoto village which is Situated back of Pond [Vancouver Lake] which lies parrelal with the river on the N E. Side nearly opposit the Clan-nah quah village. here we were also joined by Several Canoes loaded with the natives from the Island who Continued to accompany us untill about 4 oClock when they all returned and we proceeded on to the place the Indians Stole my Tomahawk 4th Novr. last [Hayden Island] and Encamped in a Small Prarie ["Jolie Prairie" where Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark would some day be located] above a large Pond on N. E and opposit the Center of image Canoe Island [Hayden Island]. capt Lewis walked out and Saw Several deer. Jo. Field Shot at Elk he killed and brought in a fine duck. ...     we made 22 Miles only to day the wind and a Strong current being against us all day, with rain. discovered a high mountain S E. Covered with Snow which we call Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon]





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Burns, T., 2007, "Shillapoo Wildlife Area Fish Passage and Diversion Screening Scoping Report", Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, May 2007;
  • Kunz, J.P., and Caudill, D., 2003, "Shillapoo Wildlife Area and Mt. St. Helens Wildlife Area Fish Passage and Diversion Screening Prioritization Inventory", Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, June 2003;
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records website, 2013;
  • Washington Geological Survey Bulletin No.17, "A Geographic Dictionary of Washington", 1913;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2017, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
March 2018