Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington"
Includes ... Lyle ... Twin Bridges Museum ... Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2013, Street Scene, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Street scene, Twin Bridges Historical Museum sign, Lyle, Washington. Image taken June 15, 2013.


Twin Bridges Museum ...
The Twin Bridges Historical Museum is located in Lyle, Washington, one block north of Washington State Highway 14 which runs through town.

Image, 2015, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Some of the Exhibits

  • Button Quilt ...
  • Date Nails ...
  • Displays ...
  • Klickitat Wagon Bridge ...
  • Lyle Convict Road ...
  • Major Creek Lumber Company and Hewitt's Landing ...
  • Sheep ...


Button Quilt ...

Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, Button Quilt, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Date Nails ...
What is a date nail?

"Briefly, a date nail is a nail with the date stamped in its head. For example, a nail with a "41" is from 1941. They are usually 2 1/2" long, with 1/4" shanks. Date nails were driven into railroad ties, bridge timbers, utility poles, mine props, and other wooden structures for record keeping purposes. ...

Most date nails are steel, though many are copper, aluminum, malleable iron, or brass. Lengths run from a paltry 3/4" up to 3", with shank diameters running from 1/8" up to 5/16". The nail heads can be round, square, diamond, pentagon, as well as other rarer shapes. Over 2,000 different date nails were used by North American railroads which show the year. Add to that the nails which tell wood, treament, and other information, and toss in all date nails used in poles and other timbers, and the total number of different nails from this continent easily exceeds 3,500. ...

When North American railroads began to experiment with treated ties in the second half of the 1800s, it was not known which chemicals, treament methods, or woods were most economical. They needed some method of keeping track of the lives of ties, so like their European counterparts, they decided to mark them. ...

By the late 1800s American railroads settled on the use of date nails. The oldest known North American date nail is a 97 from the Mississippi River & Bonne Terre. It was in 1899 that major railroads began using nails to date ties with nails ...

By the 1920s nail use was the norm. It peaked in the early 1930s with over a hundred different railroads using date nails in 1931. ..."


Source:    Information signs, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, visited September 2015.


Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, "Date Nails", Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, "Date Nail 39", Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Displays ...

Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Displays, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Displays, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Klickitat Wagon Bridge ...
Before Lyle's Twin Bridges.

Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, Klickitat Wagon Bridge, 1915, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Lyle Convict Road ...
[More]

Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, Lyle Convict Road, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
135-foot-high wall and work being done at Rocky Point, Lyle Convict Road, Display, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Display, Lyle Convict Camp, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Inside the compound, Lyle Convict Camp, Display, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Major Creek Lumber Company and Hewitt's Landing ...
[More Major Creek]
[More Hewitt's Landing]

Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"Major Creek Lumber Company" and "Hewitt's Landing", Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


Sheep ...
(to come)

Penny Postcard, Sheep, Klickitat Landing, 1899, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sheep waiting for ferry, Klickitat Landing, Washington, 1899. Penny Postcard, Image 1899, Postcard ca.1910, "Ferrying Sheep, Columbia River, Ore.". Caption for this image on the Oregon Historical Society Webpage is: "Sheep at the ferry, Klickitat Landing. Benjamin Gifford, 1899.". "Klickitat Landing" is today's Lyle, Washington. Published by the International Postcard Company, Portland, Oregon. Card #I-9. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.

"Home made tool to put over the sheep's head to keep them from going through the fences."
Image, 2015, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2015.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. The Penny Postcard today has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Sheep, Klickitat Landing, 1899, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sheep waiting for ferry, Klickitat Landing, Washington, 1899. Penny Postcard, Image 1899, Postcard ca.1910, "Ferrying Sheep, Columbia River, Ore.". Caption for this image on the Oregon Historical Society Webpage is: "Sheep at the ferry, Klickitat Landing. Benjamin Gifford, 1899.". "Klickitat Landing" is today's Lyle, Washington. Published by the International Postcard Company, Portland, Oregon. Card #I-9. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805 ...
A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point], and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows [The Dalles] ...     they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village [vicinity of Dougs Beach]. ...     after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side [high basalt cliffs of the Rowena Gap, with Rowena Crest on the south and the Chamberlain Lake area on the north], containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side [Klickitat River] below which is a village of 11 houses [today the town of Lyle is on the upstream side of the Klickitat], here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows

we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken [passing Mayer State Park on the Oregon side]. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar [Memaloose Island] - The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it- passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island] on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side [Hood River]    a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [Hood River], the falls mountain [Mount Hood] is South and the top is covered with Snow.    one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River], opposit to a large Sand bar [from Hood River], in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek [White Salmon River] it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar [Hood River sandbar] is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, location of the Columbia Gorge Hotel],

[On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".]

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond [today the location of Drano Lake. The Little White Salmon River empties into Drano Lake.] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and went into the houses of those people ...     Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.





Columbia River GorgeReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    See "Lyle" for sources.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/lyle_twin_bridges_museum.html
© 2017, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
October 2015