Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Long Beach, Washington"
Includes ... Long Beach ... Long Beach Peninsula ... Leadbetter Point ... "Tinkerville" ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Long Beach, Washington. "World's Longest Beach". Image taken April 19, 2005.


Long Beach Peninsula and Leadbetter Point ...
The Long Beach Peninsula extends for nearly 30 miles, from just north of Cape Disappointment to Leadbetter Point at it's tip. On the west is the Pacific Ocean and on the east is Willapa Bay.

In November 1805, Captain Clark explored up the peninsula as far as today's Long Beach, Washington. In 1881 H.H. Tinker named the community "Long Beach" when he built a large hotel there, to accomodate Portand residents who wanted to vacation on the Pacific.


Lewis and Clark and Long Beach ...
While neither Captain Lewis nor Captain Clark made it the distance up the Long Beach Peninsula, on November 19, 1805, Captain Clark named today's Leadbetter Point as "Point Lewis".

"... after takeing a Sumptious brackfast of venison which was rosted on Stiks exposed to the fire, I proceeded on through ruged Country of high hills and Steep hollers on a course from the Cape N 20° W. 5 miles on a Direct line to the Commencement of a Sandy Coast which extended N. 10° W. from the top of the hill above the Sand Shore to a Point of high land distant near 20 miles. this point I have taken the Liberty of Calling after my particular friend Lewis- at the commencement of this Sand beech the high lands leave the Sea coast in a Direction to Chinnook river, and does not touch the Sea Coast again <untill> below point Lewis leaveing a low pondey countrey, maney places open with small ponds in which there is great numbr. of fowl     I am informed that the Chinnook Nation inhabit this low countrey and live in large wood houses on a river which passes through this bottom Parrilal to the Sea coast and falls into the Bay     I proceeded on the Sandy Coast 4 miles, and marked my name on a Small pine, the Day of the month & year, &c. and returned to the foot of the hill, from which place I intended to Strike across to The Bay, ..." [Clark, November 19, 1806]

Early Long Beach ...
An early name for Long Beach was "Weather Beach".

From the 1889 U.S. Coast Survey "Coast Pilot":

"... The bold cliffs of Cape Disappointment, after extending two and a half miles to the northwest, change suddenly to a low, broad, sandy beach running in an almost straight line north twenty-three and a half degrees west (N.23 1/2o W.) for nineteen and a half miles to the southern point of the entrance to Shoalwater Bay. The recession from the straight line is barely half a mile to the eastward. This beach is known as the "Weather Beach", and is the ocean front of the Peninsula, which is the western shore of Shoalwater Bay, and which has an average width of one and a half miles to Leadbetter Point. ... A little north of Cape Disappointment there is a cluster of houses just back from the beach; and five or six miles farther north there is another cluster of houses. These are the only houses visible from seaward along the whole line of the peninsula (1885). ..."

From Larry J. Weathers in The Sou'wester (1989, Pacific County Historical Society and Museum):

"... LONG BEACH: A Pacific Ocean resort / city on Highway 103. On November 1, 1880, Henry Harrison Tinker purchased one square mile of a sandy swamp, bordering an unbroken 21-mile long "weather beach" on the Pacific Ocean. It was Tinker's dream to develop a resort on his property which would attract travelers year around. To this end he laid out lots and blocks (with park areas reserved for picnics), named streets, started the process of filling lowlands, and advertised the availability of lots in "Tinker's Addition to Long Beach" in Portland newspapers. Tinker also built the Long Beach Hotel for those who couldn't afford to buy one of the tent-sized lots or were "just passing through". Tinker's subdivision was popular with Portland residents almost immediately. Camping tents, summer cottages, and commercial ventures popped up everywhere. Residents and visitors called the resort "Tinkerville" for many years but the post office department recognized the name Long Beach when a post office was established January 25, 1887. Long Beach has been a popular beach resort community, for over 100 years. The town was incorporated in 1922. ..."

Views ...

Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Long Beach looking north. Image taken April 19, 2005.
Image, 2005, Pacific Ocean, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"The Birds". Pacific Ocean at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Kites, Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Pacific Ocean, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Dunes with grasses, Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Pacific Ocean, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pacific Ocean. Pacific Ocean at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pacific Ocean. Pacific Ocean at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Boardwalk, Long Beach, Washington. View looking north. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Boardwalk, Long Beach, Washington. View looking north. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hotels, Long Beach, Washington. View from the Boardwalk. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Long Beach, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Beach house, Long Beach Peninsula, Washington. Image taken April 19, 2005.


Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery II ...
"Destination: The Pacific" ...

Throughout the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial a group of organizations are hosting "National Heritage Signature Events" to commemorate Lewis and Clark. Oregon and Washington will host one of these events: "Destination: The Pacific". Signature Event activities take place from the Long Beach Peninsula in Washington to Cannon Beach in Oregon.
[More]

Image, 2005, Destination: The Pacific, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Corps of Discovery II. Image taken at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Destination: The Pacific, Captain Lewis, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Captain Lewis. Image taken at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Destination: The Pacific, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Corps of Discovery II. Image taken at Long Beach, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Aerial, Long Beach, Washington, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Aerial, Long Beach, Washington, ca.1920. Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Airplane view of Long Beach, Wash.". Image by Brubaker Aerial Surveys. Published by Wesley Andrews, Portland, Oregon. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 19, 1805, first draft ...
began to rain a little before day and Continued raining untill 11 oClock I proceeded on thro emencely bad thickets & hills crossing 2 points to a 3rd on which we built a fire [one of these points in the location of North Head Lighthouse] and Cooked a Deer which Jos. Field Killd. from this point I can See into a Deep bend in the coast to the N. E. <N 40° E> fr 10 miles. after Brackfast I proceeded on N. 20 E. 5 miles to Comcement a lage Sand bar at a low part ponds a little off from the Coast here the high rockey hills end and a low marshey Countrey Suckceed. I proceeded up the Course N. 10° W. 4 miles & marked my name & the Day of the Month on a pine tree [vicinity of todays Long Beach] the waters which Wash this Sand beach is tinged with a deep brown Colour for Some distance out. The Course Contd. is N. 20° W. low Coast and Sand beech, ...     I then returned to the Cape [Cape Disappointment] & dined ...     passed a nitch in the rocks below into which falls a Stream, after Dinner I Set out on my return S. E. passed over a low ridge & thro a piney countrey 2 ˝ miles to the Bay [Baker Bay], thence up the Bay to the mouth of the Chen-nook River [mistake, was the Wallacut River, west of the Chinook River] Crossed in the Canoe we had left there & Encamped on the upper Side     The Hills in the point of this bay [Ilwaco, Washington] are not high, & imedeately below this River the present yellow Bluffs [Yellow Bluffs]- above the River and up for about 2 miles the land is low Slashey and Contains much drift wood, the Countrey up this Creek is low with <places or> Copse of high land or as I may Say elevated. ...



Clark, November 19, 1805 ...
after takeing a Sumptious brackfast of venison which was rosted on Stiks exposed to the fire, I proceeded on through ruged Country of high hills and Steep hollers [including today's North Head, Deadmans Hollow, and Beards Hollow] on a course from the Cape [Cape Disappointment] N 20° W. 5 miles on a Direct line to the Commencement of a Sandy Coast [Long Beach Peninsula] which extended N. 10° W. from the top of the hill above the Sand Shore to a Point of high land distant near 20 miles [Leadbetter Point]. this point I have taken the Liberty of Calling after my particular friend Lewis— at the commencement of this Sand beech the high lands leave the Sea coast in a Direction to Chinnook river [Chinook or Wallacut River] , and does not touch the Sea Coast again <untill> below point Lewis [Leadbetter Point] leaveing a low pondey countrey, maney places open with small ponds in which there is great numbr. of fowl     I am informed that the Chinnook Nation inhabit this low countrey and live in large wood houses on a river which passes through this bottom Parrilal to the Sea coast and falls into the Bay



I proceeded on the Sandy Coast 4 miles, and marked my name on a Small pine, the Day of the month & year, &c. [near the location of present day Long Beach] and returned to the foot of the hill, from which place I intended to Strike across to The Bay [Baker Bay], ...     after Dineing on the remains of our Small Deer I proceeded through over a land S E with Some Ponds [possibly one being Black Lake] to the bay [Baker Bay] distance about 2 miles, thence up to the mouth of Chinnook river [mistake, the Wallacut River, west of the Chinook River] 2 miles, crossed this little river in the Canoe we left at its mouth and Encamped [Wallacut River] on the upper Side in an open Sandy bottom— The hills [Ilwaco, Washington area] next to the bay [Baker Bay] Cape disapointment [Cape Disappointment] to a Short distance up the Chinnook river [Wallacut River] is not verry high thickly Coverd. with different Species of pine &c. maney of which are large, I observed in maney places pine of 3 or 4 feet through growing on the bodies of large trees which had fallen down, and covered with moss and yet part Sound. ...



Ordway, November 19, 1805 ...
cloudy a light Sprinkling of rain the later part of last night we proceeded on the coast over high rough hills Some places prarie and bald hills. one of the hunters killed a Deer. we halted and eat a part of the Deer and went on over a verry bad rough way along the coast. high towers of rocks Standing out in the edge of the ocean. we got over these rough hills the country appears low further on the coast. So we went on the Sand beach about 10 miles distant [in the vicinity of today's Long Beach] from Cape dissipointment [Cape Disappointment], then turned back, cut across the woods a new way, and Camped at Chi neck River [mistake, actually the Wallacut River, west of the Chinook River] in Hailys bay [Baker Bay].





Journey to the PacificReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society; Pacific County Historical Society website, 2005, "Place Names of Pacific County" by Larry J. Weathers, IN: The Sou'wester, Centennial Edition 1989, vol.XXIV, no.1-4; NOAA Office of Coast Survey website, 2007;

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/long_beach.html
© 2017, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
September 2009