Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington"
Includes ... Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery ...
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.


Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery ...
Prior to the construction of Bonneville Dam in 1938, a limited amount of natural production by anadromous fish occurred in the Little White Salmon River below the falls, a section of the river which has been inundated by the construction of Bonneville Dam. Historically, fall chinook, spring chinook, coho and steelhead are believed to have utilized the area. Currently only hatchery reared fish return to the river. Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery was built in 1896 and is one of the oldest on the Columbia River system. It is operated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is located approximately two miles above Drano Lake and the mouth of the Little White Salmon River near Cook, Washington. The hatchery was modernized as part of the Mitchell Act Program in 1949.
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Early Fish Hatchery ...
"Columbia River salmon returned from the ocean to spawn in such numbers that settlers arriving in the 1840s scarcely believed their eyes. Habitat destruction and the increase of commercial harvest to supply the canneries along the river quickly depleted the river's swimming wealth. Within fifty years, salmon populations dwindled. The Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, established in 1896 to rebuild salmon runs, still operates and is open for public viewing on the northwest side of Drano Lake."


Source:    Broughton Flume Information Sign, Drano Lake Parking, visited March 2013.

Image, 2013, Little White Salmon Fish Hatchery, Drano Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery and the Broughton Flume, closeup from Broughton Flume information sign, Drano Lake, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.

The Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery website (2016) states this photo was from 1898. Presumably the flume shown is one of the two flumes of the Oregon Lumber Company. The Broughton Flume wasn't built until 1923.


Views ...

Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.


... 2004 ...

Image, 2004, Falls and ladder at Little White Salmon Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Falls and ladder at Little White Salmon Fish Hatchery. Image taken November 4, 2004.
Image, 2004, Falls at Little White Salmon Fish Hatchery, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Falls at Little White Salmon Fish Hatchery. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Little White Salmon River at the Fish Hatchery ...

Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Little White Salmon River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Salmon, Little White Salmon River, Washington. Image taken May 9, 2015.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805, first draft ...


Clark, October 29, 1805 ...





Clark, "Estimated Distances", Winter 1805/1806, first draft ...
  • Cataract river [Klickitat River] a few miles below a Village of 7 houses and immediately above one of 11 Houses of the Chilluckittequaw nation
  • Sepulcher Rock [Memaloose Island], opposite to a Village of Hs. of Chil- luckittqs
  • River Labeich [Hood River] opposite to 26 houses of the Smackshop Nation, Houses scattered on the N. side
  • Little Lake Creek [Little White Slamon River], 3 houses of the Smackshop nation
  • Cruzatt's River [Wind River]




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    See Little White Salmon River;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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June 2016