Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Lindsey Creek and Falls, Oregon"
Includes ... Lindsey Creek ... Lindsey Pond ... Lindsey Creek Falls ... Harrison Falls ... Lindsey Creek State Park ... Old Wagon Road Historical Area ... Lindsey Inn ...
Image, 2013, Lindsey Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Lindsey Creek, Oregon. Image taken _____.
(image to come)


Lindsey Creek, Lindsey Creek Falls, and Lindsey Pond ...
Lindsey Creek was named for John Lindsey, an early homesteader. The creek heads at North Lake and flows northeast into the Columbia River at Lindsey Pond, 2.5 miles north of Mount Defiance. The mouth is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 159.

According to the Northwest Waterfall Survey website (Bryan Swan, "waterfallsnorthwest.com", 2013), Lindsey Creek Falls is 50 feet high with two drops, the longest being 40 feet. The falls is located at the 396-foot elevation.

Lindsey Pond is separated from the Columbia by a levee for the Union Pacific Railroad tracks. Upstream of Lindsey Creek is Wonder Creek (and Lancaster Falls) and Starvation Creek and State Park (and Starvation Creek Falls). Downstream is Summit Creek and Shellrock Mountain.


Lewis and Clark and Lindsey Creek Falls ...
On October 30, 1805, Captain Clark wrote about four cascades on the Oregon side.

"... Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side,    a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees [Submerged Forest] are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with ..." [Clark, October 30, 1805]

The possiblities for those four falls are - upstream to downstream in a two-mile stretch - Starvation Creek and Falls, the seasonal Cabin Creek and Falls, Warren Creek and Falls, Wonder Creek and Lancaster Falls, Lindsey Creek and Falls, and Summit Creek and Falls.


Early Lindsey Creek ...
According to Oregon Geographic Names (McArthur and McArthur, 2003):

"This stream east of Wyeth is reported to have been named for one John Lindsey, who took up a claim near the creek. Lindsey is said to have taken part in the battle at the Cascades in 1856, and was wounded therein. He was at one time a fireman on one of the river steamers. The Union Pacific Railroad had a station named Lindsey nearby in the 1930s."

The 1881 Cadastral Survey map (tax survey) shows Lindsey Creek but it is not named.

The U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Lindsey Creek" the official name in 1995.


Lindsey Creek State Park and Old Wagon Road Historical Area ...
Lindsey Creek State Park:

"The first land in this park was 19.5 acres at a cost of $6,000, transferred to the Parks Division from the Right of Way Division. It was part of a tract purchased from Dan and Ruth Harper on November 17, 1943. Four additional tracts were acquired, one of which was a gift of 4.71 acres from Ruby Wells Mead on September 25, 1951, and the other three, containing a total of 110.8 acres, were transferred to the Parks from the Right of Way Division. The park contained a total of 135.01 acres at the close of 1963."

Source:    Chester H. Armstrong (compiler), 1965, "History of the Oregon State Parks: 1917-1963, published by Oregon State Parks.


Historic Columbia River Highway ...
[More Historic Columbia River Highway]
[More HCRH Route]

  • HMP 55.75 ... Lindsey Creek Bridge (1916)
  • HMP 56.50 ... Warren Creek Bridge (1916)
  • HMP 57 ... Starvation Creek/Starvation Creek State Park

  • Lindsey Creek Bridge (1916):   "Reinforced concrete slab span, 18 feet in length. Destroyed about 1950." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

  • Warren Creek Bridge (1916):   "Reinforced concrete slab span, with 60 degree skew, 18 feet in length. Destroyed about 1950." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Lindsey Inn ...
Lindsey Inn was one of the Historic Columbia River Highway roadhouses which flourished along the Highway in the early 1900s.


Lindsey Inn
and
Garage
56 Miles from Portland and 12 Miles from Hood River
Summer Camp for the Outing Season
Meals, Soft Drinks, Cigars, etc.
TIRES     OILS     GASOLINE     REPAIRS
SERVICE CAR
A.W. MOHR, Proprietor
Phone Lindsey



Source:    Advertisement appearing in "Official Columbia Highway Tour", 1916, Published by The Scenic Tours Company, Portland, Oregon.

Harrison Falls and the Harrison Auto Camp ...
From Bryan Swan, "waterfallsnorthwest.com" website (2013):

"... Early postcards have this waterfall captioned as "Harrison Falls", or "Harrison Falls near Harrison Auto Camp, Columbia River Highway". I suspect this is simply a historic unofficial naming. ..."

From Doug Gorsline, "ashcreekimages.com" website (2013):

"... This waterfall was called Harrison Falls early in the 20th century. After the original Columbia River Scenic Highway was built, a number of auto camps were built along the new road. The one that operated at Lindsey Creek was known as Harrison's Auto Camp. No trace of it remains. ... "


Lindsey Creek State Park in 1965 ...
LINDSEY CREEK STATE PARK

Lindsey Creek State Park is located on the south side of Columbia River Highway (Interstate 80N), 14 miles west of the city of Hood River in Hood River County.

The first land in this park was 19.5 acres at a cost of $6,000, transferred to the Parks Division from the Right of Way Division. It was part of a tract purchased from Dan and Ruth Harper on November 17, 1943. Four additional tracts were acquired, one of which was a gift of 4.71 acres from Ruby Wells Mead on September 25, 1951, and the other three, containing a total of 110.8 acres, were transferred to the Parks from the Right of Way Division. The park contained a total of 135.01 acres at the close of 1963.

Preservation of the aesthetic value of that portion of the Columbia River Gorge prompted acquisition of the park land.

The Highway Commission gave to the Corps of Engineers, in February, 1940, the flowage rights of that portion of the park which would be covered by backwater from Bonneville Dam.

The park was named for Lindsey Creek which flows into the Columbia River at the park. McArthur says the stream is reported to have been named for one John Lindsey, who took up a claim near the creek. Lindsey was at one time a fireman on one of the river steamers.

Improvements consist of a small roadside picnic area with tables, stoves, benches, water and sanitary facilities. Overnight camping facilities have not been provided.

Attendance during 1962 totaled 38,628 day visitors. No count was made in 1963."


Source:    Chester H. Armstrong (compiler), 1965, "History of the Oregon State Parks: 1917-1963, published by Oregon State Parks.



From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 30, 1805 ...
A cool morning, a moderate rain all the last night, after eating a partial brackfast of venison we Set out [from their camp near Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River]     passed Several places where the rocks projected into the river & have the appearance of haveing Seperated from the mountains and fallen promiscuisly into the river, Small nitches are formed in the banks below those projecting rocks which is comon in this part of the river, Saw 4 Cascades caused by Small Streams falling from the mountains on the Lard. Side,

[The possiblities in a two-mile area are - upstream to downstream - Starvation Creek and Falls, the seasonal Cabin Creek and Falls, Warren Creek and Falls, Wonder Creek and Lancaster Falls, Lindsey Creek and Falls, and Summit Creek and Falls.]

a remarkable circumstance in this part of the river is, the Stumps of pine trees [Submerged Forest]

[The Submerged Forest existed along the reach from above Dog Mountain/Viento Creek on the upstream edge and Wind Mountain/Shellrock Mountain on the downstream edge.]

are in maney places are at Some distance in the river, and gives every appearance of the rivers being damed up below from Some cause which I am not at this time acquainted with [Bonneville Landslide],     the Current of the river is also verry jentle not exceeding 1 1/2 mile pr. hour and about 3/4 of a mile in width. Some rain, we landed above the mouth of a Small river on the Stard. Side [Wind River] and Dined ...   :  here the river widens to about one mile large Sand bar in the middle, a Great [rock] both in and out of the water, large <round> Stones, or rocks are also permiscuisly Scattered about in the river, ...     The bottoms above the mouth of this little river [Wind River] <which we Call> is rich covered with grass & firn & is about 3/4 of a mile wide rich and rises gradually, below the river (which is 60 yards wide above its mouth) the Countery rises with Steep assent. we call this little river <fr Ash> New Timbered river from a Speces of Ash <that wood> which grows on its banks of a verry large and different from any we had before Seen, and a timber resembling the beech in bark <& groth> but different in its leaf which is Smaller and the tree smaller. passed maney large rocks in the river and a large creek on the Stard. Side in the mouth of which is an Island [Rock Creek near Stevenson, Washington], passed on the right of 3 Islands <on> near the Stard. Side, and landed on an Island close under the Stard. Side at the head of the great Shute [head of the Cascades Rapids], and a little below a village of 8 large houses on a Deep bend on the Stard. Side, and opposit 2 Small Islands imediately in the head of the Shute, which Islands are covered with Pine, maney large rocks also, in the head of the Shute. Ponds back of the houses, and Countrey low for a Short distance. The day proved Cloudy dark and disagreeable with Some rain all day which kept us wet. The Countary a high mountain on each Side thickly Covered with timber, Such as Spruc, Pine, Cedar, Oake Cotton &c. &c.     I took two men and walked down three miles to examine the Shute and river below proceeded along an old Indian path, passd. an old village at 1 mile [vicinity of Ice House Lake] ...     I found by examonation that we must make a portage of the greater perpotion of our Stores 2 1/2 miles, and the Canoes we Could haul over the rocks, I returned at Dark ...     a wet disagreeable evening, the only wood we could get to burn on this little Island on which we have encamped [near Ashes Lake, the island is now under the waters of the Bonneville Reservoir. Ashes Lake was near the head of the Cascade Rapids. Across from Ashes Lake is Cascade Locks, Oregon.] is the newly discovered Ash, which makes a tolerable fire. we made fifteen miles to daye





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Armstrong, C.H., (compiler), 1965, "History of the Oregon State Parks: 1917-1963, published by Oregon State Parks;    "ashcreekimages.com" website, Doug Gorsline, 2013;    McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society;    Northwest Waterfall Survey website, 2013, Bryan Swan, "waterfallsnorthwest.com";    University of Oregon Libraries Columbia River Basin Digital Collection, 2013, "Official Columbia Highway Tour", 1916, Published by The Scenic Tours Company, Portland, Oregon;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management's website, 2014, "Land Status and Cadastral Survey Records";    U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System website, 2013;

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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December 2014