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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon"
Includes ... Jantzen Beach Carousel ... "Parker Carousel" ... Jantzen Beach Amusement Park ... National Register of Historical Places ... "Lillie Belle" ... "Amy" ... "Hector" ...
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.


Jantzen Beach Carousel ...
For 42 years the western end of Hayden Island was home to the "Jantzen Beach Amusement Park" featuring a Carousel designed by Charles Wallace Parker (C.W. Parker) for the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. Some of the 72, four-abreast hand-carved horses were fashioned by inmates of the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas. Today the merry-go-round resides within the Jantzen Beach Shopping Center.
[More Jantzen Beach]

Carousel History ...
"The Jantzen Beach SuperCenter Merry-Go-Round was designed and built in 1921 at the C.W. Parker Amusement Company in Leavenworth, Kansas. It was one of the only four "superior style" machines Parker built. This large, four abreast machine was constructed as a "park model" rather than the more commonly manufactured portable machines built for the traveling carnivals. The horses are some of the most elaborate ever carved by the Parker Company and many are unique, one of a kind animals. This 72-horse Merry-Go-Round operated at the Venice Beach, California Pier from 1921 until 1927. It survived a major fire and was put into storage until 1928 when it was then shipped to Jantzen Beach Amusement Park, were it operated for 42 years. The park was razed in 1970 to accommodate building the Jantzen Beach Shopping Center. At that time it was refurbished and rebuilt for its debut in the Center, which opened in September 1972. After operating for 22 years inside the shopping center, the Merry-Go-Round underwent a thorough $500,000 restoration in 1995 and was relocated to become the "center piece" of the new Jantzen Beach SuperCenter."

Source:   Jantzen Beach SuperCenter website, 2006

National Register of Historical Places ...
The "Parker Carousel Museum" website (2006) states there were five large "park" carousels:

"... The Parker "Carry-Us-Alls" (his play on words for carousel) continued to be the most important part of the amusement business. He built hundreds of small traveling carousels that were used by carnivals worldwide. He also built five large extravagant "park" machines, designed to be permanently installed in large amusement parks. Only one of those five is still in existence - - in Jantzen Beach Mall, in Portland, Oregon. ..."

The Parker "Four-Row Park Carousel" was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987 (Structure #87001381).


Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Four abreast", Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
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The "Baby Horses" row, five abreast, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


Carousel Horses ...
The Parker Carousel is located within the Jantzen Beach Shopping Center. Information about the Carousel is posted.

"Merry-Go-Round. Built in Leavenworth, Kan. in 1904 for the St. Louis Worlds Fair, it came to Jantzen Beach in 1924 where it brought joy to thousands of young and old alike in the Amusement Park. With 72 hand-carved horses, over 1500 lights, & hundreds of carvings, this one of a kind antique offers Jantzen Beach Center visitors a beautiful ride into the past." [Jantzen Beach Shopping Center, 2006]

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


"Lillie Belle" ...
According to "The Carousel Shop" at Riverfront Park, Spokane, Washington (2006):

"... 'Lillie Belle' may be considered the most beautiful horse produced by the Parker Carousel Factory. Designed in 1914, a "Lillie Belle" was installed on all their subsequent carousels, including the 1921 C.W. Parker carousel at Jantzen Beach Super Center, in Portland Oregon. The flowing mane, the bunch of grapes on the hip, and the jewelry on the side became the trademarks of this incredibly sculpted horse. ..."

From the Parker Museum website, Leavenworth, Kansas (2006):

"... About 1914, C.W. Parker began to introduce the new stretched leg and long bodied shape to the horses on his carousels that became his best know figures. By 1917 most of the older designs had been phased out. Most carousels from then on had a horse called "Lillie Belle" on every machine produced. Lillie Belle had a bowed head and wild mane with 3 tendrils of mane pulled across the neck on the larger machines. It also had a bunch of grapes on the hip, and originally a lilly and a bell behind the saddle. ..."

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Lillie Belle", Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
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"Lillie Belle", Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Lillie Belle", Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.


The Horses ...

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Saddles and Trappings ...

From the Parker Museum website, Leavenworth, Kansas (2006):

"... C.W. Parker carvings behind the cantle are some of the more interesting carvings found on carousel horses. His standard carvings were hound's heads, roses, tobacco leaves, bull horns, fish, shields, and ears of corn (from his Kansas heritage). He some times carved strange creatures with gnome like features, and large feet, and he went through a stage about 1906, where he carved dragons, fish, birds, and exotic women. But the ear of corn behind the saddle became his best known carving. His horses were the only ones known that had this carving. ..."

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Amy ...

From the Jantzen Beach SuperCenter's "1921 C.W. Parker Carousel" Handout (2006):

"... The carousel was an important part of Amy Lorigan's short life. During her 2-1/2 year battle against cancer, the crousel was often a stop on her way to chemotherapy. She fell in love with the outside row baby horse. After her death in 1987, the horse was officially named in her memory. Her photo is located on the front chest of her horse. ..."

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Amy, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Amy, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


Hector ...

A display case is located near the Parker Carousel (July 2006) giving a history of the carousel and restoration of the carousel horses. On display are 3 wooden horses with pictures of before and after their restoration. One of the horses is "Hector", whose saddle displays the swastika.

"At the time this horse was carved, the swastika still had the positive symbolism that it has had for over 3,000 years. Long before the Nazi's distorted it, the swastika was used by cultures around the world to symbolize prosperity, power, strength and good luck. It has been found in ancient Greece, especially at Troy, and was widely used in China, Persia, Japan, India, Europe and North and South America.

The word 'swastika' comes from ancient Sanskrit - 'su', meaning 'well', and 'asti', meaning 'being'. Not until the mid-1930s, well after this carousel horse was carved, did the swastika take on a negative connotation. (Until 1933, the American 45th Infantry Division used the swastika on its shoulder patches.) The Nazi part adopted the swastika in 1919 as the symbol of their organization and only with the rise of Hitler's power did the symbol take on a negative meaning. The Allies banned the symbol from Germany in 1945 after Germany's defeat in World War II.

Shortly after the end of the war this design on Hector was removed and forgotten. It wasn't until 1995 during the carousel restoration project that the symbol was rediscovered and restored to its original design. Although the designs on Hector find their inspiration in Native American art, the swastika caused a negative public reaction and the decision was made to remove Hector from the carousel permanently. Ironically, the reason that keeps Hector from riding the magnificent carousel he once called home is also the reason that makes him so speical - he is definitely one of a kind. Some suggest that Hector may one day find a place within the Smithsonian Museum in Washington D.C."

Source:   Jantzen Beach SuperStore display case, 2006


Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hector, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Hector's Saddle, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Hector's Saddle, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


Riding the Carousel, October 2006 ...

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Riding the Carousel, Jantzen Beach, Portland, Oregon. View forward from small carriage bench. Image taken October 23, 2006.
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Riding the Carousel, Jantzen Beach, Portland, Oregon. View forward from small carriage bench. Image taken October 23, 2006.
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Riding the Carousel, Jantzen Beach, Portland, Oregon. Looking back at Gene Iwatsubo and Walter Topinka. Gene is on "Lillie Belle". Image taken October 23, 2006.


Designs, Carvings, and Lights ...

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Design and carvings from the top of the Carousel. Image taken July 1, 2006.
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Design and carvings from the top of the Carousel. Image taken July 1, 2006.


"Built by C.W. Parker" ...

Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Design and carvings from inside, with information "Built by C.W. Parker, Leavenworth, Kan, USA". Image taken July 1, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Design and carvings from inside, with information "Built by C.W. Parker, Leavenworth, Kan, USA". Image taken July 1, 2006.


Carriage and Bench ...

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Carriage, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Carriage, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Small bench, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Lion, small bench, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


Paintings ...

The inside supports of the Jantzen Beach Carousel has paintings of the Columbia River, Washington, and Oregon.

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Paintings, North Head Lighthouse and Twin Sisters, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Painting, Mount Hood, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Painting, Crown Point, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Painting, Crater Lake, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.
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Painting, Multnomah Falls, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 9, 2006.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 4, 1805 ...
A cloudy cool morning wind from the West we Set out at 1/2 past 8 oClock [from their camp on the north side of Government Island, approximately across from Fisher's Landing], one man Shannon Set out early to walk on the Island [Government Island] to kill Something, he joined us at the lower point with a Buck. This island is 6 miles long and near 3 miles wide thinly timbered     (Tide rose last night 18 inches perpndicular at Camp) near the lower point of this diamond Island [Government Island] is The head of a large Island Seperated from a Small one by a narrow chanel [Lewis and Clark show two large islands on their maps, both in today's Government Island area], and both Situated nearest the Lard Side, those Islands [even today the Government Island reach is a complex of many islands] as also the bottoms are thickly Covered with Pine &c. river wide, Country low on both Sides; [since 1983 the Interstate 205 bridge crosses Government Island connecting Oregon to Washington]     on the Main Lard Shore a Short distance below the last Island we landed at a village of 25 Houses: [near Portland International Airport]; ...     This village contains about 200 men of the Skil-loot nation ...

at 7 miles below this village passed the upper point of a large Island [Hayden Island] nearest the Lard Side, a Small Prarie [Jolie Prairie, today the location of Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark. Lewis and Clark camp on this prairie on their return] in which there is a pond [one of the many ponds which use to dot this area] opposit on the Stard. here I landed and walked on Shore, about 3 miles a fine open Prarie for about 1 mile, back of which the countrey rises gradually and wood land comencies Such as white oake, pine of different kinds, wild crabs with the taste and flavour of the common crab and Several Species of undergroth of which I am not acquainted, a few Cottonwood trees & the Ash of this countrey grow Scattered on the river bank, ...     joined Capt. Lewis at a place he had landed with the party for Diner. ...

dureing the time we were at dinner those fellows Stold my pipe Tomahawk which They were Smoking with [Tomahawk pipe, thus giving rise to the name Tomahawk Island] ...    we proceeded on

[The men have passed through the area which, 20 years later, Dr. John McLoughlin would choose for a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company, later to become Fort Vancouver and eventually the city of Vancouver, Washington.]

met a large & a Small Canoe from below, with 12 men the large Canoe was ornimented with Images carved in wood the figures of <man &> a Bear in front & a man in Stern, Painted & fixed verry netely on the <bow & Stern> of the Canoe, rising to near the hight of a man [Lewis and Clark then named Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island"]     two Indians verry finely Dressed & with hats on was in this canoe passed the lower point of the Island [Hayden Island] which is nine miles in length haveing passed 2 Islands on the Stard Side of this large Island [the location of Vancouver Landing and since 1917 the Interstate 5 Bridge connecting Oregon to Washington State], three Small Islands at its lower point [The downstream end of Hayden Island was at one time composed of small islands. One of these, Pearcy Island, would become today's Kelley Point.]. the Indians make Signs that a village is Situated back of those Islands on the Lard. Side and I believe that a Chanel is Still on the Lrd. Side [it wasn't until Lewis and Clark's return trip they would discover the mouth of the Willamette River] as a Canoe passed in between the Small Islands, and made Signs that way, probably to traffick with Some of the nativs liveing on another Chanel, at 3 miles lower [Sauvie Island is located at this stretch, but it is not until the return that Lewis and Clark recognize it as a separate island], and 12 Leagues below quick Sand river [Sandy River] passed a village of four large houses on The Lard. Side [on Sauvie Island], near which we had a full view of Mt. Helien [Mount St. Helens, Washington] which is perhaps the highest pinical in America from their base it bears N. 25 E about 90 miles- This is the mountain I Saw from the Muscle Shell rapid [Umatilla Rapids, Captain Clark actually saw Mount Adams] on the 19th of October last Covered with Snow, it rises Something in the form of a Sugar lofe- about a mile lower passed a Single house on the Lard. Side, and one on the Stard. Side, passed a village on each Side and Camped near a house on the Stard. Side [Post Office Lake vicinity, today within the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge] we proceeded on untill one hour after dark with a view to get clear of the nativs who was constantly about us, and troublesom, finding that we could not get Shut of those people for one night, we landed and Encamped on the Stard. Side ...

This evening we Saw vines much resembling the raspberry which is verry thick in the bottoms. A range of high hills at about 5 miles on the Lard Side [Portland's West Hills'] which runs S. E. & N W. Covered with tall timber the bottoms below in this range of hills and the river is rich and leavel, Saw White geese with a part of their wings black. The river here is 1 miles wide, and current jentle. opposite to our camp on a Small Sandy Island [one of the small sandy islands prevelent in this stretch of the Columbia. Today the Willow Bar Islands on the east side of Sauvie Island lie across from Post Office Lake.] the brant & geese make Such a noise that it will be impossible for me to Sleap. we made 29 miles to day





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: Center for Columbia River History website, 2006; Jantzen Beach SuperCenter Handout, 2006, "1921 C.W. Parker Carousel"; Jantzen Beach SuperCenter website, 2006; "PDXHistory.com" website, 2006; Parker Museum website, Leavenworth, Kansas, 2006; "The Carousel Shop", Riverfront Park, Spokane, Washington, website, 2006.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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July 2011