Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
Image, Russell, and Russell Landing, Vancouver, Washington"
Includes ... Image ... Image Canoe Island ... Russell ... Russell Landing ... Russell's Landing ...
Image, 2011, SE Image Road, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, SE Image Road, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken July 3, 2011.


Image, Washington ...
"Image" was a small Vancouver, Washington, community located on the bank of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 111, and located in T1N R2E, Section 3. Upstream is Ellsworth, the Interstate 205 Bridge, and the Vancouver Trout Hatchery. Downstream is Lieser Point, Wintler Park, Tidewater Cove, and Ryan Point. Directly across the Columbia River from Image is the Portland International Airport. Image at one time was known as "Russell Landing".

Image, 2011, Image area, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
End of the road, Image area, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken July 3, 2011.


Hudson's Bay Company's Gristmill ...
A Hudson's Bay Company gristmill was built on Mill Creek near the location of today's Image, Washington. Mill Creek was said to have four falls within a short distance of one another, and each fall could produce between twenty-one and twenty-four horse power. All of the falls were situated within a half mile stretch of the stream and were so placed that a mill could be put along them "every fifty yards," or they could all be employed to operate one mill.
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Early Image ("Russell Landing") ...
In 1917 H. Landes wrote in "A Geographic Dictionary of Washington" (1917, Washington State Geological Survey, Bulletin No.17):

"Image ... A station on the S.P. & S. Ry., 5 miles east of Vancouver, in south central Clarke County; elevation, 47 feet. (Formerly Russell Landing.)"

In 1923 E.S. Meany wrote in "Origin of Washington geographic names" (1923, University of Washington Press):

"Image ... in Clarke County, five miles east of Vancouver. It was formerly known as Russell Landing. The name was given on account of an island in the river having received the name of Image Canoe Island, from Lewis and Clark in 1805. (L.C. Gilman, in Names MSS., Letter 590."

In 1985 Robert Hitchman wrote in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington State Historical Society):

"Image (T2N R2E, Sections 32,33) ... Suburb on the north bank of Columbia River, 4 miles east of Vancouver, south central Clark County. The name is a shortened version of Image Canoe Island, which was the name applied to a nearby island in 1905 by Lewis and Clark. An earlier name for the town was Russell Landing."

Note: "Image Canoe Island" is today's Hayden Island, located across the Columbia from Image.

Early maps of Washington show the development of the early Columbia River communities from Vancouver east to Camas, including Image, Ellsworth, and Fisher.

  • 1883 ... Cram's "Rail road & township map of Washington" shows "Vancouver" and the "Fisher's P.O.".
  • 1889 ... Cram's "Railroad and county map of Washington" shows "Vancouver", "Vancouver Barracks", "Fisher's", and then "La Camas".
  • 1897 ... The Post Route Map of the State of Washington, in operation on the 1st of September, 1897" shows "Vancouver" and "Fisher".
  • 1904 ... Cram's "Map of Washington" shows "Vancouver" and "Vancouver Sta.", "Fisher", and "Camas".
  • 1905 ... The 1905 edition of the 1896 U.S. Geological Survey 1:62500 topographic map for "Portland, Oreg." shows "Vancouver", "Vancouver Barracks", "Russell Landing", "Ellsworth", and "Fishers".
  • 1908 ... The "Railroad Commission Map of Washington, 1908" shows "Vancouver", "Ellsworth", "Fisher", and "La Camas".
  • 1910 ... The "Railroad Commission Map of Washington, 1910" shows "Vancouver", "Image", "Ellsworth", "Fisher", "Kiernan", and "Camas".
  • 1911 ... Cram's "Map of Washington" shows "Vancouver" and "V. Sta.", "Image", "Ellsworth", "Fisher", and "Camas".
  • ca.1922 ... Platt Map for Clarke County (found on "Rootsweb.com") shows "Image", "Ellsworth", and "Fishers".
  • 1925 ... Cram's "Map of Washington" shows "Vancouver", "Ellseworth", "Fisher", and "Camas".
  • 1928 ... The "Railroad Map of Washington, 1928" shows "Vancouver", "McLoughlin", "Image", "Ellsworth", "Fisher", "Prune Hill", and then "Camas".

In 1909 N.H. Darton (U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 387, "Structural Materials in Parts of Oregon and Washington") used both "Russell Landing" [in Plate caption] and "Russells Landing" [in text, p.18]. Plate VIII is captioned "Clay Pit at Russell Landing, 4 miles Above Vancouver, Wash.".


David L. Russell ...
According to the "columbian.com" website (2011, 2015):

"Russell ... In this community about 5 miles east of Vancouver, there was a Russell School for many years. David Russell came to the West Coast via the Isthmus of Panama. He took up a homestead in Battle Ground and lived there until 1882, when he moved to a dairy farm above Washougal. Mr. Russell was the Clark County Territorial Representative from 1873 to 1875. Russell's Landing was at the end of Image Road."

"... Russell was an organizer and first master of the Washougal Grange, the state's oldest in terms of cintinuous existence, and also was prominent in organizing the first state Grange in LaCamas in 1889, two months before statehood. ...

... He took up a homestead in the Battle Ground area in the spring of 1866, cleared away the forest and farmed the property until March 1882. In that year, Russell settled on [a] dairy farm about one mile from Washougal where he milked 30 cows and manufactured butter.

When the Washougal Grange was organized March 31, 1883, Russell became the first master. ...

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database (2015) shows David L. Russell being granted title to 160 acres in T3N R2E, Section 10, on June 20, 1872 (1862 Homestead EntryOriginal). This entry is for Russell's DLC, plotting just south of Battle Ground, west of Washington Highway 503 and north of NE 189th Street.


Views ...

Image, 2011, SE Image Road, Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, SE Image Road, Vancouver, Washington. Image taken July 3, 2011.


Clay Pit

  • Vancouver Brickyard Chronology (from Carl Landerholm, 1960)
  • 1909 ... Russell(s) Landing Clay Pit
  • 1915 ... Russell Landing
  • 1963 ... References to Russell Landing Clay Pit


Vancouver Brickyard Chronology (from Carl Landerholm, 1960
  • 1867 ... "D.B. Armstrong established a brickyard near the present 26th Street and Fruit Valley Road, Vancouver." (from Vancouver Register, September 14, 1867)

  • 1871 ... "The Hidden Brick Co. was founded at Vancouver by L.M. Hidden". (Vancouver Columbian, October 30, 1956)

  • 1873 ... "The Sisters of Charity at Vancouver awards Hidden and Ginder a contract for 300,000 brick for use in their new building." (Morning Oregonian, June 30, 1873)

  • 1888 ... "Reported: "L.M. Hidden has just sold 350,000 of his Vancovuer brick to Puget Sound parties, and he is now loading a scow at the foot of Main Street." (Vancouver Independent, February 15, 1888)

  • 1892 ... "The Washington Vitrified Brick and Tile Company was incorporated. It later engaged in business a few miles above Vancouver at the place known as Image." (Vancouver Independent, July 13, 1892)

  • 1899 ... "Reported that the brick and tile plant at Riverside /later called Image/ began operating. The Diamond Vitrified Brick Co. had bought the Jensen Paving Co." (Vancouver Independent, February 2, 1899)

  • 1904 ... "Reported that the Vitrified Brick Co. at Image had opened a sewer pipe manufactory "the past week" in connection with its brick and tiling operations." (Vancouver Independent, July 28, 1904)

  • 1907 ... "The first station on the North bank road, east of Vancouver, will be established on the Lieser place, near the brick and tile plant. The name will be Image." (Vancouver Independent, December 5, 1907)

  • 1909 ... "Reported that the Hidden Bros. of Vancouver had received a contract for 1,000,000 brick from the Swift Packing Co. for the construction of their packing plant on Columbia Slough." (Vancouver Independent, March 25, 1909)


Russell(s) Landing Clay Pit ... 1909 ...
CLAY:
"Portland region. -- Clays of various kinds occur in the Portland region, and they are utilized to a moderate extent. Brick is the principal product, and in fact the clays of the immediate vicinity of Portland appear not to be useful for anything else. Within a radius of 100 miles, however, clays suitable for terra cotta and other building materials are found, but as yet no special attention has been given them. Brick loams occupy the surface at many places in the wide terrace areas about Portland, and they are burned into brick at several localities. The pits and kilns are mostly in East Portland, areas where the land is not too highly valued for building lots. Brick works of moderate size at Sylvan and in Johnson Gulch west of Portland use a sandy clays from the base of the loess. Many bricks for use in Portland are made at Russells Landing, on the north bank of the Columbia River, 5 miles above Vancouver, where 20 feet of gray brick loam overlies 6 feet thick of purer blue clay; part of the pit is shown in Plate VIII, A. The blue clay has been mixed with shale brought from coal mines in Washington and used for making terra cotta."


Source:    Darton, N.H., 1909, Structural Materials in Parts of Oregon and Washington, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 387;

Image, 1909, Russell Landing Clay Pit, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
HISTORICAL PHOTO, Clay Pit at Russell Landing, as seen ca.1909.

"Clay pit at Russell Landing, 4 miles above Vancouver, Wash., P, terra-cotta clay; B, brick loam." Source: N.H. Darton, 1909, Structural Materials in Parts of Oregon and Washington: USGS Bulletin 387.


Russell Landing ... 1915 ...
"From Vancouver the Columbia is crossed by a new bridge more than a mile in length [Railroad Bridge at Vancouver]. The depth of the river here is 29 feet. The character and the natural sorting of the material of the river bed are well illustrated by the deposits of fine-grained sand dredged opposite Vancouver, of coarse sand opposite Russell Landing, and of gravel opposite Fishers, 9 miles above Vancouver. Halfway across the Columbia River bridge the traveler passes into the State of Oregon."


Source:    Diller, J.S., 1915, Guidebook of the western United States: part D, The Shasta route and coast line.


Russell Landing Clay Pit ... 1963 ...
p.33   "... The stratified claystone and siltstone formerly exposed in the old clay pit at Russell Landing, in the SW 1/4 SW 1/4 sec. 33, T.2N., R.2.E. (Darton, 1909, p.18), prior to grading operations for the relocation of U.S. Highway 830 in 1953 [note: today's Evergreen Highway] ..."

p.106   "Clay from the Troutdale formation near Russell Landing formerly was used in the manufacture of brick and terra cotta (Darton, 1909, p.18). This pit has long been abandoned and has been filled in for a new highway grade."


Source:    Trimble, D.E., 1963, Geology of Portland, Oregon, and Adjacent Areas: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1119.



From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 4, 1805 ...




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • "Columbian.com" website, 2011, "Names in Clark County";
  • Darton, N.H., 1909, Structural Materials in Parts of Oregon and Washington, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 387;
  • Diller, J.S., 1915, Guidebook of the western United States: part D, The Shasta route and coast line;
  • Hitchman, R., 1985, "Place Names of Washington", Washington State Historical Society;
  • Landerholm, C., 1960, "Vancouver Area Chronolgy, 1784-1958", Vancouver, Washington;
  • Landes, H., 1917, "A Geographic Dictionary of Washington", Washington Geological Survey Bulletin No.17;
  • Meany, E.S., 1923, "Origin of Washington Geographic Names", University of Washington Press, Seattle;
  • "Rootsweb.com" website, 2011;
  • Trimble, D.E., 1963, "Geology of Portland, Oregon, and Adjacent Areas", U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1119;
  • Washington State University Libraries, Digital Collections, "Early Washington Maps", 2015;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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February 2018