Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Hood River, Oregon ... Railroads and Depots"
Includes ... City of Hood River ... Hood River ... Hood River Train Depot ... Mount Hood Hotel Annex ... Hood River Hotel ... Mount Hood Railroad Linear Historic District ... The Golden Age of Postcards ... National Register of Historic Places ...
Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.


Hood River Depots ...
Three Railroad Depots existed in Hood River, Oregon.

In 1882 the Oregon - Washington Railway and Navigation Company's (O.W.R. & N.) Hood River Passenger Station and the Union Pacific Railway Depot was built at the foot of First Street. The Mount Hood Hotel (today only the Mount Hood Hotel Annex remains) was located just south of this depot. This depot was razed in 1911 to provide room for the new O.W.R. & N. depot, today the home of the Mount Hood Railroad Company.

"... The depot in Hood River is in a prominent location, one block north of the downtown area and within easy walking distnace of the central buisinees area. ...    The original depot was built simultaneously with the completion of the company's eastern line in 1882. A two story frame building, the original depot had living quarters upstairs and service areas downstairs. The station served the growing valley community for twenty years, until an increase in volume of goods and people created the need for a more commodious depot. The original depot ... was razed in 1911 to make way for the new station. ..." [U.S. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1988, O.W.R. & N. Depot]

Between 1906 and 1910, a 23-mile-long independent railway track known as the "Mount Hood Railroad" was built connecting Hood River with Parkdale. In 1906 their Hood River depot was built east of the O.W.R. & N.'s depot. It was torn down between 1971 and 1972. In 1993 the tracks of this line were listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Mount Hood Railroad Linear Historic District #93001507).

"... The Mount Hood Railroad was a twenty-three mile line built between 1906-1909 that ran between Hood River and Parkdale and carried fruit, timber and passengers. The original Mount Hood Railroad depot was razed in 1971. ..." [U.S. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1988, O.W.R. & N. Depot]

"... Timber, another major industry in Hood River, also prospered by the introduction of the railroad. Prior to rail transportation, logs were floated down tributaries of the Columbia and shipped by steamers out of the Port of Hood River. After the O.R. & N. (O.W.R.&N.) Line reached Hood River the lumber began to be shipped by rail. When the Mount Hood Railroad Company, constructed in 1906-1910 which ran from Hood River to Parkdale was built, the lumber industry started to blossom. The independent line was started by David Eccles of the Oregon Lumber Company who bought a mill at Dee, midway on the line. The lumber was shipped by rail to Hood River connecting with the O.W.R.& N. train line. The Hood River Railroad line also carried passengers and fruit from the valley to Hood River. The Mount Hood Railroad had a separate depot located directly east of the O.W.R. & N. depot which was razed in 1971. Both of the railroad yards were the center of activity and played an important role in the economic development and vitality of the town. ..." [U.S. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1988, O.W.R. & N. Depot]

"... Plans for a Hood River depot were prepared by P.M. Hall-Lewis, a local architect. Ground was broken on the station in May, 1906, for the 19 foot by 45 foot, two-story depot. The lower floor of the depot was divided into two rooms; one for passengers and one other for freight. The upstairs was divided into an office and living quarters for the agent. The Hood River depot was completed for $2,000. ..." [U.S. National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1993, Mount Hood Railroad Linear Historic District]

In 1911 the 1882 O.W.R. & N. depot was razed and the current building was built. This depot is still in existence and now houses the Mount Hood Railroad Company. In 1988 the O.W.R. & N. depot was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Event, Architecture/Engineering, #88001159).


Penny Postcard, Depot, Hood River, Oregon, ca.1900s
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Original two Depots at Hood River, Oregon, (Mount Hood Railroad Depot, front and the O.W.R. & N. Depot, behind) plus the Mount Hood Hotel (background left), ca.1906-1910.
Penny Postcard, "View of Hood River R.R. Depot, O.R. and N. Depot and Mt. Hood Hotel, Hood River, Oregon". Made in Germany, Sprouse & Son, Importers and Publishers, Tacoma, Washington, Card #129143. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Image, 2014, First Hood River Depot, Hood River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"First railroad depot in Hood River", O.W.R.&N. Depot, Photographic exhibit at the Gorge Heritage Museum, Bingen, Washington. The Oregon - Washington Railway and Navigation Company's depot was built in Hood River in 1882. Image taken July 26, 2014.


Mount Hood Railroad Company Depot ...
The Mount Hood Railroad Company's Depot, located at the end of First Street, was once the Oregon - Washington Railway and Navigation Company's (O.W.R. & N.) Hood River Passenger Station and the Union Pacific Railway Depot for Hood River, Oregon. It is a fine example of Craftsman style architecture. In 1988 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Event, Architecture/Engineering, #88001159).

The one-and-one-half story building was the built in 1911 and is situated at the foot of First Street (T3N, R10E, Sec.25). It is oriented with its long axis parallel with the tracks. About 1930 the O.W.R. & N. merged with the Union Pacific Railway and the depot became the Union Pacific Depot. It continued to serve passengers and freight until 1958, with freight hauling continuing after passenger service ended. The Union Pacific surplused the depot in 1984 and in 1987 it was purchased by the Mount Hood Railroad Corporation for use as a headquarters and passenger station.

Today's depot was the second station built in Hood River by the O.W.R. & N. Railroad Company. The original depot was built in 1882 with the completion of the company's (then the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company (O.R. &N.)) eastern tracks. This building was a two-story frame building with living quarters upstairs and service areas downstairs. In 1910 the O.W. & N. merged it's Oregon and Washington lines together creating the O.W.R. & N. In 1911 this company razed the original depot to make way for the new station. The new station was built at the location of the old station.

"... Circa 1930, the Union Pacific merged with the O.W.R. & N., taking control over the lines and depot. The U.P. name slowly started to replace the O.W.R. & N. name throughout the state. The depot in Hood River functioned as both a freight and passenger line for the Union Pacific until 1958, when the passenger line was discontinued. In 1968 the Union Pacific expanded their holdings in the Hood River Valley and purchased the Mount Hood Railroad Company. The Mount Hood Railroad was a twenty-three mile line built between 1906-1909 that ran between Hood River and Parkdale and carried fruit, timber and passengers. The original Mount Hood Railroad depot, a separate station located east of the O.W.R. & N. Company depot, was razed in 1971. The Union Pacific depot served both the Mount Hood Railroad Line and the main Union Pacific Line until 1984 when it closed down. The depot was purchased by the Mount Hood Railroad Corporation in November 1987. ..."

Source:    National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Hood River Depot #88001159.


Image, 2013, Mount Hood Railroad Depot, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood Railroad Depot, Hood River, Oregon. View from the east. Image taken March 18, 2013.
Image, 2013, Mount Hood Railroad Depot, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood Railroad Depot, Hood River, Oregon. View from the east. Image taken March 18, 2013.


Mount Hood Railroad and the Mount Hood Railroad Linear Historic District ...
The Mount Hood Railroad was initially incorporated October 1905 and opened for business in May 1906, with the tracks running from Hood River to Dee. By 1909 the tracks extended to Parkdale, a distance of 21 miles. In 1968 the Union Pacific acquired the line, operating it until 1987 when they sold the line to local investors where it was reorganized under the original name. In 2008 the line was again sold, this time to the Chicago-based Iowa Pacific Holdings. Today the railroad offers four-hour scenic tours through the Hood River Valley and narrated historic excursion train tours, as well as special events. There are views of Mount Hood and Mount Adams along with the surrounding orchards and farmland of the Hood River Valley. In 1994 the old Mount Hood Railroad line between Hood River and Parkdale, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Industry, Agriculture, Transportation #93001507).

Mt. Hood Railroad Linear Historic District (1906 - 1944):
Historic right-of-way from the northern terminus at Hood River to the southern terminus at Parkdale, containing 165 acres, all in Hood River County, Oregon.

"The Mount Hood Railroad linear historic district encompasses 22.13 miles of the Mount Hood Railroad main line extending from Hood River, Oregon, to Parkdale, Oregon, in Hood River County. All of the original Mount Hood Railroad main line is included in the nominated area. The railroad, constructed between 1906 and 1910, passes through the communities of Hood River, Pine Grove, Odell, Winans, Dee, and Parkdale.

The railraod retains its original alignment with the exception of a few sections where the roadbed has been washed out and subsequently realigned. The main line roadbed is generally in good condition. The original rails were replaced with 100 pound rail during the historic period in 1939 and 1944. One third of the ties were replaced in 1975 during the Union Pacific's ownership. ...

Contributing resources within the proposed linear district include the railroad main line and an original passenger bus called the "jitney". The jitney is the only rolling stock original to the Mt. Hood Railroad. The Hood River depot, originally owned by the O.R.& N. Company Railroad and built in 1911, is included in the nominated area because of its close association with the Mt. Hood Railroad and its current use by the company. The depot, however, is not counted as a contributing resource int he district nomination because of its previous 1988 listing in the National Register of Historic Places. There are two non-contributing buildings in the district which are both located in the Hood River yards; a clay tile building used by the Army Corps of Engineers for a pumping station and a small maintenance shed once used as the Pacific Fruit Express Company office. The railroad, in its entirety, is owned by the Mt. Hood Railroad Company with the exception of an approximate 1.0 miles section which is owned by Dee Forest Products, In.c (the Mt. Hood Railroad has an easement through the Dee Mill site). ...

The main line of the Mt. Hood Railroad was built in two distinct phases. The first section was constructed from Hood River to Dee, Oregon in 1906. Dee was the site of the Oregon Lumber Company's new lumber mill. Originally conceived as a logging railroad for the Oregon Lumber Company's timber operations, the railroaad soon served passengers, mills, fruit growers, and farmers along the route. The extension of the railroad from Dee to Parkdale was completed in 1910 and stretched south into the Hood River Valley six more miles for a total distance of 21.13 miles. ...

Stations were generally located at settlements, mill sites, or fruit packing/cold storage warehouses. Stations included sidings and platforms, depots or station houses, and wyes or loops. ... Established stations along the Mount Hood Railroad main line were Powerdale, the Switchbacks, Sears Wye, Pine Grove, Odell, Mohr, Lentz, Odell, Duke's Valley, SUmmit, Bloucher Spur, Holstein, Winans, Dee, Trout Creek, Camp No.1, Woodworth, and Parkdale."


Source:    National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, Mt. Hood Railroad Linear Historic District, 1993, #93001507.



Trestle over Highway 35 ...
"At the top of the switchbacks (MP 3.5), the railroad crosses over Hwy 35. A new bridge replaced the original wooden trestle that spanned Whisky Creek and the road. The new bridge is constructed of steel and concrete with the exception of wooden bents at the ends and a wooden railing."


Source:    National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, Mt. Hood Railroad Linear Historic District, 1993, #93001507.

Image, 2016, Hood River Valley, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood Railroad trestle over Highway 35, Hood River Valley, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.


"Mohr Station" ...
"As the tracks run towards the former Mohr Station (6.62), the land is characterized by rolling hills dotted with orchards and dairy farms. The railroad follows Lentz Creek through the orchards before coming to Mohr Station. A clay tile cold storage warehouse is located at the former station site. The warehouse, located at the intersection of Ehrck Hill Drive, is sited west of the tracks and south of the road. Clay tiles were used in early cold storage warehouses because they were good insulators, keeping the warehouses cool in the summer/fall. The warehouse was built by the Mohr family, early orchardists in the area, first settling in the region in the 1880s. A small wait station, constructed in 1911, and a sideing, once stood at this crossing."


Source:    National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, Mt. Hood Railroad Linear Historic District, 1993, #93001507.

Image, 2016, Hood River Valley, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mohr Station, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River Valley, Oregon. Mohr Station (MP 6.8), looking west from Ehrck Hill Drive. Mohr clay tile cold-storage warehouse building and crossing. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Hood River Valley, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mohr Station, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River Valley, Oregon. Mohr Station (MP 6.8), looking west from Ehrck Hill Drive. Mohr clay tile cold-storage warehouse building and crossing. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Hood River Valley, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mohr Station, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River Valley, Oregon. Mohr Station (MP 6.8), looking south from Ehrck Hill Drive. Mohr clay tile cold-storage warehouse building and crossing. Image taken April 6, 2016.


Mount Hood Railroad ...

Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.
Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.

SLRG 509 dome car (see more below), MH 2920 "Wahkeena" passenger car (formerly RPCX 2920), and engine MH 02.
Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Engine, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.

The MH 02 engine is an EMD GP38-2, four-axle diesel-electric locomotive built in 1969 by General Motors.
Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.

Passenger car MH 1080, the "Timberline", a former HW Harriman coach.


Pullman Car ...

Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Atlantic Coast Line Pullman Coach, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.

The SLRG 5461 coach was built in 1950 by the Pullman Company for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad as a 54-seat long-distance coach.


The Dome Cars ...
According to "alaskarails.org" website, 2013, and the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad ("drgw.net") website, 2013:

The Mount Hood Railroad's dome car SLRG 513 is a bi-level luxury railcar which was built by the Budd Company and delivered to the AT&SF line in 1954. The original car had 57 forward facing seats and 17 lounge seats in the dome and a 28-seat lounge, bar, and traveling nurse's station on the lower level. After changing hands a number of times the #513 ended up in Alaska and went by the name "Talkeetna". In 2009 the #513 was picked up by Iowa Pacific and sent to the Mount Hood Railroad.

The Mount Hood Railroad's dome car SLRG 509 (right in image) was also built by the Budd Company and delivered in 1954 to the AT&SF line. It too changed hands a number of times and eventually ended up being used for parts. In 1993 the #509 itself was rebuilt and ended up in Alaska by 1994. It went by the name "Chena". In 2007 the #509 joined the Iowa Pacific San Luis & Rio-Grande line.

Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Dome cars, Mount Hood Railroad, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken March 18, 2013.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805, first draft ...
a Cloudy morning wind Still from th West not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point] proceeded on about 5 miles and Came too at a Lodge of a Chief which we made at the upper village at th falls about his house there is Six others ...    

N. 55 W. 4 miles
to a Lard. point, pasd a run on Lard Side West 8 miles to Rock Island near the middle of River passed 7 Houses of Indians about 50 men at 1 mile on the Stard Side. Brakfast Those people fish at the last narrows, & have but little pounded fish, Som dried and buries

Those people are friendly gave us to eate fish Beries, nuts bread of roots & Drid beries and we Call this the friendly Village [Dougs Beach] ...    

at 4 miles further we landed to Smoke a pipe with the people of a village of 11 houses [Lyle, Washington area] we found those people also friendly Their Village is Situated imediately below the mouth of a River [Klickitat River] of 60 yards water which falls in on the Stard. Side and heads in the mountains to the N. & N, E, the Indians inform us that this river is long <but> and full of falls no Salmon pass up it. They also inform that 10 nations lives on this river by hunting and on buries &c. The Countrey begin to be thinly timbered with Pine & low white oake verry rocky and hilley- We purchased at this vilg 4 dogs- at the end of this Course is 3 rocks, in the river and a rock point from the Lard. the middle rock is large and has a number of graves on it we call it the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island].     The last River we call Caterack River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians inform is on it The Indians are afraid to hunt or be on th Lard Side of this Columbia river for fear of the Snake Ind. who reside on a fork of this river which falls in above the falls a good Situaion for winter quarters if game can be had is just below Sepulchar rock [Memaloose Island] on the Lard Side, high & pine and oake timber the rocks ruged above, good hunting Countrey back, as it appears from the river Indian village opsd. of 2 Lodgs     river 1/2 mile wide at rocks

S. 60 W. 5 miles
to a point of rocks Island in a Lard bend, passed 2 rocks in the river-     passed 2 Houses at 1 mile on the Stard Side and 2 at 4 miles on the Stard. Side     Countrey on the Lard. Side has more timber than common and looks well for huntg.     high and ruged.-

S. 80 W. 6 miles
to 4 Houses in a point of a timbered bottom on the Lard. Side at a large creek or River 40 yr. [Hood River]     passed a bottom on the Stard Side the distance in which there is 14 Indian houses-     The falls mountain covered with Snow is South [Mount Hood]

S. 70 W. 6 miles
to a high Clift of rocks Std bend [Bingen area] passed a large creek at 1 mile on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River] in which the Indians catch fish, a large Sand bar from the Lard. Side for 4 miles [below Hood River], at which place a small stream of water falls over a rock of 100 feet on the Lard Side [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, the location of today's Columbia Gorge Hotel]     passed 4 Indian Houses at 5 miles in a bottom on the Lard Side ...

S. 56 W. 6 miles
to a point of timbr. bottom on the Lard. Side, passd. a Stard. point at 2 miles Here the mountains are high on each Side, the high points of those to the Lard. has Snow

Came too at 3 miles on this Course at 3 Houses of flatheads and Encamped on the Stard. Side [near Drano Lake and the Little White Salmon River], a Pond lies back of those people in which we Saw great numbers of the Small Swan ...



Clark, October 29, 1805 ...
A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point], and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows [The Dalles] ...     they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village [vicinity of Dougs Beach]. ...     after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side [high basalt cliffs of the Rowena Gap, with Rowena Crest on the south and the Chamberlain Lake area on the north], containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side [Klickitat River] below which is a village of 11 houses [today the town of Lyle is on the upstream side of the Klickitat], here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows

we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken [passing Mayer State Park on the Oregon side]. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar [Memaloose Island] - The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it- passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island] on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side [Hood River]    a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [Hood River], the falls mountain [Mount Hood] is South and the top is covered with Snow.    one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River], opposit to a large Sand bar [from Hood River], in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek [White Salmon River] it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar [Hood River sandbar] is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, location of the Columbia Gorge Hotel],

[On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".]

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond [today the location of Drano Lake. The Little White Salmon River empties into Drano Lake.] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and went into the houses of those people ...     Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.






Clark, April 14, 1806 ...
This morning at 7 oClock we were joined by Sgt. Pryor and they three hunters they brought with them 4 deer which drewyer had killed yesterday. we took brackfast and departed at 9 A. M. [from their camp near Dog Mountain]     the wind rose and <proceeded on> Continued to blow hard all day but not so violent as to prevent our proceeding. we kept Close allong the N. Shore all day. the river from the rapids [Cascade Rapids] to the Commencement of the narrows [The Dalles] is from to of a Mile in wedth, and possesses but little Current. the bead is rock except at the enterence of Labiech's river [Hood River] which heads in Mt. Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] and like the quick Sand River [Sandy River] brings down from thence Vast bodies of Sand     the Mountains through which the river passes nearly to Cataract River [Klickitat River] are high broken rocky, particularly Covered with fir and white Cedar, and in maney places very romantic scences. Some handsom Cascades are Seen on either Side tumbling from the Stupendious rocks of the mountains into the river. I observe near the river the long leafed Pine which increas as we assend and Superseeds the fir altogether about the Sepulchre rock [Memaloose Island]. We find the trunks of maney large pine trees Standing erect as they grew, at present in 30 feet water [Submerged Forest]; they are much doated and none of them vegitateing. at the lowest water of the river maney of those trees are in 10 feet water. the Cause I have attempted to account for as I decended.     at 1 P M. we arrived at a large village Situated in a narrow <village> bottom on the N. Side [between the White Salmon River and Bingen, Washington] a little above the enterance of Canoe Creek [White Salmon River]. their houses are reather detached, and extend for Several Miles. they are about 20 in number. those people Call themselves Wil-la-cum. ...     We halted at this village Dined ...     after dinner we proceeded on our voyage. I walked on Shore with Shabono on the N. Side through a handsom bottom [Bingen area].     met Several parties of women and boys in Serch of herbs & roots to Subsist on maney of them had parcels of the Stems of the Sun flower. I joined Capt Lewis and the party at 6 miles, at which place the river washed the bottom of high Clifts on the N. Side [Bingen Gap]. Several Canoes over take us with families moveing up. we passed 3 encampments and came too in the mouth of a Small Creek [Major Creek] on the N. Side imediately below a village and opposit the Sepulchar rock [Memaloose Island]. this village Consists of about 100 fighting men of Several tibres from the plains to the North Collected here waiting for the Salmon. ...     made [blank] miles





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    See Hood River (City)    plus:   "alaskarails.org" website, 2013;    Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad website ("drgw.net"), 2013;    National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Union Pacific Railway Depot, Hood River, Oregon, #88001159;    National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Mount Hood Railroad Linear Historic District, Hood River, Oregon, #93001507;    Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council website, 2004;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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April 2016