Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Hewlett Point, Washington"
Includes ... Hewlett Point ... "Hewlett's Point" ... "Broughton Point" ...
Image, 2005, Looking towards Hewlett Point, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Frenchmans Bar Park looking towards Hewlett Point. Image taken July 3, 2005.


Hewlett Point ...
Hewlett Point is located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 100, upstream of Frenchmans Bar Park and downstream of Blurock Landing. Across the Columbia on Sauvie Island is a spot known as "Morgan Landing".

Lewis and Clark and Hewlett Point ...
According to the 1973 Vancouver Lake Flood Contol, Environmental Impact Statement:

"The Wakanasi, or Wakanashishi, village site is located opposite Reeder Point by a small slough which formerly connected Shillapoo Lake with Columbia River. The village was occupied by Chief Keasno, whose group had villages on Multnomah Channel and Kalama River. This gorup was nearly exterminated in the epidemic of 1829 to 1834 and the survivors, including Keasno, moved to Wakanasi. A second village site noted by Lewis and Clark on Columbia River was at Hewlett Point, where they saw four wooden houses set in shallow depressions."

On November 4, 1805, Lewis and Clarked camped on the north side of the Columbia River, near the location of today's Post Office Lake, approximately five miles downstream of today's Hewlett's Point. Their route map (Moulton, Vol.1, Map#79) shows "4 wood houses Skil-lute".


Early Hewlett Point ...
Hewlett Point is located in T2N R1W Section 12. To date (August 2016) this web author has been unable to figure out who Hewlett is.

According to the Informational Sign at Frenchmans Bar Park, Hewlett Point was once called "Broughton Point", after William Broughton, of the British Captain George Vancouver Expedition. In 1792 Broughton became the first European to explore the Columbia River.

An 1860 cadastral survey (tax survey) for T2N R1W does not have Hewlett Point labeled. Comparing to a modern topographic map, Section 12 of the cadastral survey shows today's Hewlett Point is located on the Donation Land Claim (DLC) of William Dillon.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database shows William H. Dillon and Harriet Dillon being granted title to 641.85 acres of T2N R1W Sections 1, 2, 11, and 12, on August 27, 1871 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).

The 1888, U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey's "Columbia River Sheet No.6, Fales Landing to Portland" (Chart No.6145) has "Hewlett's Pt." labeled.

The 1897 publication "List of Beacons, Buoys, and Day Marks on the Pacific Coast of the United States (U.S. Government Printing Office) mentions "Outer end of wharf at Hewletts Point".

The 1905 U.S. Geological Survey's topographic map "Portland Quadrangle" shows "Hewlett Pt.".

An undated plat map for Clark County, Washington presumed to be between 1915 and 1925 (found on "rootsweb.com" website (2015)) shows the William Dillon DLC owned by E.M. Dietrich.

In 1914 the U.S. Board Geographic Names made "Hewlett Point" official. A variant on the named in use was "Hewletts Point".


Hewlett's Point, 1903 ...
POST LIGHT CHANGES
Alterations in Aids to Navigation in Lower Columbia

"Captain C.G. Calkins, lighthouse inspector, has issued notice of the following change in aids to navigation in this district:

Dobelbower Landing Post Light -- October 1, 1903, this fixed white-lens lantern light was discontinued, being no longer required owing to change in the channel.

Cottonwood Island Shoal Range Lights -- October 1, 1903, the following described range lights were established to guide through the channel over Cottonwood Island Shoal: ...

Knapp Landing Range Lights -- October 1, 1903, these fixed white lantern lights were discontinued, being no longer required owing to change in the channel.

Reeder Point Post Light -- October 1, 1903, this light was moved about five-eighths of a mile south of its former location, and is now suspended 25 feet above the water, from an arm on a white stake. Tangent to Hewlett's Point, southeast by south. Tangent to South Point McIntyre's Slough, south.

Lower Willow Bar Lower Post Light -- October 1, 1903, a fixed white lantern light, suspended, 22 feet above the water, from an arm on a single pile in the river, was established on the east side of the new cut channel abreast Knapp Landing. Reeder Point, south one-eighth west. Tangent to Halfway Point, northwest three-fourths north.

Lower Willow Bar Upper Post Light -- October 1, 1903, a fixed white lantern light, suspended, 22 feet above the water, from an arm on a single pile in the river, was established on the east side of the new-cut channel abreast Knapp Landing and distant about three-eighths of a mile, south-southeast 1/4 east, from the lower light. Reeder Point, south three-fourths west. Tangent to Halfway Point, north-northwest, three-fourths west.

Upper Willow Bar Range Lights -- October 1, 1903, the following described range lights were established to guide through the channel over Upper Willow Bar: ...


Source:    "Morning Oregonian", October 9, 1903, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016.


Views ...

Image, 2005, Information Sign, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Information Sign, Frenchmans Bar Park. The sign is located at the extreme upstream end of Frenchmans Bar Park, looking towards Hewlett Point. Image taken July 3, 2005.
Image, 2005, Information Sign, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Information Sign, Frenchmans Bar Park, showing Broughton Point. The sign is located at the extreme upstream end of Frenchmans Bar Park, looking towards Broughton Point. Image taken July 3, 2005.
Image, 2005, Barn, Tree, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Barn, Tree, from Frenchmans Bar Park looking towards Hewlett Point. Image taken July 3, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, March 30, 1806 ...
we got under way verry early [from their camp near Wapato Portage] and had not proceeded to the head of the island [Bachelor Island] before we met with the three men of the Clan-nar-min-a-mon's who met us yesterday brackfast at the upper point of the Island [Bachelor Island] we met Several of the Clackstar and Cath-lah-cum-up in two canoes. Soon after we were overtaken by Several Canoes of different tribes who reside on each Side of the river the three above Tribes and the Clh-in-na-ta cathy-lah-nah-qui-up & Cath-lah-com-mah-tup reside on each Side of Wappato inlet [Multnomah Channel] and back of Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] which Island is formed by a Small Chanel which passes from the Lower part of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] into an inlet which makes in from the S W. Side, and receves the water of a Creek which heads with the Kil a mox River. this wappato Island [Sauvie Island] is about 18 or 20 Miles long and in places from 6 to 10 miles wide high & furtile with ponds on different parts of it in which the nativs geather Wappato. nearly opposit the upper point of the Isld. behing which we encamped last night, or on the Wappato Isld. is Several Camps of the nativs catching Sturgion. about 5 miles Still higher up and on the N E. Side we halted for brackfast at the place which We had encamped the 4th of November last [near Post Office Lake, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge]. here we were visited by several canoes of Indians from two Towns a Short distance above on the Wappato Island [Sauvie Island]. the 1st of those Tribes Call themselves Clan-nah-quah and Situated about 2 miles above us, the other about a mile above Call themselves Mult-no-mah ...     at 10 a. m. we Set out and had not proceeded far before we came to a landing place where there was Several large canoes hauled up, and Sitting in a canoe, appearantly waiting our arival with a view to join the fleet indian who was then along Side of us. this man informed he was a Shoto and that his nation resided a little distance from the river. we landed and one of the indians pointed to the Shoto village which is Situated back of Pond [Vancouver Lake] which lies parrelal with the river on the N E. Side nearly opposit the Clan-nah quah village. here we were also joined by Several Canoes loaded with the natives from the Island who Continued to accompany us untill about 4 oClock when they all returned and we proceeded on to the place the Indians Stole my Tomahawk 4th Novr. last [Hayden Island] and Encamped in a Small Prarie ["Jolie Prairie" where Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark would some day be located] above a large Pond on N. E and opposit the Center of image Canoe Island [Hayden Island]. capt Lewis walked out and Saw Several deer. Jo. Field Shot at Elk he killed and brought in a fine duck. ...     we made 22 Miles only to day the wind and a Strong current being against us all day, with rain. discovered a high mountain S E. Covered with Snow which we call Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon]





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: NOAA Office of Coast Survey website, 2005; "Rootsweb.com" website, 2005; U.S. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office (GLO) Records website, 2007; U.S. Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2007.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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August 2016