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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Hayden Island and Jantzen Beach, Oregon"
Includes ... Hayden Island ... "Haydens Island" ... Tomahawk Island ... "Menzies Island" ... "Image Canoe Island" ... North Portland Harbor ... "Oregon Slough" ... "Haydens Slough" ... "Vancouver Island" ... "Shaw's Island" ... Columbia Point ... Jantzen Beach ... Jantzen Beach Amusement Park ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2003, downstream tip Hayden Island from Kelley Point, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hayden Island, downstream tip. Downstream tip of Hayden Island, Oregon, as seen from Kelley Point, Oregon. Image taken September 13, 2003.


Hayden Island ...
Hayden Island is a long narrow island, approximately 4 miles long, which lies along the Oregon shore of the Columbia River. The downstream tip begins at Columbia River Mile (RM) 102.5, just upstream of the mouth of the Willamette River, and Hayden Island's upstream end merges with Tomahawk Island at RM 107. Government Island lies another 3 miles upstream. Directly across from Hayden Island is Vancouver, Washington. The Interstate 5 bridge connects Vancouver with Hayden Island and provides the main route into Portland, Oregon, located 10 miles up the Willamette River.

Lewis and Clark and "Image Canoe Island" ...
Lewis and Clark passed Hayden Island in November 1805, and then camped within sight of Hayden Island on their return in 1806. They called the island "Image Canoe Island", after the highly decorated canoes the local Indians had. On their journey past this area Lewis and Clark had views of Mount Hood and Mount St. Helens. Their campsite of March 30, 1806, was just downstream of Ryan Point, Washington, and across from the center of the Hayden Island of their time. This area would later be called "Jolie Prairie". From there they saw and named Mount Jefferson. On April 2, 1806, Captain Clark passed Hayden Island as he explored six miles up the Willamette River to the location of today's Cathedral Park and St. Johns Bridge and Portland's Terminal 4.

Guy Hayden ...
"Hayden Island" became the "official name" for the island in 1905. "Hayden Island" was named after Guy Hayden, an early Oregon pioneer who emigrated to the Oregon Territory in 1850. When the Donation Land Claim became law, Guy and his wife Mary claimed 640 acres on Hayden Island. They lived on the island for 5 years before moving across the river to Vancouver.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office Records (GLO) database (2015) shows Guy and Mary Jane Hayden being granted title to 644.4 acres of T2N R1E, parts of sections 28, 29, 32, 33, and 34, on March 8, 1866 (1850 Oregon-Donation Act).


Many Names ...
Hayden Island has carried many names throughout the past 200 years, including "Menzies Island", "Image Canoe Island", "McTavish, Joe, and Barclay's Islands", "Shaw Island", "Shaws Island", "Vancouver Island", Haydens Island", and "Hayden Island".

1792, "Menzies Island":
In 1792 Hayden Island was originally called "Menzies Island", named by Lieutenant Broughton, on his exploration of the Columbia River as part of the George Vancouver expedition. Archibald Menzies was the botanist on that expedition.

"... From Belle Vue Point they proceeded in the above direction, passing a small wooded island, about three miles in extent, situated in the middle of the stream. Their route was between this island and the southern shore, which is low; the soundings between its northwest point and the main land were three fathoms, increasing to four, five and six off its southeast point; from whence the river took its course S 75 E. This obtained the name of Menzies' Island, near the east end of which is small sandy, woody island that was covered with wild geese. ..." [Broughton/Vancouver, October 29, 1792]

1805, "Image Canoe Island":
In 1805 Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery called today's Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island", after the highly decorated canoes they observed in the area. The island is named on their route map [Moulton, vol.1, map#79] but is not named on the draft map [map#88].

"... met a large & a Small Canoe from below, with 12 men the large Canoe was ornimented with Images carved in wood the figures of <man &> a Bear in front & a man in Stern, Painted & fixed verry netely on the <bow & Stern> of the Canoe, rising to near the hight of a man. two Indians verry finely Dressed & with hats on was in this canoe passed the lower point of the Island which is nine miles in length haveing passed 2 Islands on the Stard Side of this large Island, three Small Islands at its lower point. the Indians make Signs that a village is Situated back of those Islands on the Lard. Side and I believe that a Chanel is Still on the Lrd. Side ..." [Clark, November 4, 1805]

Early 1800s, "Vancouver Island":
In the early 1800s, the Hudson's Bay Company called the island "Vancouver Island", honoring British Captain George Vancouver, whose exploration of the Columbia River in 1792 traveled 100 miles up the Columbia to an area upstream of today's Hayden Island.

1825, "Menzies Isle":
The 1825 Hudson's Bay Company map of the Columbia River has the island named "Menzies Isle".

1841, "McTavish, Joe, and Barclay's Islands":
In 1841, Wilkes, of the U.S. Exploring Expedition found a grouping of three islands in the area of today's Hayden Island.

"... the river takes a bend to the southeast, increasing in width: McTavish, Joe, and Barclay's Islands lie on its south shore. There is a channel on the south side of these islands, but it is very shallow. ..." [Wilkes, Chapter VII]

1860, 1863, 1888, "Vancouver Island":
The 1860, 1863, and 1888 cadastral survey maps (tax surveys) for T1N R1E have Hayden Island labeled as "Vancouver Island".

1888, "Shaw's Island":
An 1888 plat map of "Clarke County" has Hayden Island named "Shaw's Island" after Col. W. Shaw who had property on the island. The name "Shaw's Island" persisted throughout the end of the 1800s into the early 1900s.

1888, "Haydens Island" and "Oregon Slough":
The 1888 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey's Chart "Columbia River, Sheet No.6, Fales Landing to Portland" has Hayden Island labeled as "Haydens Island" after settler Guy Hayden who had a Donation Land Claim on the island. The channel between Hayden Island and the Oregon shore labeled as "Oregon Slough" (today's North Portland Harbor).

1895, "Haydens Island" and "Haydens Slough":
An 1895 Corps of Engineers map calls the island "Haydens Island" and the channel between Hayden Island and the Oregon shore "Haydens Slough".

1905, "Hayden Island":
In 1905 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made the name "Hayden Island" the official name.


Image, 1852, Detail, Cadastral Survey, Hayden Island and Columbia Slough, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Detail, 1852 Cadastral Survey map for T1N R1E, showing Hayden Island ("Vancouver Island") and the Columbia Slough ("Columbia Bayou"). Original map courtesy U.S. Bureau of Land Management, 2015.


Views ...

Image, 2008, North Portland Harbor, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
North Portland Harbor towards Hayden Island. Image taken September 14, 2008.
Image, 2008, North Portland Harbor, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
North Portland Harbor towards Hayden Island. Image taken September 14, 2008.
Image, 2005, Hayden Island, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hayden Island, Oregon, as seen from Vancouver Landing, Washington. Image taken July 3, 2005.

Hayden Island, etc.

  • Columbia Point ...
  • Jantzen Beach ...
  • North Portland Harbor ...
  • Tomahawk Island ...
  • Views from Hayden Island ...


Columbia Point ...
Columbia Point is the name given to a condominium complex located on the Oregon side of the Columbia, just upstream from the Interstate 5 Bridge. Good views can be had of the Columbia, the I-5 Bridge, Vancouver, Washington, and Columbia Shores - the location of Lewis and Clark's campsite of March 30, 1806.

Jantzen Beach ...
For 42 years the western end of Hayden Island was home to the "Jantzen Beach Amusement Park", also known as "The Coney Island of the West" (see "The Golden Age of Postcards" below). The park opened on May 26, 1928, and, at the time, it was the largest amusement park in the United States. Eventually the park covered more than 123 acres and featured a Carousel, fun house, Big Dipper Roller Coaster, Golden-Canopied Ballroom which attracted big-name bands, four swimming pools, natatorium, 25 acres of picnic grounds, and 15 acres of parking. Over 30 million people visited the park throughout its history. Today the carousel resides within the Jantzen Beach Shopping Center and the pumping system from the swimming pools is used to pump drinking water to residents of Hayden Island. The second span of the Interstate 5 Bridge goes through the area which was once the Jantzen Beach Swimming Pool. The Jantzen Beach Amusement Park was named after one of the park's chief investor's, Carl Jantzen, of Jantzen Swimsuits. The name "Jantzen Beach" continues today for the area.
[More carousel]

Penny Postcard, Jantzen Beach, ca.1920s
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Jantzen Beach, ca.1920s.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920s, "Jantzen Beach, "On the Columbia River and Pacific Highway".". Card is blank on reverse side. Card #23. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Jantzen Beach, 1929
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: "Swimming Pools at Jantzen Beach on the Columbia River, near Portland, Oregon", postmarked 1929.
Photo by A.M. Prentiss. No.451-29. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.
Image, 2006, Jantzen Beach Carousel, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Jantzen Beach Carousel, Portland, Oregon. Image taken July 1, 2006.


North Portland Harbor ...
The North Portland Harbor is the official name of the channel which separates Hayden Island and Tomahawk Island from the mainland Oregon. Throughout history it has had other names, including the "Oregon Slough" and "Hayden's Slough". In 1913 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "North Portland Harbor" the official name.
[More]

Image, 2006, North Portland Harbor, from Tomahawk Island, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
North Portland Harbor, from Tomahawk Island, Portland, Oregon. The Interstate 5 is in the background. Image taken July 1, 2006.


Tomahawk Island ...
Tomahawk Island lies at the eastern end of Hayden Island. The two islands have almost been consolidated into one by river silting and road construction. In 1806 Lewis and Clark gave the name "Tomahawk Island" to a small island between "Image Canoe Island" and the prairie on the north shore of the Columbia River, which would become Vancouver, Washington. This island was eventually washed away, as is typical of islands in the Columbia River. In 1927 the United States Board of Geographic Names was petitioned to assign the name to a new island which formed on the east end of Hayden Island. Tomahawk Island was the home to Columbia Beach and Lotus Isle Amusement Parks.
[More]

Image, 2003, Tomahawk Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tomahawk Island. Tomahawk Island, Oregon as seen from Ryan Point, Washington. Image taken June 15, 2003.


Views from Hayden Island ...

Image, 2004, Mount St. Helens and Vancouver, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
A steaming Mount St. Helens with Vancouver, Washington. View from Hayden Island, Oregon. Image taken December 18, 2004.
Image, 2005, Columbia River downstream from Hayden Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vancouver and the Vancouver to Hayden Island railroad bridge, as seen from Hayden Island, Oregon. Image taken July 3, 2005.
Image, 2007, Vancouver, Washington, and the Interstate-5 Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Vancouver, Washington, and the Interstate 5 Bridge. View from Hayden Island. Image taken May 28, 2007.
Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Hayden Island, under the I-5 Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood, Oregon, the Empress of the North, and the shoreline of Hayden Island. View from under the Interstate 5 bridge, Hayden Island side. Image taken March 29, 2004.
Image, 2004, Mount Hood from Hayden Island Dock, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mount Hood, Oregon, the Empress of the North, from dock and walkway at Hayden Island. Image taken March 29, 2004.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. The postcards now have become a image of history.

Penny Postcard, Jantzen Beach, ca.1920s
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Jantzen Beach, ca.1920s.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920s, "Jantzen Beach, "On the Columbia River and Pacific Highway".". Card is blank on reverse side. Card #23. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Jantzen Beach, 1929
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: "Swimming Pools at Jantzen Beach on the Columbia River, near Portland, Oregon", postmarked 1929.
Photo by A.M. Prentiss. No.451-29. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 4, 1805 ...
A cloudy cool morning wind from the West we Set out at 1/2 past 8 oClock [from their camp on the north side of Government Island, approximately across from Fisher's Landing], one man Shannon Set out early to walk on the Island [Government Island] to kill Something, he joined us at the lower point with a Buck. This island is 6 miles long and near 3 miles wide thinly timbered     (Tide rose last night 18 inches perpndicular at Camp) near the lower point of this diamond Island [Government Island] is The head of a large Island Seperated from a Small one by a narrow chanel [Lewis and Clark show two large islands on their maps, both in today's Government Island area], and both Situated nearest the Lard Side, those Islands [even today the Government Island reach is a complex of many islands] as also the bottoms are thickly Covered with Pine &c. river wide, Country low on both Sides; [since 1983 the Interstate 205 bridge crosses Government Island connecting Oregon to Washington]     on the Main Lard Shore a Short distance below the last Island we landed at a village of 25 Houses: [near Portland International Airport]; ...     This village contains about 200 men of the Skil-loot nation ...

at 7 miles below this village passed the upper point of a large Island [Hayden Island] nearest the Lard Side, a Small Prarie [Jolie Prairie, today the location of Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark. Lewis and Clark camp on this prairie on their return] in which there is a pond [one of the many ponds which use to dot this area] opposit on the Stard. here I landed and walked on Shore, about 3 miles a fine open Prarie for about 1 mile, back of which the countrey rises gradually and wood land comencies Such as white oake, pine of different kinds, wild crabs with the taste and flavour of the common crab and Several Species of undergroth of which I am not acquainted, a few Cottonwood trees & the Ash of this countrey grow Scattered on the river bank, ...     joined Capt. Lewis at a place he had landed with the party for Diner. ...

dureing the time we were at dinner those fellows Stold my pipe Tomahawk which They were Smoking with [Tomahawk pipe, thus giving rise to the name Tomahawk Island] ...    we proceeded on

[The men have passed through the area which, 20 years later, Dr. John McLoughlin would choose for a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company, later to become Fort Vancouver and eventually the city of Vancouver, Washington.]

met a large & a Small Canoe from below, with 12 men the large Canoe was ornimented with Images carved in wood the figures of <man &> a Bear in front & a man in Stern, Painted & fixed verry netely on the <bow & Stern> of the Canoe, rising to near the hight of a man [Lewis and Clark then named Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island"]     two Indians verry finely Dressed & with hats on was in this canoe passed the lower point of the Island [Hayden Island] which is nine miles in length haveing passed 2 Islands on the Stard Side of this large Island [the location of Vancouver Landing and since 1917 the Interstate 5 Bridge connecting Oregon to Washington State], three Small Islands at its lower point [The downstream end of Hayden Island was at one time composed of small islands. One of these, Pearcy Island, would become today's Kelley Point.]. the Indians make Signs that a village is Situated back of those Islands on the Lard. Side and I believe that a Chanel is Still on the Lrd. Side [it wasn't until Lewis and Clark's return trip they would discover the mouth of the Willamette River] as a Canoe passed in between the Small Islands, and made Signs that way, probably to traffick with Some of the nativs liveing on another Chanel, at 3 miles lower [Sauvie Island is located at this stretch, but it is not until the return that Lewis and Clark recognize it as a separate island], and 12 Leagues below quick Sand river [Sandy River] passed a village of four large houses on The Lard. Side [on Sauvie Island], near which we had a full view of Mt. Helien [Mount St. Helens, Washington] which is perhaps the highest pinical in America from their base it bears N. 25 E about 90 miles- This is the mountain I Saw from the Muscle Shell rapid [Umatilla Rapids, Captain Clark actually saw Mount Adams] on the 19th of October last Covered with Snow, it rises Something in the form of a Sugar lofe- about a mile lower passed a Single house on the Lard. Side, and one on the Stard. Side, passed a village on each Side and Camped near a house on the Stard. Side [Post Office Lake vicinity, today within the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge] we proceeded on untill one hour after dark with a view to get clear of the nativs who was constantly about us, and troublesom, finding that we could not get Shut of those people for one night, we landed and Encamped on the Stard. Side ...

This evening we Saw vines much resembling the raspberry which is verry thick in the bottoms. A range of high hills at about 5 miles on the Lard Side [Portland's West Hills'] which runs S. E. & N W. Covered with tall timber the bottoms below in this range of hills and the river is rich and leavel, Saw White geese with a part of their wings black. The river here is 1 miles wide, and current jentle. opposite to our camp on a Small Sandy Island [one of the small sandy islands prevelent in this stretch of the Columbia. Today the Willow Bar Islands on the east side of Sauvie Island lie across from Post Office Lake.] the brant & geese make Such a noise that it will be impossible for me to Sleap. we made 29 miles to day






Clark, March 30, 1806 ...
we got under way verry early [from their camp near Wapato Portage] and had not proceeded to the head of the island [Bachelor Island] before we met with the three men of the Clan-nar-min-a-mon's who met us yesterday brackfast at the upper point of the Island [Bachelor Island] we met Several of the Clackstar and Cath-lah-cum-up in two canoes. Soon after we were overtaken by Several Canoes of different tribes who reside on each Side of the river the three above Tribes and the Clh-in-na-ta cathy-lah-nah-qui-up & Cath-lah-com-mah-tup reside on each Side of Wappato inlet [Multnomah Channel] and back of Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] which Island is formed by a Small Chanel which passes from the Lower part of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] into an inlet which makes in from the S W. Side, and receves the water of a Creek which heads with the Kil a mox River. this wappato Island [Sauvie Island] is about 18 or 20 Miles long and in places from 6 to 10 miles wide high & furtile with ponds on different parts of it in which the nativs geather Wappato. nearly opposit the upper point of the Isld. behing which we encamped last night, or on the Wappato Isld. is Several Camps of the nativs catching Sturgion. about 5 miles Still higher up and on the N E. Side we halted for brackfast at the place which We had encamped the 4th of November last [near Post Office Lake, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge]. here we were visited by several canoes of Indians from two Towns a Short distance above on the Wappato Island [Sauvie Island]. the 1st of those Tribes Call themselves Clan-nah-quah and Situated about 2 miles above us, the other about a mile above Call themselves Mult-no-mah ...     at 10 a. m. we Set out and had not proceeded far before we came to a landing place where there was Several large canoes hauled up, and Sitting in a canoe, appearantly waiting our arival with a view to join the fleet indian who was then along Side of us. this man informed he was a Shoto and that his nation resided a little distance from the river. we landed and one of the indians pointed to the Shoto village which is Situated back of Pond [Vancouver Lake] which lies parrelal with the river on the N E. Side nearly opposit the Clan-nah quah village. here we were also joined by Several Canoes loaded with the natives from the Island who Continued to accompany us untill about 4 oClock when they all returned and we proceeded on to the place the Indians Stole my Tomahawk 4th Novr. last [Hayden Island] and Encamped in a Small Prarie ["Jolie Prairie" where Fort Vancouver and Pearson Airpark would some day be located] above a large Pond on N. E and opposit the Center of image Canoe Island [Hayden Island]. capt Lewis walked out and Saw Several deer. Jo. Field Shot at Elk he killed and brought in a fine duck. ...     we made 22 Miles only to day the wind and a Strong current being against us all day, with rain. discovered a high mountain S E. Covered with Snow which we call Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon]






Clark, April 2, 1806 ...
This morning we came to a resolution to remain at our present encampment [Cottonwood Beach, Washougal, Washington] or Some where in this neighbourhood untill we had obtained as much dried meat as would be necessary for our voyage as far as the Chopunnish. ...     about this time Several Canoes of the nativs arived at our Camp [Cottonwood Beach] among others two from below with Eight men of the Shah-ha-la Nation those men informed us that they reside on the opposit Side of the Columbia near Some pine trees which they pointed to in the bottom South of the Dimond Island [Government Island], they Singled out two young men whome they informed us lited at the Falls of a large river [Willamette Falls] which discharges itself into the Columbia on it's South Side Some Miles below us. we readily provailed on them to give us a Sketch of this river [Willamette River] which they drew on a Mat with a coal, it appeared that this river which they Call Mult-no'-mah discharged itself behind the Island we call the image Canoe island [Hayden Island], and as we had left this Island to the South both in decending & assending the river we had never Seen it. they informed us that it was a large river and runs a Considerable distance to the South between the Mountains. I deturmined to take a Small party and return to this river and examine its Size and Collect as much information of the nativs on it or near its enterance into the Columbia of its extent, the Country which it waters and the nativs who inhabit its banks &c. I took with me Six Men. Thompson J. Potts, Peter Crusat, P. Wiser, T. P. Howard, Jos. Whitehouse & my man York in a large Canoe, with an Indian whome I hired for a Sun glass to accompany me as a pilot. at half past 11 A. M. I Set out ...     at 8 miles passed a village on the South side [Chinook Landing and Blue Lake area] at this place my Pilot informed me he resided and that the name of his tribe is Ne-cha-co-lee, this village is back or to the South of Dimond island [Government Island], and as we passed on the North Side of the island both decending & assending did not See or know of this Village. I proceeded on without landing at this village. at 3 P. M. I landed at a large double house of the Ne-er-cho-ki-oo tribe of the Shah-ha-la Nation. at this place we had Seen 24 aditional Straw Huts as we passed down last fall [November 4, 1805, in the vicinity of the Portland International Airport] and whome as I have before mentioned reside at the Great rapids of the Columbia [Celilo Falls].     on the bank at different places I observed Small Canoes which the women make use of to gather Wappato & roots in the Slashes. those Canoes are from 10 to 14 feet long and from 18 to 23 inches wide in the widest part tapering from the center to both ends in this form and about 9 inches deep and So light that a woman may with one hand haul them with ease, and they are Sufficient to Carry a woman on Some loading. I think 100 of those canoes were piled up and Scattered in different directions about in the Woods in the vecinity of this house, the pilot informed me that those Canoes were the property of the inhabitents of the Grand rapids who used them ocasionally to gather roots. ...

I left them [village near today's Portland International Airport] and proceeded on on the South Side [North Portland Harbor] of Image Canoe Island [Hayden Island] which I found to be two Islands hid from the opposit Side by one near the Center of the river. the lower point of the upper and the upper point of the lower cannot be Seen from the North Side of the Columbia on which we had passed both decending and ascending and had not observed the apperture between those islands. at the distance of 13 Miles below the last village [location of Portland International Airport] and at the place I had Supposed was the lower point of the image Canoe island [Hayden Island], I entered this river which the nativs had informed us of, Called Mult no mah River [Willamette River] so called by the nativs from a Nation who reside on Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] a little below the enterance of this river. Multnomah [Willamette River] discharges itself in the Columbia on the S. E. and may be justly Said to be the Size of that noble river. Multnomah had fallen 18 inches from it's greatest annual height. three Small Islands are situated in it's mouth [Belle Vue Point and Kelley Point, on opposite sides of the mouth of the Willamette, use to be islands] which hides the river from view from the Columbia.     from the enterance of this river [Willamette River] , I can plainly See Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon] which is high and Covered with snow S. E. Mt. Hood East [Mount Hood, Oregon], Mt St. Helians [Mount St. Helens, Washington] a high humped Mountain to the East of Mt St. Helians [Mount Adams, Washington, is east of Mount St. Helens]. I also Saw the Mt. Raneer [Mount Rainier, Washington] Nearly North. Soon after I arived at this river an old man passed down of the Clark a'mos Nation who are noumerous and reside on a branch of this river which receives it's waters from Mt. Jefferson [Mount Jefferson, Oregon] which is emensely high and discharges itself into this river one day and a half up, this distance I State at 40 Miles. This nation inhabits 11 Villages their Dress and language is very Similar to the Quath-lah-poh-tle and other tribes on Wappato Island [Sauvie Island].



The Current of the Multnomar [Willamette River] is as jentle as that of the Columbia glides Smoothly with an eavin surface, and appears to be Sufficiently deep for the largest Ship. I attempted fathom it with a Cord of 5 fathom which was the only Cord I had, could not find bottom ? of the distance across. I proceeded up this river 10 miles from it's enterance into the Columbia to a large house on the N E. Side and Encamped near the house [downstream of Cathedral Park and the St. Johns Bridge, Portland, Oregon, near Portland's Terminal 4.], the flees being So noumerous in the house that we could not Sleep in it.



this is the house of the Cush-hooks Nation who reside at the falls of this river which the pilot informs me they make use of when they Come down to the Vally to gather Wappato. he also informs me that a number of other Smaller houses are Situated on two Bayous which make out on the S. E. Side a little below the house. this house appears to have been laterly abandoned by its inhabitants ...     The course and distance assending the Molt no mar R [Willamette River] from it's enterance into the Columbia at the lower point of the 3rd Image Canoe island.

[This area has changed during the past 200 years. Lewis and Clark called today's Hayden Island "Image Canoe Island". Their "3rd Image Canoe Island" however maybe in reference to the "three Small Islands are situated in it's mouth" (see journal entry above), two of the islands possibly were islands which are today's Belle Vue Point on Sauvie Island, and Pearcy Island which eventually became Kelley Point. Lewis and Clark's route map (Map#79 and Map#80, Moulton, Vol.1) shows a long "Image Canoe Island" with two small islands on the north side of "Image Canoe Island", and three small islands at the mouth of the "Multnomah R.". ]

S. 30 W. 2 Miles to the upper point of a Small Island [???] in the Middle of Moltnomar river [Willamette River]. thence

S. 10 W. 3 miles to a Sluce 80 yards wide [Multnomah Channel] which devides Wappato Island [Sauvie Island] from the Main Stard. Side Shore passing a Willow point on the Lard. Side [???].

S. 60 E. 3 miles to a large Indian house on the Lard Side below Some high pine land.

[Lewis and Clark's map plotted against an 1888 map of the area shows this location to be closer to 2 miles from the Multnomah Channel, just upstream from Portland's Terminal 4, and across from the community of Linnton.]

high bold Shore on the Starboard Side [Tualatin Mountains]. thence

S. 30 E 2 miles to a bend under the high lands on the Stard Side [St. Johns Bridge area located at the base of the Tualatin Mountains]

miles 10 passing a Larborad point [???].

thence the river bends to the East of S East as far as I could See [the stretch through Portland, Oregon]. at this place I think the wedth of the river may be Stated at 500 yards and Sufficiently deep for a Man of War or Ship of any burthern.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    Center for Columbia River History website, 2004, 2006;    "Columbian.com" website, 2006, "History";    NOAA Office of Coast Survey website, 2004;    Oregon Bureau of Land Management website, 2005;    "PDXHistory.com" website, 2006;    "Rootsweb.com" website, 2005;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2006;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2015;    U.S. Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2006;    Washington State Historical Society website, 2004, "Lasting Legacy";    Washington State Historical Society website, 2008, "Columbia River Surveyed 1825";    Washington State University Library website, 2004, "Early Washington Maps: A Digital Collection";

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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November 2016