Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Hammond, Oregon"
Includes ... Hammond ... Hammond Mooring Basin ... Seafarer's Park ... Point Adams Life Saving Staton ... Point Adams Packing Company ...
Image, 2012, Hammond Boat Basin, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hammond Mooring Basin, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken October 1, 2012.


Hammond ...
Hammond, Oregon, is located on the Columbia River between Tansy Point and Warrenton upstream and Point Adams and Clatsop Spit downstream. The Oregon community of Astoria, settled in 1811, is located approximately five miles upstream.

Early Hammond ...
According to Susan Glen and the Warrenton-Hammond Historical Society (2009):

"... Hammond is located near the mouth of the Columbia River. ... In June 1873, Bartholomew Kindred received the original donation land grant of 620 acres ... The town was platted and recorded in 1890. ...   The original name of the town was New Astoria. Andrew B. Hammond was going to build a mill in the area. In 1915, the small town got a post office that was named Hammond Post Office, to honor Mr. Hammond, so the people of New Astoria changed the name of their town to Hammond. The post office is still in operation, but the mill was never built. ..."

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database (2012) shows Bartholomew C. Kindred and Rachel Kindred being granted title to 639.9 acres of T8N R10W, Sections 4, 5, 8, and 9, on June 13, 1873 (Oregon-Donation Act of 1850).

In November 1991 the community of Hammond voted to disincorporate, and, on December 5, 1991, they merged into the city of Warrenton.


Andrew B. Hammond ...
Hammond, Oregon, was named after Andrew B. Hammond, an early railroad pioneer and lumberman who, by 1898, owned the Oregon Pacific Railroad and the Astoria and Columbia River Railroad. These railroads provided access to the rich timber and logging opportunities of Oregon's Coast Range and Cascade Mountains. In 1900 Hammond formed the Hammond Lumber Company, and via various timber purchases ended up being one of the largest private owners of timber in Oregon. In 1901 Hammond partnered with Captain Hugh Robertson and established the Oregon Rafting Company, a company which towed massive cigar rafts of logs from the Columbia River to San Francisco, California. Also in the early 1900s Hammond purchased mills along the North Santiam River, and in 1908 he purchased the Hume Lumber Mill in Astoria.

The Columbia River at Hammond ...

Image, 2013, Columbia River, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River, upstream from Seafarer's Park, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, 2013, Columbia River, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River, downstream from Seafarer's Park, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, 2009, Columbia River, Hammond Boat Basin, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia River, downstream from Seafarer's Park, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken September 27, 2009.
Image, 2013, Logs, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Shipping logs, Columbia River, view from Hammond Mooring Basin, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken August 13, 2013.


Hammond, etc.

  • Hammond Lumber Mills ...
  • Hammond Mooring Basin and Seafarer's Park ...
  • Point Adams Life Saving Station ...
  • Point Adams Packing Company ...


Hammond Lumber Mills ...
(to come)

Penny Postcard, Hammond, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Hammond Lumber Mills, Astoria, Oregon.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Hammond Lumber Mills, showing millions of feet of floating lumber, Astoria, Oregon." Published by Pacific Novelty Co. of San Francisco, Cal. Made in the U.S.A. Card #3313. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


Hammond Mooring Basin and Searfarer's Park ...
In ___ the navy dredged the mooring basin in Hammond and the U.S. Coast Guard maintained a lifeboat station there for many years. The dredged spoils added many riverfront acres to the town of Hammond.

"... Fort Stevens Military Reservation, now Fort Stevens, the second largest state park in Oregon, is next to Bartholomew Kindred's donation land grant at Hammond. The navy dredged a mooring basin in Hammond and the U.S. Coast Guard maintened a lifeboat station there for many years. The National Oceanographic and Atmospherica Administration and the National Marine Fisheries Biological Field Station now occupy the lifeboat-station building. Point Adams Coast Guard Lighthouse stood vigilantly near Battery Russell at Fort Stevens, until the extension of the south jetty at Hammond. The lighthouse is gone, but the U.S. Coast Guard is present with their air station at the airport. ..." [Susan Glen and the Warrenton-Hammond Historical Society, 2009]

Image, 2013, Hammond Boat Basin, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hammond Mooring Basin, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, 2013, Hammond Boat Basin, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hammond Mooring Basin, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, 2013, Hammond Boat Basin, Hammond, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Gulls, Hammond Mooring Basin, Hammond, Oregon. Image taken February 2, 2013.


Point Adams Life Saving Station ...
The Point Adams Life Saving Station, also known as Life Saving Station #311 and later Coast Guard Station #326, was located at the east end of Hammond, Oregon. The station was established in 1888, built in 1889, and was placed in active service in December 1889. The station began with a crew of eight and by 1900 increased to nine during the summer months. The station was discontinued in 1967, with its search and rescue duties taken over by the Cape Disappointment station.
[More]

Point Adams Packing Company ...
In 1882 a Point Adams Packing Company was incorporated in "upper Astoria, next to the box factory".

"The Point Adams packing company was incorporated yesterday. W.H. Ward, J.C. Lidwill and Samuel Olsen being the original incorporators." ["The Daily Astorian", August 9, 1882, Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016]

"Wm. Wood, secretary of the Point Adams Packing company, informs us that it is their intention to build a cannery in upper Astoria, next to the box factory." ["The Daily Astorian", August 12, 1882, Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016]

"The Point Adams Packing company are rapidly pushing the completion of their new building. The main house is 80x150 feet; the boiler room 25x45. The sides are nearly finished, and next week the roof will be done. The expectation is to have the machinery in and the work finished by the 10th prox." ["The Daily Astorian", January 27, 1883, Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016]

In 1920 the Point Adams Packing Company was incorporated in Hammond, Oregon, and still exists.

"PACKING COMPNAY FORMS. Point Adams Firm Incorporated With $50,000 Capital: SALEM, Or., March 5. -- (Special.) -- The Point Adams Packing company, with a capital stock of $50,000, has been incorporated by C.L. Rogers, Edward E. Beard and G.W. Utzinger. Headquarters of the corporation will be located at Hammond, Clatsop county." ["Morning Oregonian", March 6, 1920, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2019]

"NEW CANNERY INCORPORATES: ASTORIA, Or., March 9. -- (Special.) -- At least one new salmon cannery is to be erected on the Columbia river this year and it will be ready for operation during the season which is to open at noon May 1. The company which is to erect and operate the new plant is the Point Adams Packing company, which filed articles of incorporation in the county clerk's office today. The incorporators are C.L. Rodgers, Edward A. Beard and G.W. Utzinger of this city and the capital stock is $50,000. The company has acquired a site at the public dock in Hammond, where its cannery will be located, and C. Lawrence Rodgers will be the manager of the plant." ["Morning Oregonian", March 10, 1920, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2019]

Image, 2013, Point Adams Packing Company, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Point Adams Packing Company, Hammond, Oregon. View from moving car. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, 2013, Point Adams Packing Company, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Point Adams Packing Company, Hammond, Oregon. View from moving car. Image taken February 2, 2013.
Image, Point Adams Packing Co. salmon label, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
LABEL: Cardinal Salmon, Point Adams Packing Company, Hammond, Oregon. Cardinal brand, Royal Chinook Columbia River Salmon, distributed by Point Adams Packing Co., Hammond, Oregon, 7 3/4 oz.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




Journey to the PacificReturn to
Menu
 






*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Glen, S.L., and the Warrenton-Hammond Historical Society, 2009, Warrenton-Hammond, Arcadia Publishing, Images of America series;
  • Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2016, 2019;
  • McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland;
  • "oregonencyclopedia.org" website, 2011;
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2012;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
/Regions/Places/hammond.html
January 2014