Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Green Point, Oregon"
Includes ... Green Point ... "Point Sheriff" ... "Waldron's Bluff" ... "Rainier Hill" ...
Image, 2007, Green Point from Willow Grove Beach, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Green Point, Oregon, as seen from Willow Grove Beach, Washington. Image taken January 28, 2007.


Green Point ...
Green Point is located on the upstream side of Mayger, Oregon, at Columbia River Mile (RM) 58. The point lies upstream of the old fishing station at Mayger, and downstream of a large impressive basalt cliff which lies between Rainier, Oregon and Mayger. Across the river lies Willow Grove and Fisher Island, Washington. As located on topographic maps, Green Point is the westernmost tip of that cliff, the first part of the cliff explorers would see journeying up the Columbia. Lewis and Clark pass this area on November 6, 1805, and refer to the "high clift of Black rockd on the Lard. Side". On their return they camp at Walker Island, at the base of the cliffs on the east of Green Point.

Lewis and Clark and Green Point ...
Lewis and Clark passed the Green Point area on November 6, 1805, after setting out from their camp near Prescott Beach, Oregon and heading west.

"... A cool wet raney morning we Set out early at 4 miles pass 2 Lodges of Indians in a Small bottom on the Lard Side I believe those Indians to be travelers. opposit is <the head of a long narrow Island close under the Starboard Side, back of this Island two Creeks fall in about 6 miles apart,> and appear to head in the high hilley countrey to the N. E. opposit <this long Island is 2 others one Small and about the middle of the river> the other larger and nearly opposit its lower point, and opposit a high clift of Black rockd on the Lard. Side at 14 miles ..." [Clark, November 6, 1805]

The "long narrow Island" is today's Cottonwood Island and the "two Creeks" are presumably the Cowlitz River and Coal Creek Slough. The two islands "opposit a high clift of Black rockd on the Lard. Side" would be in the same location as today's Walker Island and Lord Island, white the "high clift of Black rockd on the Lard. Side" is Green Point.


Views ...

Image, 2005, Walker Island and Green Point, Oreogn, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Walker Island and Green Point, Oregon. View from Washington State Highway 4, at the mouth of Germany Creek. Mount Hood, Oregon, can just be seen on the horizon. Image taken July 28, 2005.
Image, 2007, Green Point from Willow Grove Beach, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Green Point, Oregon, as seen from Willow Grove Beach, Washington. Image taken January 28, 2007.


Early Green Point ...
In 1792 Lieutenant Broughton of the British Captain George Vancouver expedition, camped at Green Point on October 26th. They called the point "Point Sheriff", presumably after John Sheriff, master's mate of Broughton's brig the Chatham.

Lewis and Clark pass this area on November 6, 1805, after setting out from their camp near Prescott Beach, Oregon. On their return they passed by Green Point on March 26, 1806, and then camped at the foot of the Point on Walker Island.

In 1841 Charles Wilkes of the U.S. Exploring Expedition called the high bluff "Waldron's Bluff". Fisher Island was called "Plumondon Island".

"... Five miles above the turn the prairie terminates, where a high basaltic bluff rises, which I named Waldron's Bluff; it is 3 miles in length, and rises 800 feet above the river. ... When Plumondon Island, which lies opposite to Waldron's Bluff, opens, steer for it. ... Opposite to the upper part of Waldron's Bluff lies Walker's Island, one-third of a mile from the shore ..."

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office Records (GLO) database shows a Harriet Green and William Heirs of Green being being granted title to 103.9 acres on December 1, 1871, for parts of T8N R3W, Section 19 (1820 "Sale-Cash Entry").

The 1888 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey's Chart "Columbia River Sheet No.4, Grim's Island to Kalama" has the point labeled "Green Pt.".


Green Point in 1940 ...
From the Oregon State Archives "A 1940 Journey Across Oregon":

"... From the winding curves of RAINIER HILL (671 alt.) there is a fine view of Longview, Washington, and the narrow roadway of the bridge spanning the river, hundreds of feet below. The summit is reached at 50.6 m. Descending, the highway crosses ubiquitous BEAVER CREEK, 51.4 m. Within the next 15 miles westward the road spans the stream a dozen times. The country now presents wide expanses of logged off land. At 61.7 m. is a junction with a gravel road. ..."


Oregon Highway 30 ...
Oregon Highway 30 cimbs from Rainier to Green Point. Two viewpoints along the stretch offer fantastic views of Longview, Washington.

Image, 2015, Green Point, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Oregon Highway 30 as it climbs from Rainier up to Green Point. Image taken October 5, 2015.
Image, 2012, Green Point, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View from Oregon Highway 30 as it climbs from Rainier up to Green Point. Image taken October 1, 2012.
Image, 2005, Steaming Mount St. Helens and Longview, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Steaming Mount St. Helens, the Lewis and Clark Bridge, and Longview, Washington. View from Oregon Highway 30, just west of Rainier, Oregon. Image taken January 2, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 6, 1805, first draft ...
a cold wet morning. rain Contd. untill [blank] oClock     we Set out early [from Prescott Beach, Oregon, area] & proceeded on the Corse of last night &c.

N. 50° W. 1 mile
on the Lard. Side under Some high land.    bold rockey Shore

N. 60° W. 1 mile
under a bold rockey Shore on the Lard Side, opsd. the upper point of a Island [Cottonwood Island] close under the Stard Side the high lands closeing the river on that Side [Carrolls Bluff]    above river wide


N. 75° W. 12 miles
to a point of high land on the Lard Side, passed two Lodges on the Lard Side at 2 miles in a bottom, The high land [Carrolls Bluff] leave The river on the Stard. Side.    passd. a remarkable Knob of high land on the Stard. Side at 3 miles Close on the Waters edge [Mount Coffin, Lewis and Clark missed the Cowlitz River mouth]...    passed a Island nearest the Lard. Side at 10 mile [Walker Island] the head of a Isd. on Std. [Fisher Island] opposit High Cliffs [Green Point, location of today's Mayger, Oregon], with Several Speces of Pine Cedars &c. arber vita & different Species of under groth.

N. 80° W. 2 miles
under a high clift on the Lard Side [Green Point, location of today's Mayger Island]     the lower point of the Island on Stard. [Fisher Island] opposit those hills are Covered thickly ...

N. 88° W. 5 miles
to a high Clift a little below an old village in the Stard. bend [possibly Bunker Hill, the location of today's Stella, Washington] and opposit an old village on a Lard. point of a handsom & extensive bottom [Beaver Slough/Clatskanie River bottom].     passed a Island in the middle of the river 3 miles long and one wide [Crims Island], passed a Small Island Close on the Stard. Side [Gull Island] & a lower point of a former Isld. below which the lands high & with Clifts to the river Stard. Side

S. 45° W. 5 miles
under a Clift of verry high land on the Stard. side [possibly the Oak Point and Eagle Cliff area] wind high a head. ...

S. 50° W. 1 mile
under a high rockey Hill of pine. The Indians leave us, Steep assent, Som Clifts

S. 75° W. 1 mile
under a high hill with a bold rocky Shore, high assent     river about 1 mile wide

West 1 mile
under a high Steep hill bold rockey Shore, Encampd under the hill on Stones [near Cape Horn of Wahkiakum County] Scercely land Sufficent between the hills and river Clear of the tide for us to lie. Cloudy & rain all wet and disagreeable. this evening made large fires on the Stones and dried our bedding. ...



Clark, November 6, 1805 ...
A cool wet raney morning we Set out [from their camp at Prescott Beach] early at 4 miles pass 2 Lodges of Indians in a Small bottom on the Lard Side I believe those Indians to be travelers. opposit is <the head of a long narrow Island close under the Starboard Side [Cottonwood Island], back of this Island two Creeks fall in about 6 miles apart,> [Cowlitz River delta, Longview, Washington. Today the "two Creeks" are the Cowlitz River and Coal Creek Slough.] and appear to head in the high hilley countrey to the N. E. opposit <this long Island is 2 others one Small and about the middle of the river> the other larger and nearly opposit its lower point [today the location of Walker Island and Lord Island complex], and opposit a high clift of Black rocks [Green Point, location of Mayger, Oregon] on the Lard. Side at 14 miles; ...     here the hills leave the river on the Lard. Side, a butifull open and extensive bottom [Clatskanie River delta] in which there is an old Village, one also on the Stard. Side a little above both of which are abandened by all their inhabitents except Two Small dogs nearly Starved, and an unreasonable portion of flees— The Hills and mountains are covered with Sever kinds of Pine— ...     Some willow on the waters edge,   passed an Island 3 miles long and one mile wide [Crims Island ... Crims Island is separated from the Oregon shore by the Bradbury Slough.], <one> close under the Stard. Side below the <long narrow Island> below which the Stard Hills are verry from the river bank and Continues high and rugid on that Side all day, ... [Lewis and Clark pass, but do not mention today's Germany Creek, Abernethy Creek, and Mill Creek]     we came too to Dine on the long narrow Island [Crims Island] found the woods So thick with under groth that the hunters could not get any distance into the Isld. ...     river about one mile wide hills high and Steep on the Std. [cliffs of Oak Point] no place for several Miles suffcently large and leavil for our camp we at length Landed at a place [Eagle Cliff and Cape Horn, Wahkiakum County] which by moveing the Stones we made a place Sufficently large for the party to lie leavil on the Smaller Stones Clear of the Tide     Cloudy with rain all day we are all wet and disagreeable, had large fires made on the Stone and dried our bedding and Kill the flees, which collected in our blankets at every old village we encamped near     I had like to have forgotten a verry remarkable Knob [Mount Coffin, Longview, Washington, now destroyed] riseing from the edge of the water to about 80 feet high, and about 200 paces around at its Base and Situated <on the long narrow Island> [Longview, Washington area, the Cowlitz River delta] above and nearly opposit to the 2 Lodges we passed to day, it is Some distance from the high land & in a low part of the Island [Cowlitz River delta]





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    The State of Oregon Archivist website, 2005;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2006, General Land Office (GLO) Records;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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August 2016