Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Fulton Ridge, Oregon"
Includes ... Fulton Ridge ... Columbia River Basalt ... Fulton Canyon ... Fultonville ...
Image, 2005, Wishram, Washington, and Mount Hood, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Fulton Ridge, Mount Hood, and Wishram, Washington, in the spring. Looking down on Wishram from Washington State Highway 14. Mount Hood shows through Fairbanks Water Gap and the Oregon Trunk Line bridge is in the middleground. Fulton Ridge is the long ridge on the left. Image taken May 24, 2005.


Fulton Ridge ...
Fulton Ridge is the large Columbia River Basalt flow located between Fairbanks Gap on the west (Columbia River Mile 199) and the Deschutes River on the east (RM 204). The ridge also creates the left wall of the lower Deschutes River Canyon for seven or eight miles. Good views can be had while driving Oregon's Interstate 84 or Washington State Route 14 near Wishram. The ridge is a flow of Columbia River Basalt which erupted in fissure eruptions over between 17 and 5.5 million years ago.

Early Fulton Ridge ...
Fulton Ridge was named in 1965 by a U.S. Geological Survey employee R.E. Newcomb after the Fulton family who settled in Oregon in 1847 and who were still farming there.

Early Fulton area ...
Fulton Ridge and nearby Fulton Canyon, and the historic town of Fultonville, were all named after the Col. James Fulton and his family who settled in Oregon in 1847. The Fulton family eventually ended up in Fulton Canyon near the Deschutes River. The small community of Fultonville sprang up about a mile east of the mouth of the Deschutes with Col. Fulton being the postmaster of the Fultonville Post Office (1882 to 1886).

According to Oregon Geographic Names (McArthur and McArthur, 2003):

"... Fulton Canyon was named for John Fulton [Col. James Fulton's son], who took up a claim there in 1878 and later built an impressive home. He was for many years county judge of Sherman County. Frank Fulton Canyon, which comes into Fulton Canyon from the east about a mile south of the Columbia River, was named for another son. His home was near the center of S20, T2N, R15E, about where the county road leaves the canyon to head north to Biggs Junction. Frank Fulton Canyon extends south only to the forks, where the east branch becomes Locust Grove Canyon and the west branch, Neece Canyon. Frank had a son named Charles who was occasionally inclined to the local tipple, and some older residents referred to this feature as Whiskey Canyon. A third son of Colonel Fulton was Dave Fulton, and he lived in Mud Hollow, the next canyon to the east. At one time this was called Dave Fulton Canyon, but this name has not survived."

The U.S. Board of Geographic Names made "Fulton Ridge" official in 1966 and "Fulton Canyon" official in 1976. The Board made "Frank Fulton Canyon" official in 1977.

At one time the area of "Fultonville" was first known as "Deschutesville" before being known as "Fultonville". In 1922 it became the location for the Miller Post Office.


Views ...

Image, 2005, Basalt Flow upstream of Celilo Park, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Basalt Flow between the Deschutes River and Celilo Park, Oregon. Image taken May 24, 2005.
Image, 2006, Basalt Flow upstream of Celilo Park, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Fulton Ridge and the east portal, train tunnel through Columbia River Basalt Flow. View heading west on Interstate 84, between the Deschutes River and Celilo Park, Oregon. Image taken October 2, 2006.
Image, 2012, Fulton Ridge, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Fulton Ridge as seen from Interstate 84, Oregon. View of east portal, train tunnel through the Columbia River Basalt Flow. Image taken June 6, 2012.
Image, 2006, Fulton Ridge, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Fulton Ridge, heading west, from Interstate 84, Oregon. Image taken October 2, 2006.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2006.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2008