Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon"
Includes ... Fort Dalles ... The Dalles ... Fort Lee ... Fort Wascopam... Camp Drum ... Fort Dalles Museum ... Surgeon's Quarters ... National Register of Historical Places ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2012, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Surgeons Quarters, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 29, 2012.


Fort Dalles ...
During the Cayuse War of 1847 to 1848, Major H.A.G. Lee, of the Provisional Government's Oregon Rifles, arrived in The Dalles. Lee built a stockade around the old mission buildings that became known as "Fort Lee" or "Fort Wascopam" In 1850, two rifle companies came from Fort Vancouver to establish a supply depot at the eastern end of the Barlow Road. Crude log buildings were constructed a short distance west of the old Wascopam mission and was called "Camp Drum". In 1853 the fort was redesignated as "Fort Dalles". In 1861, Fort Dalles was downgraded to a quartermaster's depot before being abandoned in 1867. Only the Surgeon's Quarters remains today, and currently houses the Fort Dalles Museum. In 1971 the Fort Dalles Surgeon's Quarters was added to the National Register of Historic Places (Event #71000682).

Fort Dalles Museum ...
The Fort Dalles Museum was established in 1905 and is the oldest historical museum in Oregon. The Museum houses an historic vehicle collection.

Surgeon's Quarters ...

"Fort Dalles.    The arrival of United States troops -- the Rifle Regiment -- late in the fall of 1849, resulted in the establishment of the military post at The Dalles. In the following May, the log Fort Dalles was built and occupied by Major Tucker. In 1858 Colonel George Wright in command of the 9th U.S. Infantry replaced the old log barracks with a fine new fort of which there remains only one building. This was the surgeon's quarters. It is now the property of the Oregon Historical Society. It serves the purpose of the local historical building, by which name it is known. The site of Fort Dalles overlooks the camp (near the O.W.R.N. & Co.'s Passenger Depot) of Lewis and Clark where the American flag in October 1805 was displayed for the first time in that part of Oregon."

Source:    Horner, 1919, OREGON, Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature


Image, 2012, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Surgeons Quarters, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 29, 2012.


Historic Vehicle Collection ...
The Fort Dalles Museum houses an historic collection of over 30 antique wagons, carriages, and other vehicles, including The Dalles to Prineville stage coach/mail wagon, the Umatilla House omnibus and the Dalles Hotel omnibus, and a 1920s delivery wagon for Peoples Market.

Image, 2012, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Barn, Fort Dalles Historic Vehicle Collection, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 29, 2012.
Image, 2012, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Dalles to Prineville "N.P. Express" stage coach/mail wagon, and the 1870s Umatilla House omnibus, Fort Dalles Historic Vehicle Collection, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 29, 2012.
Image, 2012, Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1920s Peoples Market delivery wagon and Hotel Dalles 1910s omnibus, Fort Dalles Historic Vehicle Collection, The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken May 29, 2012.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Old Fort Dalles, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Old Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1920 Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Old Fort Dalles, Oregon". Part of the "Ezra Meeker Historical Post Cards for School, Libraries, the Home, and Collections." Each series contains 16 post card views with Historical Sketches on reverse side. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.

Caption on back reads: "In this encampment (called a fort) in the early fifties Grant, Sherman and Sheridan all had their earlier experiences in military life and Indian warfare. Here also lay sick almost to death that delightful writer, Theodore Winthrop, whose untimely death came so early in the War of the Rebellion. The Dalles proper of the Columbia River is a few miles up river way, where the river is turned on edge through the narrow gap of less than one hundred feet in width, with a channel said to be half a mile in depth. The stretch of river shown in the background is more than a mile in width of placid water, which continues through the great gap of the Cascade Mountains to the Cascade Falls below."

The building on the far right was the "Guard House".

Penny Postcard, Old Fort Dalles, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Officer's House, Old Fort Dalles, The Dalles, Oregon, ca.1920 Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1910, "Old U.S. Army Post near The Dalles, Oregon.". Building is former "Officer's House", now an Oregon Museum. The "Officer's House" is the oldest history museum in Oregon. The house was built in 1856. Published by Portland Post Card Co., Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington. Made in Germany. Card #70543. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 25, 1805 ...
a cool morning [their camp was near Horsethief Butte] Capt Lewis and my Self walked down to See the place the Indians pointed out as the worst place in passing through the gut, which we found difficuelt of passing without great danger, but as the portage was impractiable with our large Canoes, we Concluded to Make a portage of our most valuable articles and run the canoes thro accordingly on our return divided the party Some to take over the Canoes, and others to take our Stores across a portage of a mile to a place on the Chanel below this bad whorl & Suck, with Some others I had fixed on the Chanel with roapes to throw out to any who Should unfortunately meet with difficuelty in passing through; great number of Indians viewing us from the high rocks under which we had to pass, the 3 first Canoes passed thro very well, the 4th nearly filled with water, the last passed through by takeing in a little water, <we> thus Safely below what I conceved to be the worst part of this Chanel, felt my Self extreamly gratified and pleased. we loaded the Canoes & Set out, and had not proceeded, more than two mile before the unfortunate Canoe which filled crossing the bad place above, run against a rock and was in great danger of being lost, This Chanel is through a hard rough black rock, from 50100 yards wide. Swelling and boiling in a most tremendious maner Several places on which the Indians inform me they take the Salmon as fast as they wish; we passed through a deep bason to the stard Side ["Big Eddy", today Spearfish Lake] of 1 mile below which the River narrows and divided by a rock The Curent we found quit jentle, ...    we landed ...     we proceeded on down the water fine, rocks in every derection for a fiew miles when the river widens and becoms a butifull jentle Stream of about half a mile wide, Great numbers of the Sea Orter [Harbor Seals] about those narrows and both below and above. we Came too, under a high point of rocks on the Lard. Side below a creek [Mill Creek] of 20 yards wide and much water, as it was necessary to make Some Selestial observations we formed our Camp on the top of a high point of rocks [Rock Fort], which forms a kind of <artif> fortification in the Point between the river & Creek [Mill Creek], with a boat guard, this Situation we Concieve well Calculated for defence, and Conveniant to hunt under the foots of the mountain to the West & S. W. where timber of different kinds grows, and appears to be handsom Coverts for the Deer, in oke woods, ...   

This litle Creek [Mill Creek] heads in the range of mountains which run S S W & N W for a long distance on which is Scattering pine white Oake &c. The Pinical of the round toped mountain which we Saw a Short distance below the forks of this river is S. 43 W. of us and abt 37 miles, it is at this time toped with Snow we called this the falls mountain or Timm mountain [Mount Hood].     The face of the Countrey, on both Side of the river above and about the falls, is Steep ruged and rockey open and contain but a Small preportion of erbage, no timber a fiew bushes excepted, The nativs at the upper falls raft their timber down Towarnehooks River [Deschutes River] & those at the narrows take theirs up the river to the lower part of the narrows from this Creek, and Carry it over land 3 miles to their houses &c. at the mouth of this creek ...





Columbia PlateauReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   Fort Dalles Museum website, 2012; Horner, Professor J.B., 1919, OREGON, Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature, Press of the Gazette-Times, Corvallis, Oregon; National Register of Historic Places website, 2012; Neale, Mike, picasaweb photo gallery website, 2012, Fort Dalles Museum;

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/fort_dalles.html
© 2016, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
June 2012