Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Eagle Creek, Oregon"
Includes ... Eagle Creek ... Eagle Creek Bridge ... Eagle Creek Camping Grounds ... Metlako Falls ... Cascade Fish Hatchery ... Eagle Creek Overlook ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2006, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Upstream side. Image taken September 16, 2006.


Eagle Creek ...
Eagle Creek is located on the Oregon side of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 146.5, at the upstream end of the Bonneville Dam. Downstream is Wauna Point and Tanner Creek. Upstream is Ruckel Creek. The Cascade Fish Hatchery is located on the right bank of Eagle Creek, near it's mouth. Eagle Creek was the location of the first U.S. Forest Service Campground, established in 1916. Today Eagle Creek is one of the most popular hikes in the Columbia Gorge.

Metlako Falls ...
Metlako Falls plunges over 80 feet and is located approximately 1.8 miles upstream along Eagle Creek.

"... On Eagle creek are the Metlako falls, so called from the mythological Goddess of Salmon, and above are yet other falls unnamed and but seldom seen. The rushing torrent of the Eagle from its birthplace in Wahtum lake on the southern slopes of Chinidere is a succession of falls, cascades and cataracts. ... "

Source:    H.H. Riddell, 1916, Mazama, "Waterfalls Along the Columbia", vol.5.

Views ...

Image, 2015, Eagle Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Bridge, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2015.
Image, 2005, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Downstream side. Image taken June 29, 2005.
Image, 2006, Eagle Creek, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek, looking upsream. Image taken September 16, 2006.


Eagle Creek, etc.

  • Cascade Fish Hatchery ...
  • Eagle Creek Campground and Picnic Area ...
  • Eagle Creek Camping Grounds ...
  • Eagle Creek Overlook ...
  • Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter ...
  • Eagle Creek Staircase ...
  • Historic Columbia River Highway ...
  • Historic Columbia River Highway Bridge ...
  • Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail ...


Cascade Fish Hatchery ...
The Cascade Fish Hatchery located on 3.8 acres on the right bank of Eagle Creek. It was built in 1959 as part of the Mitchell Act. The hatchery uses the waters of Eagle Creek for egg incubation and the rearing of Coho Salmon. The location of the Cascade Fish Hatchery was once the location of a privately-owned campground with cabins, garages, and a two-story lodge located along what today is known as the Historic Columbia River Highway.

Eagle Creek Recreation Area:

"In 1915, the Oregon National Forest (by 1924 the Mount Hood National Forest) established the first improved forest campground in the United States near Eagle Creek, south and east of the CRH, as the Eagle Creek Forest Camp. It included day-use picnic facilities, good water, and sanitary conveniences. By the 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) had greatly enlarged the Eagle Creek Campground, constructing several major buildings. From 1915 to 1937, a privately owned campground northeast of the bridge rented cabins with attached garages. A two-story lodge offered home cooking, fishing supplies, and groceries. The Cascade Salmon Hatchery was constructed on this site in the 1950s. A suspension bridge constructed over Eagle Creek in 1936 to provide access to the Eagle Creek Trail was destroyed in a winter storm in 1996."


Source:    National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996.


[More]

Image, 2006, Cascade Fish Hatchery from Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cascade Fish Hatchery from Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2006, Cascade Fish Hatchery and the Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cascade Fish Hatchery and the Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.


Eagle Creek Campground and Picnic Area ...
Eagle Creek Campground and Picnic Area:

"The idea for the Eagle Creek Campground originated with Mount Hood Forest Supervisor Thomas H. Sherrard in 1914, and within a year the campground opened as the first "auto camp" in the northwest region. The present picnic area at Eagle Creek is separated from the camping area and was built entirely by the CCC in 1936. An extension to the picnic area was built in 1937 and included picnic spots and cooking stoves as well as additional parking. The CCC ovens in this area are in better condition than more recently built cement stoves.

The main Eagle Creek Campground and Picnic Area is a large recreation area that includes campsites on both sides of the Columbia River Highway. It is possibly the most elaborate and best preserved of the CCC-built recreation areas in the Mount Hood Forest. Structures still existing at Eagle Creek include two restrooms, a picnic shelter, an overlook building with a community kitchen, register booth, a suspension footbridge, and a garage. There are also drinking fountains, campfire pits, retaining walls, combination ovens/open fireplaces, campsites, and picnic areas."


Source:    Otis, et.al., 1986, "The Forest Service and The Civilian Conservation Corps: 1933-42, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, FS-395, August 1986, Chapter 14, Mount Hood National Forest;



Eagle Creek Camping Grounds ...
The "Eagle Creek Camp and Picnic Ground" opened in July 1916 and was the first official U.S. Forest Service "developed campground" within the United States, having tables, flush toilets, a check-in station, and ranger station. The campground was located at what was then the end of the Columbia River Highway, and was popular with residents of Portland who now had the new fangled "automobile". The Eagle Creek Camping Grounds were developed in cooperation with the Portland Chamber of Commerce and Progressive Businessmen’s Club of Portland. At the same time the U.S. Forest Service built the scenic 13.5-mile Eagle Creek Trail, a trail designed specifically for recreation use. Between 1933 and 1942 the Eagle Creek Camping Grounds were further developed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The Eagle Creek Campground was also the first campground to have a Forest Ranger on site. Albert Wiesendanger and his wife lived in a tent during the camping season, and he was reassigned to the Forest Service's Regional Office’s sign shop in Portland during the winter.

Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek Camping Grounds, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Eagle Creek Camping Grounds on the Columbia River Highway, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Eagle Creek Camping Grounds on the Columbia River Highway, Ore.". Eagle Creek Camping Grounds are the first U.S. Forest Service Camp Ground in the Columbia River Gorge. Published by The Oregon News Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #21. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


Eagle Creek Overlook ...
The Eagle Creek Overlook was built by the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) in 1937 to accommodate sightseers watching the construction of the Bonneville Dam. Good views can be had of Interstate 84, the Bonneville Dam, Beacon Rock, and Bradford Island.

Image, 2015, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken October 22, 2015.
Image, 2015, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Overlook, Eagle Creek, Oregon. The Bonneville Dam and Beacon Rock can be seen in the background. Image taken March 30, 2015.
Image, 2008, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Overlook, Eagle Creek, Oregon. The Bonneville Dam and Beacon Rock can be seen in the background. Image taken August 23, 2008.
Image, 2008, View from the mouth of Eagle Creek, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View from the mouth of Eagle Creek, Oregon. Beacon Rock is in the distance in the background. Image taken August 23, 2008.
Image, 2008, Bradford Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Bradford Island, with paddleboat, as seen from the Eagle Creek Overlook. Image taken August 23, 2008.


Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter ...
Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter:

"The Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter was built in 1937 and has continued to function as a community kitchen and picnic shelter. It is located on the north side of the Overlook Picnic Area at a point south of the Loop Road and overlooks the Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River. The overlook building and picnic area were developed to accommodate large numbers of viewers interested in watching the dam's construction. The bluff chosen for the shelter gave them a perfect vantage point to view the dam and the river. The campground and picnic areas offered facilities for extended sightseeing."


Source:    Otis, et.al., 1986, "The Forest Service and The Civilian Conservation Corps: 1933-42, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, FS-395, August 1986, Chapter 14, Mount Hood National Forest;



Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter:

"The overlook park is located on a bluff north of the Eagle Creek Campground and Picnic Area, between the Bonneville Dam Pool and the westbound lanes of Interstate 84. The facility was developed in 1937 by the ivilian Conservation Corps to handle the increased number of sightseers who were attracted to the Eagle Creek Recreation Area or wished to view the construction of Bonneville Dam (1933-37), the first federal dam on the Columbia River. ...   A stone retaining wall runs along the north perimeter of the park, and a "rustic system" community kitchen and restroom building overlooks the river. The overlook park contains a short extant portion of the old Columbia River Highway." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

"This building includes an enclosed dining room, with fireplace, and restrooms." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]


Image, 2015, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Picnic area gate, Eagle Creek Overlook, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2015.
Image, 2009, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.
Image, 2009, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.
Image, 2009, Eagle Creek Overlook, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View of Bonneville Dam, Eagle Creek Overlook Shelter, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken June 3, 2009.


Eagle Creek Staircase ...
"When the old Historic Columbia River Highway was reopened as a trail in 1996, some of it was just missing. Trail builders used a variety of techniques to connect the sections. Here, east of Tooth Rock, a large section of the road and the rock beneath it was blasted away to provide an approach to the new Tooth Rock Tunnel in 1937. The new highway surface is about 40 feet lower than the old. Trail builders had to resort to a staircase to link to two section together. Bicyclists will need to get off and walk, but a guideway has been provided beside the stairway to facilitate pushing bikes.

A few feet east of the stop sign at the top of the staircase is a hidden junction with another historic trail. This trail follows an ancient portage road westward over the ridge behind Tooth Rock. It's quite overgrown in places but very easy to follow. It connects with the Historical Columbia River Highway Trail near the Tooth Rock Trailhead. "

Source:    "PortlandHikers.org" website, 2014, Eagle Creek Staircase.


Image, 2014, Eagle Creek exit from Interstate 84, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek exit from Interstate 84, Oregon. Image taken April 13, 2014.
Image, 2014, Eagle Creek Staircase, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Staircase, Historical Columbia River Highway State Trail, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken from moving car on Interstate 84. Image taken June 9, 2014.
Image, 2014, Eagle Creek Staircase, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Eagle Creek Staircase, Historical Columbia River Highway State Trail, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Image taken June 5, 2014.


Historic Columbia River Highway ...
The Eagle Creek Bridge was once part of the Historic Columbia River Highway (HCRH). Today the bridge, along with the Toothrock Tunnel located just downstream, is one of the few places of the HCRH being used by Interstate 84. The Eagle Creek Bridge part of the off-ramp from Interstate 84 heading east to the Cascade Fish Hatchery, Eagle Creek Campground, and various trailheads. The concrete-arch bridge is faced with stone and was the only HRCH bridge to be built that way. A nice addition for weary early travelers is a "sitting area" built into the downstream side of the bridge. (For early views of the Eagle Creek Bridge see "The Golden Age of Postcards" below.)

[More Historic Columbia River Highway]
[More HCRH Route]

Image, 2006, Historic Columbia River Highway, Eagle Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Historic Columbia River Highway, Eagle Creek, Oregon. Looking west. Image taken September 16, 2006.


Historic Columbia River Highway Bridge "sitting area" ...
A nice addition for weary early travelers is a "sitting area" built into the downstream side of the bridge. (For early views of the Eagle Creek Bridge see "The Golden Age of Postcards" below.)

Image, 2006, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Towards sitting area, Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Downstream side. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2006, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sitting area, Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2006, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sitting area, Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.
Image, 2006, Eagle Creek Bridge, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Bench, Eagle Creek Bridge, Oregon. Image taken September 16, 2006.


Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail ...
[More]


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcard has become an snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Approach to Eagle Creek, Columbia River Highway, Oregon, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Approach to Eagle Creek, Columbia River Highway, Oregon.". Published by Lipschuetz & Katz, Portland, Oregon. Card #388. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: "Detail", Approach to Eagle Creek, Columbia River Highway, Oregon, ca.1920.
Closein view of "detail" of card above. Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Approach to Eagle Creek, Columbia River Highway, Oregon.". Published by Lipschuetz & Katz, Portland, Oregon. Card #388. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek Bridge, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Eagle Creek Bridge, Eagle Creek, Oregon, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Eagle Creek Bridge, Columbia River Highway, Oregon.". Caption on back reads: "Bridge across Eagle Creek. Over 60 feet in leength, of Italian dry cement construction with a wonderfully graceful arch through which dashes pell-mell the riotous cold, clear waters of Eagle Creek. This is one of the most beautiful of all the bridges on the Columbia River Highway.". Published by Wesley Andrews, Inc., Portland, Oregon. Card #813. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek and Bridge, ca.1923
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Eagle Creek and Bridge, Eagle Creek, Oregon, ca.1923.
Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1923, "Eagle Creek and Highway Bridge, Columbia River Highway, Oregon.". Published by Chas. L. Lipschuetz Company., Portland, Oregon. Card #338. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek Camping Grounds, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Eagle Creek Camping Grounds on the Columbia River Highway, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Eagle Creek Camping Grounds on the Columbia River Highway, Ore.". Eagle Creek Camping Grounds are the first U.S. Forest Service Camp Ground in the Columbia River Gorge. Published by The Oregon News Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #21. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Eagle Creek Trail, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Eagle Creek Trail, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Hitting the Trail up Eagle Creek Canyon, from Columbia River Highway, Ore.". Published by The Oregon News Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #8225. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Columbia River Highway, Eagle Creek, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Columbia River Highway at Eagle Creek, looking west, ca.1920.
Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Columbia River Highway, looking west from Eagle Creek.". Part of the caption on back reads: "This is another magnificent view from the highway, looking west from Eagle Creek at Tooth Mountain and showing Bridge of the Gods in the distance ...". Image copyright Weister Co. Published by Lipschuetz & Katz, Portland, Oregon. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, April 10, 1806 ...
Collins went out in the bottom to hunt [on the Oregon side of the Columbia in the Bonneville Dam area] agreeable to the order of last evening, and gibsons Crew was derected to delay for Collins dureing which time they were derected to Collect rozin from the pines in the bottom near our Camp [near Tanner Creek]     at 6 A M. we Set out and proceeded to the lower point of the Island [Bradford Island]    from whence we were Compelled to draw our Canoes up a rapid for about 1/4 mile which we Soon performed. Collins & gibson haveing not yet Come over we derected Serjt. Pryor to delay on the Island untill Gibson Came over & assist him with the large toe roap which we also left and to join us at a village of four houses of the Clah-lah-lar Tribe which is opposit to this Island on North Side at which place we intened to brackfast [vicinity of today's North Bonneville].    in crossing the River which at this place is not more than 400 yards wide we fell down a great distance owing to the rapidity of the Current. ...    at 10 oClock Sergt. Pryor and Gibson joined us with Collins who had killed 3 deer. these were all of the blacktailed fallow kind. We Set out and Continued up on the N. Side of the river with great dificuelty in Consequence of the Rapidity of the Current and the large rocks which forms this Shore; the South Side of the river is impassable. [On the Oregon side is the Eagle Creek and Ruckel Creek drainages, neither of which was mentioned in the Journals.]

As we had but one Sufficent toe roap and were obliged to employ the Cord in getting on our Canoes the greater part of the way we could only take them one at a time which retarded our progress very much. by evening we arived at the portage on the N. Side [Fort Rains] where we landed and Conveyed our baggage to the top of the hill about 200 paces distant where we found [formd?] a Camp. we had the Canoes drawn on Shore and Secured. the Small Canoe got loose from the hunters and went adrift with a tin cup & a tomahawk in her; the Indians Caught her at the last Village and brought her up to us this evening for which we gave them two knives; the Canoe overset and lost the articles which were in her.—.





Columbia River GorgeReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press;    Oregon Department Fish and Wildlife website, 2006;    Otis, et.al., 1986, "The Forest Service and The Civilian Conservation Corps: 1933-42, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, FS-395, August 1986, Chapter 14, Mount Hood National Forest;    Riddell, H.H., 1916, "The Lesser Waterfalls Along the Columbia, IN: Mazama, vol.5, 1916;    U.S. Forest Service website, 2006;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/eagle_creek.html
© 2016, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
April 2014