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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Drano Lake, Washington"
Includes ... Drano Lake ... Cook Hill ... Chemawa Hill ... Broughton Flume ... Campsite of October 29, 1805 ...
Image, 2004, Drano Lake, Washington, boat ramp, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drano Lake, Washington, with Chemawa Hill in the background. View from boat ramp. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Drano Lake ...
Drano Lake is created by backwater from the impoundment of the Columbia River from the Bonneville Dam. The lake enters the Bonneville Reservoir at Columbia River Mile (RM) 162. The Little White Salmon River drains into Drano Lake, and slack water from the lake extends some distance up the Little White Salmon River. The lake is a popular fishing spot and hosts a boat ramp. It can be reached from Washington State Highway 14. The White Salmon River is located 5 miles upstream, and the Wind River is located approximately 11 miles downstream. Wind Mountain, Collins Point, and Dog Mountain are located between Wind River and Drano Lake.

Early Drano Lake ...
The U.S. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records, show a William Drano being issued a land title on December 22, 1896, for 153.45 acres of parts of T3N R9E Sections 26 and 27, under the 1862 "Homestead Entry Original".

According to Keith McCoy (1987) in Mount Adams Country: Forgotten Corner of the Columbia River Gorge":

"... William Drano, known as French Billy, organized the Drano Flume Company to build a flume which traversed much of his homestead land. Underfinanced, the firm got into trouble and was bought out by Broughton Lumber Company. They not only completed the flume but it has served for 70 years - the last of the great flume mills. ..."

Views of Drano Lake ...

Image, 2004, Drano Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drano Lake, Washington. View from near the mouth of the Little White Salmon River. Image taken November 4, 2004.
Image, 2004, Drano Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drano Lake, Washington. View from near the mouth of the Little White Salmon River. Image taken November 4, 2004.
Image, 2004, Mouth of Drano Lake, looking towards the Columbia River, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drano Lake looking towards the Columbia River. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Drano Lake from the Oregon side ...
A good view of Drano Lake can be had from across the river at Mitchell Point, Oregon.

Image, 2005, Drano Lake, Washington, from Mitchell Point, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Drano Lake, Washington, from Mitchell Point, Oregon. Image taken August 27, 2005.


Drano Lake, etc.

  • Broughton Flume ...
  • Chemawa Hill ...
  • Cook Hill ...
  • Drano Lake Tunnels ...
  • Little White Salmon River ...
Broughton Flume ...
A section of the Broughton Flume can be seen on the side of Chemawa Hill, from the boat ramp at Drano Lake. The nine-mile-long flume was the last operating flume in the country, floating lumber from Willard, Washington, to the Broughton Lumber Mill at Hood, Washington, a rail station two miles west of White Salmon and near Underwood, Washington.
[More]

Image, 2004, Broughton Flume on Chemawa Hill, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Broughton Flume on Chemawa Hill, Washington. Image taken November 4, 2004.


Chemawa Hill ...
Chemawa Hill borders the eastern side of Drano Lake. Remnants of the Broughton Flume cross Chemawa Hill and can be seen from the boat launch on Drano Lake. The first of a cluster of five tunnels carved through the basalts for Washington State Highway 14 begins at the base of Chemawa Hill.

Image, 2003, Chemawa Hill, Washington, from Drano Lake, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Chemawa Hill, Washington. Chemawa Hill is upstream of the Little White Salmon River, and borders the eastern edge of Drano Lake. Remnants of the Broughton Flume cross Chemawa Hill, and can be seen from the boat launch on Drano Lake. Image taken October 25, 2003.


Cook Hill ...
Cook Hill borders the western side of Drano Lake.
[More]

Image, 2003, Cook Hill, Washington, from Drano Lake, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Cook Hill, as seen from Drano Lake, Washington. Image taken October 25, 2003.


Drano Lake Tunnels ...
Washington State Highway 14 Tunnel No.1 and Railroad Tunnel No.2 are at the eastern edge of Drano Lake. The Railroad Tunnel is the shortest of the eleven railroad tunnels along the Gorge, measuring only 122 feet.
[More]

Image, 2004, Tunnel No.1, Washington State Highway 14, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tunnel No.1, Washington State Highway 14. View from west end of Drano Lake. Image taken November 4, 2004.
Image, 2005, Tunnel No.1, Washington State Highway 14, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tunnel No.1, Washington State Highway 14. View from west end of Drano Lake. Image taken May 24, 2005.


Little White Salmon River and the Campsite of October 29, 1805 ...
The Little White Salmon River is located appoximately 5 miles downstream of the White Salmon River, and can be reached off of Washington State Highway 14, seven miles east of Carson, Washington. The Little White Salmon drains into Drano Lake before reaching the Columbia River. Lewis and Clark's camp of October 29, 1805, was near the Little White Salmon River.
[More]

Image, 2003, Mouth of the Little White Salmon River and Drano Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mouth of the Little White Salmon River, and Drano Lake, Washington. Drano Lake and the mouth of the Little White Salmon River (behind island), as seen from the boat ramp area. Image taken October 25, 2003.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805 ...
A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point], and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows [The Dalles] ...     they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village [vicinity of Dougs Beach]. ...     after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side [high basalt cliffs of the Rowena Gap, with Rowena Crest on the south and the Chamberlain Lake area on the north], containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side [Klickitat River] below which is a village of 11 houses [today the town of Lyle is on the upstream side of the Klickitat], here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows

we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken [passing Mayer State Park on the Oregon side]. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar [Memaloose Island] - The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it- passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island] on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side [Hood River]    a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [Hood River], the falls mountain [Mount Hood] is South and the top is covered with Snow.    one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River], opposit to a large Sand bar [from Hood River], in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek [White Salmon River] it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar [Hood River sandbar] is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, location of the Columbia Gorge Hotel],

[On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".]

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond [today the location of Drano Lake. The Little White Salmon River empties into Drano Lake.] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and went into the houses of those people ...     Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources for Little White Salmon River and Drano Lake: "A2ZGorge.info" website, 2004; Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority website, 2004; Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society; McCoy, K., 1987, Mount Adams Country: Forgotten Corner of the Columbia River Gorge; U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2006, General Land Office Records; Washington State Historical Society website, "Lasting Legacy", 2004.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2008