Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Washington"
Includes ... Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Washington ...
Image, 2010, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Conboy Lake and Mount Adams, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington. Image taken June 5, 2010.


Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge ...
Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge is located in Klickitat County approximlately 20 miles north of the Columbia River, and lies between the Klickitat River drainage at Columbia River Mile (RM) 180, and the White Salmon River drainage at RM 170. Mount Adams is to the north. Conboy Lake NWR is a part of the larger Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Complex.

About the Refuge ...
"Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge is one of the two confirmed nesting places for sandhill cranes in Washington. Although the sandhill crane is the most abundant crane worldwide, it is an endangered species in Washington. The small population of the sandhill cranes that breed in Washington are members of the greater sandhill crane subspecies, which numbers only 70-80,000 birds throughout its entire range. Greater sandhill cranes need isolated, open, wet meadows, or shallow marshes on the edges of rivers or lakes. Open meadows allow them to see predators from a distance, but there is some indication they select nest sites near interspersed groves, perhaps for wind and storm protection. Each family may actively protect as much as 250 acres. For centuries the Conboy Lake region has provided homes for cranes, but early settlers found it ideal for farming and cattle. To increase hay production, they partially drained Conboy Lake. Loss of habitat to such activities, along with hunting, took its toll on wildlife. By the end of the 19th century, journal entries indicate a scarcity of game—ducks, geese, and swans—in this area. Easily disturbed, cranes did not tolerate the increasing human population. Eventually, nesting pairs could not find suitable habitat. In 1964, Conboy Lake Refuge was established to preserve and restore this key habitat. Ironically, the refuge was not created for cranes. Yet, in 1979 one pair returned. Today there are 20-25 pairs."


Source:    Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge website, 2010.

Around the Refuge ...

Image, 2010, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sandhill Crane, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington. Image taken June 5, 2010.
Image, 2010, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Common Yellowthroat, female, Conboy Lake NWR, Washington. Image taken June 5, 2010.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805 ...




Columbia River GorgeReturn to
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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge website, 2010;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
/Regions/Places/conboy_lake_NWR.html
August 2011