Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Columbia River Fishing"
Includes ... Columbia River Fishing ... Butterfly Fleet ... Horse Seining ... Pacific Smelt ...
Image, 2012, Astoria mural, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, "Butterfly Fleet", Astoria, Oregon. Wauna Federal Credit Union Building. Taken from window of moving car. Image taken July 31, 2012.


Columbia River Fishing ...
(to come)


Columbia River Fishing



"Butterfly Fleet" ...
(to come)

Penny Postcard, Sturgeon Fishing, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sturgeon Fishing on the Columbia River, 1899.
Penny Postcard, Undivided Back (1901-1907), "Sturgeon FIshing on the Columbia River, Oregon.". Copyright, 1899, by Detroit Photographic Co. Card #5223. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Columbia River Fishing Fleet
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Columbia River Fishing Fleet.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Columbia River Fishing Fleet". Postmarked 1907. Edward H. Mitchell, Publisher, San Francisco. Card #511. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Image, 2012, Astoria mural, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Mural, "Butterfly Fleet", Astoria, Oregon. Wauna Federal Credit Union Building. Taken from window of moving car. Image taken July 31, 2012.


"Horse Seining" ...

"In 1895, R.D. Hume refined the technique by using horses to haul the seines. At the time, eighty-four seines were in use on the Columbia. The number increased to one hundred in the late 1920s. During their peak in the 1930s, seines took about 15 percent of the Columbia River salmon catch. A horse seine crew could employ from two to forty people and use up to seven teams of horses. ...

Seine-caught salmon were cheaper for the canneries than fish caught using other methods, and most seining sites were owned or leased by the salmon-canning companies. Seines operated from sunup to sunset, with catches usually best near daybreak; afternoon was the poorest time. On the Columbia River, seining took place on beaches and islands, where seine sites were named (for example, Sand Island and Desdemona Sands). ...

In 1948, horse and hand seines were outlawed by initiative petition in Oregon. The seines had been outlawed in Washington in 1934 because of corporate competition with independent fishing families."


Source:    Courtland L. Smith, "Seine Fishing", online at The Oregon Encyclopedia, accessed 2013.


"Many shallow areas between Puget Island and Astoria had horse seining operations dating back to the 1860's. Some of the sand bars had horse barns, canneries and cookhouses built on pilings, to avoid high tides. West Sand Island had four or five canning or seining companies operating there, and horses were grazed on the island. This activity peaked in 1926 and was banned in Washington in 1935."


Source:    Christy and Putera, 1993, Oregon State University Archives website, 2006.

[More Salmon]


Penny Postcard, Horse Seining Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Sepia, Undivided Back (1901-1907), "Seining for Salmon, Columbia River". Postmarked 1906. K.A. Vincent, Ilwaco and Long Beach, Wash. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Horse Seining Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Seining for Salmon, Columbia River, Oregon.". Postmarked September 1910. A.M. Mitchell, San Francisco. Card #2287. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Horse Seining Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Seining for Salmon, Columbia River, Oregon. On line of O.R. & N. Co.". Made in Germany. Card No.602. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Horse Seining Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Horse Seining, Columbia River, Oregon.
Penny Postcard, White Border, Divided Back (1915-1930), "Horse-seining, Columbia River, Oregon.". Anderson Scenic Post Cards, Portland, Oregon. Card "AS-1--Columbia River, Oregon". In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Caption on back: "Early day horse-seining for salmon. One end of the fish net was anchored on the sand bar. A skiff towed the net in an arc into the fish in the river, bringing the end back to the horses which pulled the full net of fish on to the sand bar to be harvested. This practice is discontinued."


Pacific Smelt ...
[More]

Penny Postcard, Columbia River Smelting, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Smelting, Columbia River. Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Shoveling Smelt, Columbia River, Oregon.". Published by Louis Scheiner, Portland, Oregon. Made in the U.S.A. Card R-28824. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Box on front reads: "From The Columbia River Smelt Co., Kelso, Washington".
Penny Postcard, Sandy River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Smelting, Sandy River, Troutdale, Oregon. Penny Postcard, Divided Back, "Sandy River, Oregon.". Published by Western Color Sales Inc., Portland, Oregon. Card #K1806. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Caption on back: "Sandy River, Oregon. Dip netters catching their limit of smelt, during the annual run, as the fish fight their way to their spawning grounds. This scene taken not far from Portland." Color by C.H. Ebeling.
Image, 2015, Sandy River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Smelt fishing, Sandy River, Oregon. Nice spring day. Image taken March 7, 2015.
Image, 2016, Cowlitz River, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Bucket of Smelt, Cowlitz River, Washington. Overcast gray chilly day. Image taken February 6, 2016.


Salmon Fishing ...
[More]

Penny Postcard, Horse Seining Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Seining for salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Seining for Salmon, Columbia River, Oregon.". Postmarked September 1910. A.M. Mitchell, San Francisco. Card #2287. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Salmon Fishing, Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Unloading Salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Unloading Salmon, Columbia River.". Pacific Novelty Compnay, Publishers, San Francisco, Cal. Made in Gt. Britain. Card No.929. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Salmon Fishing, Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Unloading Salmon, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Columbia River Salmon waiting for Shipment.". Published by M. Rieder, Los Angeles, Cal. Made in Germany. Card No. 3950. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Salmon Fishing, Columbia River, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Interior of a Salmon Cannery, Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Linen, Divided Back (1930s-1945), "Interior Salmon Cannery, Daily Capacity 60 Tons, Columbia River." Wesley Anderson Co., Portland, Ore. Card #799. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, McGowans Salmon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: McGowans Salmon.
Penny Postcard, Real Photo, Sepia, Undivided Back (1901-1907), "Two Million Cans of Columbia River Salmon". Postmarked 1908. Published for Olds, Wortman and King, Portland, Ore. Printed in Germany. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


Sturgeon Fishing ...
[More]

Penny Postcard, Sturgeon Fishing, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sturgeon Fishing on the Columbia River, 1899.
Penny Postcard, Undivided Back (1901-1907), "Sturgeon Fishing on the Columbia River, Oregon.". Copyright, 1899, by Detroit Photographic Co. Card #5223. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Sturgeon Fishing, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sturgeon Fishing on the Columbia River, 1899.
Penny Postcard, Undivided Back (1901-1907), "Sturgeon on the Columbia River, Oregon.". Copyright, 1899, by Detroit Photographic Co. Card #5222. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Sturgeon Fishing, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Sturgeon Fishing on the Columbia River.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Sturgeon caught in the Columbia River.". Published by Portland Post Card Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #P1054. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Sturgeon Fishing, Oregon
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Columbia River Sturgeon, 928 pounds.
Penny Postcard, Divided Back (1907-1915), "Columbia River Sturgeon, Weight 928 lbs.". Postmarked JUne 1910. Published by Portland Post Card Co., Portland, Oregon. Card #7259. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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January 2020