Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Collins, Collins Creek, Collins Landing, and Collins Point, Washington"
Includes ... Collins ... Collins Creek ... Collins Hot Spring ... Collins Landing ... Collins Point ... Collins Landslide ... Campsite of April 13, 1806 ...
Image, 2004, Wind Mountain and the Collins Slide, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Wind Mountain, Collins Point, and the Collins Landslide, Washington. View from Starvation Creek State Park, Oregon. Image taken September 24, 2004.


Collins, Collins Creek, Collins Landing, and Collins Point ...
Collins, Collins Creek, Collins Landing, and Collins Point were all named for William Collins who settled in the area in the 1870s.

Collins Creek ...
Collins Creek is a small creek (0.8 miles) which follows the west side of Dog Mountain draining into the Columbia River at Collins Point. A small lake, Grant Lake, is nestled between Collins Creek and Dog Mountain. The 1878 U.S. Bureau of Land Management's cadastral survey (tax survey) for T3N R9E shows Collins Creek merging into the Columbia River in Section 31. In 1979 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made the name "Collins Creek" official.

Collins Point ...
Collins Point is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 158, upstream of Wind Mountain and downstream of Grant Lake and Dog Mountain. Good views of Collins Point can be seen from across the river at Starvation Creek State Park.

Image, 2005, Collins Point as seen from Washington State Highway 14, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Collins Point, Washington. View from downstream off of Washington State Highway 14. Image taken February 26, 2005.
Image, 2005, Collins Point as seen from downstream, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Collins Point, Washington, as seen from Washington State Highway 14. Image taken February 26, 2005.


Lewis and Clark and Collins Creek ...
Lewis and Clark's campsite of April 13, 1806, was on the Washington shore of the Columbia River, between Collins Creek and Dog Creek.
[More]

William Collins ...
Collins, Collins Creek, Collins Landing, and Collins Point were all named for William Collins, an early settler and eventual Skamania County Judge.

The 1860 Federal Census for Skamania County, Washington Territory, did not list anyone with the name "Collins".

The 1870 Federal Census for Skamania County, Washington Territory, lists William Collins, occupation: "Farmer", age 55, from New Hamshire, Mary Collins, occupation: "Keepinghouse", age 54, from Massachusetts, and Abby Collins, age 20, from New Jersey.

Ten years later the 1880 Federal Census for Skamania County, Washington Territory, lists William Collins, occupation: "Probate Judge Skamania County, W. T.", age 67, from New Hampshire, and his wife, Mary F. Collins, occupation: "keeping house", age 65, from Massachusetts.


Early Collins ...
According to C.Albert White's "Land Slide Report" (BLM, 1998):

"Portions of Tps. 3N., Rs. 8 and 9E., and meanders of the right bank of the Columbia River were surveyed by E.L. Smith and Samuel J. Spray in 1875 ...   In his 1875 field notes, Samuel Spray noted the Collins house in Lot 4, section 31, and the "Collins Wood Flume" near the west side of Collins Creek. He also stated that most of the timber in the area had been logged off."

The 1875 Cadastral Survey (tax survey) map for T3N R9E shows "Collins Cr." merging into the Columbia River in Section 31, and the "Collins" homestead located on its right bank. This is located within the claim of James M. Findley.

The 1875 Cadastral Survey (tax survey) map for T3N R8E shows a "Collin Barn" on the left bank of a small drainage west of Wind Mountain in the southeast corner of Section 27. Today this is the location of the Washington community of Home Valley.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office (GLO) records website shows William Collins being granted title to 120 acres along Collins Creek, in T3N R9E Sec.30, north of Collins Point on December 10, 1881 (1820 Sale Cash Entry).

On May 6, 1882, James M. Findley was granted title to 351.21 acres at the tip of Collins Point, T3N R9E Sec.31, and T3N R8E Sec.36 (1850 Oregon Donation Act).

In 1906 a hospital associated with the North Bank Road existed in "Collins Springs".

"Dr. Scott, in charge of the hospital of the North Bank road located at Collins Springs, was a visitor at Hood River this week." ["The Hood River Glacier", September 13, 1906, Historic Oregon Newspapers, University of Oregon Libraries, 2015]

The 1911 USGS Mount Hood and Vicinity Topographic Map lists the town of "Collins", located on the bank of the Columbia just uphill of a point, directly across from Oregon's Shellrock Mountain and downstream of Collins Creek. Five structures are shown including the original Collins structure.

The 1946 NOAA Chart "Bonneville to The Dalles" has the town of "Collins" while the 1966 chart only lists point at that location "Collins Point". Today's charts list "Collins Point".

In 1979 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made the name "Collins Creek" official.



Collins, etc.

  • Collins Hot Spring ...
  • Collins Point Landslide ...
  • "North Bank Road" (Railroad) ...


Collins Hot Spring ...
The Collins Hot Spring and the site of the Collins Hot Springs Resort were located near Collins Point, Washington, and today are under the waters of Bonneville Reservoir. The resort boasted spring waters of 120F.
[More]


Collins Point Landslide ...
The Collins Point Landslide lies between Wind Mountain and Dog Mountain and consists chiefly of material from the Ohanapecosh Formation. This is still an active landslide, moving 40 to 50 feet a year at the upper end of the slide and 5 to 10 feet a year at the toe ("Collins Point"). The most impressive landslide however along this stretch of the Columbia occurred around 1100 A.D. The large Bonneville landslide, between the cities of North Bonneville and Stevenson, was 200 feet high and covered five square miles. That landslide blocked the Columbia River for a short period and gave rise to the legend of the Bridge of the Gods. The infamous "Submerged Forest" was also a result of the landslide.

Image, 2004, Collins Point Landslide, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Collins Point Landslide, Washington. View from Starvation Creek State Park, Oregon. Image taken September 24, 2004.


"North Bank Road" (Railroad) ...
The Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railroad, competitors in the transcontinental business, launched the Seattle Portland & Seattle Railway in 1905 and built a line along the north side of the Columbia River. This line was known as "The North Bank Road", "The North Bank Railroad", "Columbia River Scenic Route", and "The Northwests Own Railway". The tracks were started in October 1905 and completed in February 1908, with a celebration being held on March 11th at Sheridan Point upstream of the Fort Rains Blockhouse location. On March 19th, regular passenger servcie between Vancouver and Pasco was begun. The journey took eight hours.
[More]


"The Golden Age of Postcards ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Penny Postcards today have become a part of history.

Penny Postcard, Wind Mountain as seen from Steamer, ca.1908 Penny Postcard: Wind Mountain and Collins Landing, Washington, as seen from Steamer, ca.1908. Penny Postcard, Copyrighted 1908. Caption on front reads: "Wind Mountain, Columbia River". Collins Landing is visible on the shoreline. Published by Benj. A. Gifford, The Dalles, Oregon, Copyright 1908. Card #325. Made in Germany. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, April 13, 1806 ...
The loss of one of our large Canoes rendered it necessary to divide the loading and men of that Canoe between the remaining four, which was done and we loaded and Set out at 8 oClock A. M. [from their camp near Ashes Lake]     passed the village imediately above the rapids where only one house remains entire the other 8 haveing been taken down and moved to the opposit Side of the Columbia [downstream of Rock Creek and Stevenson, Washington] ...     Capt. Lewis with 2 of the Smallest Canoes of Sergt. Pryor & gibson and Crossed above the Rapids [Cascade Rapids] to the Village on the S E Side [east of Cascade Locks] with a view to purchase a Canoe of the nativs if possible. ...     I with the two large Canoes proceeded on up the N. W. Side with the intention of gitting to the Encampment of our hunters who was derected to hunt in the bottom above Crusats River [Wind River], and there wait the arrival of Capt. Lewis. I proceeded on to the bottom in which I expected to find the hunters but Could See nothing of them. the wind rose and raised the wavs to Such a hight that I could not proceed any further. we landed and I sent out Shields and Colter to hunt; Shields Shot two deer but Could get neither of them. I walkd. to Crusats river [Wind River] and up it a mile on my return to the party found that the wind had lulled and as we Could See nothing of our hunters. I deturmined to proceed on to the next bottom where I thought it probable they had halted at passed 2 P M Set out and proceeded on to the bottom 6 miles and halted at the next bottom formed a Camp and Sent out all the hunters [near Dog Mountain, between Collins Creek and Dog Creek].     I also walked out my self on the hills but saw nothing. on my return found Capt. Lewis at Camp with two canoes which he had purchased at the Y-ep-huh ...

I was convinced that the hunters must have been up River Cruzatt [Wind River]. despatched Sergt. Pryor with 2 men in a Canoe, with directions to assend Crusats River [Wind River] and if he found the hunters to assist them in with the meat. Jo: Shields returned about Sunset with two deer which he had killed, those were of the Black tail fallow Deer. <the> there appears to be no other Species of Deer in those mountains. We proceeded on 12 miles.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    McArthur, L.A., and McArthur, L.L., 2003, Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press, Portland;    NOAA Office of Coast Survey website, 2005;    Oregon Bureau of Land Management website, 2005;    U.S. Bureau of Land Management General Land Office Records website, 2006, 2016;    U.S. Forest Service website, 2004, Gifford Pinchot National Forest;    U.S. Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2006;    U.S. Geological Survey, 1911, Mount Hood and Vicinity, Washington 1:125,000 Topographic Map;    U.S.GenWeb Project website, 2006;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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February 2013