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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint (Chanticleer Point), Oregon"
Includes ... Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint ... Chanticleer Point ... Chanticleer Inn ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2006, Crown Point and Chanticleer Point, click to enlarge
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Crown Point (left) and Chanticleer Point (right). View from Tunnel Point Viewpoint, Interstate 84, Oregon. Image taken September 23, 2006.


Chanticleer Point ...
Once called "Chanticleer Point" and the home of a world-famous "Chanticleer Inn" (see more below), the location now is known as the Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Chanticleer Point is located on the Oregon side of the Columbia at Columbia River Mile (RM) 127.5. Upstream is Crown Point, Vista House, and Rooster Rock and downstream is Tunnel Point and Corbett Station, once a railroad stop on the Columbia below the community of Corbett. Directly across the Columbia on the Washington shore is Point Vancouver and the Steigerwald Lake NWR.

Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint ...
When the Chanticleer Inn burned down in 1930 the property was purchased by the Portland Women's Forum and donated to the Oregon State Parks amd Recreation Department.

Chanticleer Point Geology ...
The Historic Columbia River Highway at Chanticleer Point/Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint runs along the headscarp of the Rooster Rock landslide. The continuous road exposures between Chanticleer Point and Crown Point are predominantly Troutdale formation.

Historic Columbia River Highway ...
Once called "Chanticleer Point" and the home of a world-famous Inn, the location now is known as the Portland Woman's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. This spot offers spectacular views of the Columbia River Gorge and Crown Point and Vista House.

[More Historic Columbia River Highway]
[More HCRH Route]

  • HMP 22.0 ... Chanticleer Point (now Portland Women's Forum, created 1962)
  • HMP 22.6 ... Portland Women's Forum State Scenic Viewpoint

  • Portland Women's Forum State Scenic Viewpoint:   "This small state park is located at Chanticleer Point, where the first long-distance view of the Columbia River Gorge is encountered east of Portland. ...   Here, for travelers in the early part 20th century, Chanticleer Inn offered country dining with a view of the Gorge off its veranda. The location was as far east from Portland on the county's road network as anyone could drive prior to the CRH's construction. Some diners even traveled by train to Rooster Rock, at the river's edge and then by automobile or carriage up a steep road to the Inn, some 700 feet above the river. The site was important in the CRH's developemtn because promoters and boosters met there to plan the route and continued as a popular destination once the highway was completed. Chanticleer Inn burned in the 1930s. Subsequently, the Portland Women's Forum, which was active in preserving the Columbia River Gorge's natural beauty, gained title to the property. It donated the parcel to the state for a park in 1962. Additional acreage was acquired in 1970." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

  • Portland Women's Forum State Park (1962):   "The small state park is located at Chanticleer Point, where the first long distance view of the Columbia River Gorge is encountered east of Portland. The park is the site of the old Chanticleer Inn, a popular restaurant incidentally important in the development of the Columbia River Highway. In 1913, the promoters and boosters of the Columbia River Highway met here to plan the highway. The restaurant burned in the 1930s. The park began from a gift of the Portland Women's Forum. The total park size is 7.26 acres, excluding the county road right-of-way through the park." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2006, Chanticleer Point, click to enlarge
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Chanticleer Point, now the Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, with the Samuel Hill Memorial Rock. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2004, Crown Point from Portland Woman's Forum Scenic View, click to enlarge
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View from Chanticleer Point, now the Portland's Woman Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken October 11, 2004.


Views ...

Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint Sign, click to enlarge
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Parking, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, click to enlarge
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Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint (Chanticleer Point). View of the Columbia River and Vista House, located on Crown Point. Image taken September 23, 2006.


Chanticleer Point, etc.

  • Chanticleer Inn ...
  • Chanticleer Point Monument Marker ...
  • Crown Point and Vista House ...
  • Rain Shower ...
  • Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road ...
  • Samuel Hill Memorial ...


Chanticleer Inn ...
The Chanticleer Inn was built in 1912 before the construction of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Access to the Inn was by train to the Depot at Rooster Rock, or by boat up the Columbia River to the dock, and then climbing steep stairs or taking a horse-drawn coach up a windy road (later a motorized coach). In 1915 when the Highway opened, access became easier and the Inn prospered. Chanticleer Inn burned down October 8, 1930. The site was later purchased by the Portland Women's Forum and donated to the Oregon State Parks amd Recreation Department.
[More]

Penny Postcard, Chanticleer Inn, ca.1916
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Approach to Chanticleer Inn, Columbia River Highway, ca.1916.
Penny Postcard, ca.1916. On back is printed "Menu Chanticleer Inn", including "Regular Chicken Dinner" for $1.50. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Chanticleer Inn, ca.1916
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Chanticleer Inn, ca.1916.
Penny Postcard, ca.1916, "Chanticleer Inn, Columbia Highway, Ore." Year given as 1916 on "PDXHistory.com" website, with comment "the back porch was enlarged and enclosed". Card #647. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Advertisement, Chanticleer Inn, 1919
Click image to enlarge
Advertisement: Chanticleer Inn, 1919.
Source: "The Automobile Blue Book", 1919, vol.9.


Chanticleer Point Monument Marker ...
"Chanticleer Point, Portland Women's Forum, Dedicated to the Preservation of the Natural Beauty of the Columbia River Gorge, May 19, 1960."

Image, 2014, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, click to enlarge
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Monument, Chanticleer Point, 1960. Image taken July 7, 2014.
Image, 2008, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint Sign, click to enlarge
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Monument, Chanticleer Point, 1960. Image taken July 27, 2008.


Crown Point and Vista House ...

Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
View upstream from the Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. View of Crown Point and Vista House, with Skamania Island, Beacon Rock, and the Bonneville Dam complex in the background. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2005, Crown Point from Portland Woman's Forum Scenic View, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Crown Point and Vista House. View from Portland's Woman Forum Scenic View (formerly Chanticleer Point). Image taken October 22, 2005.
Image, 2006, Vista House from Chanticleer Point, click to enlarge
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Vista House from Chanticleer Point. Bonneville Dam complex is visible in the background. Image taken September 23, 2006.


Rain Shower ...

Image, 2009, View from Chanticleer Point click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Columbia Gorge rain shower, Crown Point as seen from Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken March 22, 2009.


Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road ...
The Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road (also known as the "Rooster Rock Wagon Road") started at rail station near the Rooster Rock Cannery and wound it's way up the basalt cliffs to the Chanticleer Inn at Chanticleer Point, today the location of the Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint.
[More]

Image, 2014, Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, Oregon. View of Road less than 0.1 mile from trailhead at Chanticleer Point, with Vista House and Devil's Rest in the distance. Image taken July 7, 2014.
Image, 2014, Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rooster Rock to Chanticleer Road, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint, Oregon. View of Road approximately 0.13 miles from trailhead at Chanticleer Point, with Vista House and Devil's Rest in the distance. Image taken July 7, 2014.


Samuel Hill Memorial ...
The large 50-ton basalt boulder at the entrance to the Portland Womens' Forum Scenic Viewpoint was erected in the 1930s as a tribute to entrepreneur Samuel Hill, an early promotor of the Historic Columbia River Highway. (Hill also built the Maryhill Museum, originally a home for his daughter, and the Stonehenge Memorial as a tribute to War Veterans from Klickitat, Washington.) A bronze profile of Hill and four large bronze bas-relief plaques circle the rock. The plaques were the work of sculptor Alonzo Victor Lewis. Three of the plaques depict Columbia Gorge history and the fourth was dedicated to Hill. The basalt boulder was quarried at the Rocky Butte Quarry located downstream.

[More Historic Columbia River Highway]
[More HCRH Route]

  • HMP 22.0 ... Samuel Hill Memorial (Portland Women's Forum, 1932)

  • Samuel Hill Memorial (1932):   "In 1930, this 50-ton basalt boulder was moved from the Rocky Butte Quarry, in east Portland, to its present site, at the CRH's intersection with the riveway leading to the Portland Women's Forum State Scenic Viewpoint, as a memorial for Samuel Hill. Seattle sculptor Alonzo Victor Lewis designed several bronze bas-reliefs for the rock, including three panels measuring 24" x 36" that depict Gorge history (aboriginal life, Lewis and Clark meeting the Indians along the Columbia, and transportation along the rive before the CRH). Alonzo Victor Lewis also designed a round relief bust of Samuel Hill, along with a dedicatory plaque. The boulder was placed on a platform consisting of three basalt steps. Sixteen stone posts, each weighing one ton, were palced around the rock in a circle 45 feet in diameter. Hand-made wrought-iron chains connect the bollards. Four openings provide entrances to the enclosure." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

  • Samuel Hill Memorial (1932):   "A large rock, located at the park entrance, is a memorial to Samuel Hill, the CRH's visionary. It was dedicated on 13 May 1932." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Sam Hill, Road Builder, click to enlarge
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"Samuel Hill, Road Builder", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Columbia Navigation, click to enlarge
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"Columbia River Navigation", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Columbia Navigation, click to enlarge
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Detail, "Columbia River Navigation", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Lewis and Clark, click to enlarge
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"Lewis and Clark Arrive Columbia River", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Lewis and Clark, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Detail, "Lewis and Clark Arrive Columbia River", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.
Image, 2006, Portland Women's Forum, Bronze, Aboriginal's Paradise, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Detail, "Aboriginal's Paradise", Bronze, Portland Women's Forum Scenic Viewpoint. Image taken September 23, 2006.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcard has become an snapshot of history.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 3, 1805 ...
The Fog So thick [typical of the Pacific Northwest in the fall and spring] this morning that we could not See a man 50 Steps off, this fog detained us untill 10 oClock at which time we Set out [from their camp at Rooster Rock], ...    I walked on the Sand beech Lard. Side, opposit the canoes as they passed allong. The under groth rushes, vines &c. in the bottoms too thick to pass through, at 3 miles I arrived at the enterance of a river [Sandy River] which appeared to Scatter over a Sand bar, the bottom of which I could See quite across and did not appear to be 4 Inches deep in any part; I attempted to wade this Stream and to my astonishment found the bottom a quick Sand, and impassable- I called to the Canoes to put to Shore, I got into the Canoe and landed below the mouth, & Capt Lewis and my Self walked up this river about 1 miles to examine this river which we found to be a verry Considerable Stream Dischargeing its waters through 2 Chanels which forms an Island [Sandy River Delta, which has had various names throughout history] of about 3 miles in length on the river and 1 miles wide, composed of Corse Sand which is thrown out of this quick Sand river Compressing the waters of the Columbia and throwing the whole Current of its waters against its Northern banks, within a Chanel of a mile wide, Several Small Islands 1 mile up this river, This Stream has much the appearance of the River Platt: roleing its quick Sands into the bottoms with great velocity after which it is divided into 2 Chanels by a large Sand bar before mentioned, the narrowest part of this River is 120 yards-on the Opposit Side of the Columbia a <large Creek> falls in [Washougal River]     above this Creek on the Same Side is a Small prarie [location of Washougal, Washington, Cottonwood Beach, now the home of Captain William Clark Park, and the Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge]. extensive low country on each Side thickly timbered [low area upstream of Cottonwood Beach and Captain William Clark Park is the Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge].

The Quick Sand river [Sandy River] appears to pass through the low countrey at the foot of those high range of mountains in a Southerly direction,- The large Creeks which fall into the Columbia on the Stard. Side [Washougal River] rise in the Same range of mountains to the N. N. E. and pass through Some ridgey land- A Mountain which we Suppose to be Mt. Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon] is S. 85 E about 47 miles distant from the mouth of quick sand river [Sandy River]     This mtn. is Covered with Snow and in the range of mountains which we have passed through and is of a Conical form but rugid- after takeing dinner at the mouth of this river [Sandy River]  we proceeded on passed the head of a Island [Lady Island] near the lard Side [???] back of which on the Same Side and near the head a large Creek falls in [Washougal River, today the town of Camas, Washington, lies between Lady Island and the Washougal River], and nearly opposit & 3 miles below the upper mouth of quick Sand river is the lower mouth, [for?] This Island [Lady Island] is 3 1/2 miles long, has rocks at the upper point, Some timber on the borders of this Island in the middle open and ponney. Some rugid rocks in the middle of the Stream opposit this Island.   <proceeded in> to Center of a large Island in the middle of the river which we call Dimond Isld. [Government Island] from its appearance, here we met 15 Indn men in 2 canoes from below, they informed us they Saw 3 vestles below &c. &c. we landed on the North Side of this Dimond Island and Encamped [on the north side of Government Island, perhaps opposite Fishers Landing],     Capt. L walked out with his gun on the Island, Sent out hunters & fowlers- below quick Sand River [Sandy River] the Countrey is low rich and thickly timbered on each Side of the river  [on the Oregon side this area is the eastern end of the Columbia Slough, located on the floodplain of the Willamette River with the Columbia River],   the Islands open & Some ponds river wide and emence numbers of fowls flying in every direction Such as Swan, geese, Brants, Cranes, Stalks, white guls, comerants & plevers &c. also great numbers of Sea Otter in the river [Harbor Seals] -     a Canoe arrived from the village below the last rapid ...     Capt Lewis borrowed a Small Canoe of those Indians & 4 men took her across to a Small lake in the Isld. [Government Island] ...    ...  :  note the mountain we Saw from near the forks proves to be Mount Hood [Mount Hood, Oregon]





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    American ByWays website, 2006;    Evarts, R.C., Conrey, R.M., Fleck, R.J., and Hagstrum, J.T., 2009, The Boring Volcanic Field of Portland-Vancouver area, Oregon and Washington: Tectonically anomalous forearc volcanism in an urban setting: IN: The Geological Society of America Field Guide 15;    Oregon State Police report, 2006, with information from the Oregon State Department of Transportation website, September 6, 2006;    "PDXHistory.com" website, 2006;    University of Oregon Libraries Columbia River Basin Digital Collection, 2013, "Official Columbia Highway Tour", 1916, Published by The Scenic Tours Company, Portland, Oregon;

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
July 2009