Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Cape Horn Landing, Washington"
Includes ... Cape Horn Landing ... Cape Horn ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2005, Cape Horn, tunnel, train, landing, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Train leaving Cape Horn Tunnel and approaching Cape Horn Landing. View from Bridal Veil Overlook. Image taken October 22, 2005.


Cape Horn Landing ...
Cape Horn Landing is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 132, just upstream of the massive basalt cliffs known as Cape Horn. Just offshore is Phoca Rock. Good views of Cape Horn and Cape Horn Landing can be had from the Oregon side of the river at the Bridal Veil Overlook.

Gustavus Hine's "Cape Horn" ??? ...
Rev. Gustavus Hines wrote about a third "Cape Horn" in 1843, with this Cape Horn being a "low point of land". Its location quite possibly is today's Cape Horn Landing, just east of the basalt feature of that name.

"... At twelve o’clock, we passed a low point of land which has received the name of Cape Horn, in consequence of the difficulty of the navigation of this part of the river arising, from the strength of wind which generally prevails here. Often, when it is safe running on all other parts of the river, canoes, on arriving here, are obliged to lie by, sometimes for days, before they can possibly pass this point. Indeed, the Cape Horn of the Columbia is more difficult to double with the pigmy craft which is used on this river, than the Stormy cape bearing the same Name at the southern extremity of Terra del Fuego. ..." [Hines, May 1, 1843]

Image, 2006, Cape Horn Landing and Phoca Rock, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Location of Cape Horn Landing and Phoca Rock, as seen from the Cape Horn Viewpoint. Image taken April 22, 2006.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.

Penny Postcard, Cape Horn, Columbia River, 1901
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn with Cape Horn Landing, Washington, 1901. Penny Postcard, Copyright 1901, "Cape Horn on the Columbia River". Copyright 1901 by the Detroit Photographic Company. Undivided back. Card #5869. Cape Horn Landing is visible on the right. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Cape Horn, Columbia River, ca.1905
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn, as seen from upstream, ca.1905. Penny Postcard, ca.1905, "Cape Horn, 400 feet, Columbia River.". Published by D.M. Averill & Co. Publishers, Portland, Oregon. Undivided back. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Steamer past Cape Horn, ca.1910
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn, Washington, with passing steamer, ca.1910. Penny Postcard, ca.1910, "Palisades on the Columbia River.". Published by the J.K. Gill Co., Card #3952. Made in Germany. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Penny Postcard, Steamer past Cape Horn, ca.1920
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Cape Horn and Cape Horn Landing, Washington, and the steamer "Dallas City", ca.1920. Penny Postcard, ca.1920, "Passing Cape Horn, Columbia River". Caption along the bottom reads "'Dallas City', one of the many steamers out of Portland". Published by Chas. S. Lipschuetz Company, Portland, Oregon. Card has postmark of August 1921. Card #248. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2011