Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Canoe Ridge and Canoe Encampment Rapids, Washington"
Includes ... Canoe Ridge ... Canoe Encampment Rapids ... Whitcomb Island ... Yakima Fold Belt ... Columbia River Basalt Group ...
Image, 2003, Canoe Ridge, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Canoe Ridge, Washington. Image taken September 26, 2003.


Canoe Ridge ...
Canoe Ridge, Washington, follows the Columbia River shoreline and extends from Crow Butte on the west to the Blalock Islands on the east. Dead Canyon (Columbia River Mile (RM) 264) marks Canoe Ridge's western edge and Glade Creek (RM 272) marks its eastern edge. At its base lies Whitcomb Island. Across the Columbia River on the Oregon side is located the town of Boardman. Today, Canoe Ridge, along with downstream Alder Ridge, is becoming prime vineyard area.

From the Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database (2019):

"Canoe Ridge (T5N R24E, Sec.34-35) ... This ridge runs parallel to the Columbia River east and north of Crow Butte and west of the remains of Blalock Island in southern Benton County. The ridge received its name because it was once above Canoe Rapids in Columbia River. The construction of the John Day Dam and Lake Umatilla have made the ridge a prime area for the growing of grapes."

Canoe Ridge is one in a series of anticlines occurring along the Columbia Hills Uplift, a part of the Yakima Fold Belt of the Columbia River Basalt Group. As is typical for the region, Canoe Ridge is underlain by an extensive series of thick Miocene-age flood basalts interbedded with sedimentary rocks.


Canoe Encampment Rapids ...
The two-mile-long Canoe Encampment Rapids were located at Columbia River Mile (RM) 264, above the constriction which Crow Butte creates in the Columbia River.

From the Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database (2019):

"Canoe Encampment Rapids (T4N R24E, Sec.3) ... Now submerged by Lake Umatilla, the reservoir behind John Day Dam these rapids were immediately upstream of Crow Butte and west of Blalock Island in the Columbia River in present Benton County. There was an Indian camp at the bottom of the rapids where river users would rest after doing the rapids and perhaps do some trading."

[More]


Early Maps ...

Historic Map, 1906, Crow Butte and Castle Rock, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
1906 Topographic map detail, showing Crow Butte and Canoe Ridge, Washington, and Castle Rock, Oregon. Also showing the Columbia River and the "Canoe Encampment Rapids". Original map 1:125,000 "Blalock Island Quadrangle", Washington-Oregon, U.S. Geological Survey, 1906 edition.


Umatilla National Wildlife Area ...
Canoe Ridge forms the backdrop for the Whitcomb Island Unit of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge.

Views ...

Image, 2004, Canoe Ridge, Washington, from Tower Road, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Canoe Ridge, Washington, and Whitcomb Island: Canoe Ridge, Washington, as seen from Tower Road, Oregon. Whitcomb Island is barely discernable along the shoreline (green at base of Canoe Ridge). Image taken September 24, 2004.
Image, 2003, Columbia River and Canoe Ridge, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Canoe Ridge, Washington: Columbia River as seen from Boardman, Oregon, looking across part of the Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge (Columbia River Unit). Canoe Ridge, Washington, is in the background. The Whitcomb Island Unit of the Refuge is the greenery along the shore. Image taken September 26, 2003.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 20, 1805 ...




Columbia PlateauReturn to
Menu
 






*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management's General Land Office (GLO) Records database, 2004;
  • Tacoma Public Library's "Washington Place Names" database, 2019;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
/Regions/Places/canoe_ridge.html
June 2012