Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
Home Regions Campsites Penny Postcards My Corps of Discovery Image Index Links About This Site Main Menu
Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Burke Island, Burke Slough, Martin Island, Martin Slough, Washington"
Includes ... Burke Island ... Burke Slough ... Martin Island ... Martin Slough ... Martin Island Lagoon ... "Urry's Islands" ... "Paia Island" ... "Smoke Island" ...
Image, 2004, Martin Island, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Martin Island and Lagoon, Washington. View shows Martin Slough, Martin Island, Lagoon, Martin Island, Columbia River, Goat Island, and the Oregon banks of the Columbia River. From above Interstate 5 on the Washington side of the Columbia. Image taken April 9, 2004.


Burke and Martin Islands and Sloughs ...
Burke Island and Martin Island are two islands on the Washington side of the Columbia River, stretching from River Mile (RM) 79.5 to RM 82.5. Excellent views of the islands can be seen from Interstate 5. Burke Island is the upstream of the two islands and is separated from the Washington shore and the Lewis River floodplain by Burke Slough, and from Martin Island on the north by Martin Slough. The Lewis River merges with the Columbia 5 miles upstream of Martin and Burke, and the Kalama River lies approximately 6 miles downstream of the islands. Immediately downstream is Martin Bluff overlooking the islands. On the Oregon side of the Columbia River, directly across from Martin and Burke Islands, is Deer Island and Goat Island.

Image, 2006, Martin Bluff, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Descending Martin Bluff with Martin Island and the Columbia River. View from Interstate 5 heading south looking towards the Columbia River with Martin Island on the right. Image taken December 2, 2006.
Image, 2004, Burke and Martin Islands and Sloughs, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke and Martin Islands and Sloughs, Washington. View shows Interstate 5, and from left to right: Washington mainland (Lewis River floodplain), Burke Slough, Burke Island, Martin Slough, and Martin Island. View from above Interstate 5 on the Washington side of the Columbia. Image taken April 9, 2004.


Early Martin Island and Burke Island ...
Burke Island was named after an early resident, James A. Burke. Martin Island was named for a William S. (or William H.) Martin, a pioneer who settled on the adjacent mainland. For more information please see Martin Bluff.

In 1792 Lieutenant Broughton of the Captain George Vancouver Expedition, called these two islands "Urry's Islands".

"... two small woody islands, on one which was a grove of tall and strait poplars. These were distinguished by the name of Urry's Islands. ..." [Vancouver, October 28, 1792]

Lewis and Clark passed through this area on November 5, 1805, before stopping near Prescott Beach for the night. On their return they came through the area on March 28 and 29, 1806.

"... 2 Small Islands, below, here we met 2 canoes from below,- below those Islands a range of high hills form the Stard. Bank of the river, the Shore bold and rockey, Covered with a thick groth of Pine ..." [Clark, November 5, 1805]

In 1841, Wilkes, of the U.S. Exploring Expedition called Burke Island "Paia Island", and Martin Island "Smoke Island".

The 1854 cadastral survey (tax survey) for T5N R1W shows a "Martin" farming the southermost tip of what is today's Martin Island.

The 1888 U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey Navigation Chart, "Columbia River, Sheet No.5, Kalama to Fales Landing", shows the islands as "Martin I." and Burke's I.". "Burke's Slough" separates Burke Island from the Washington shore, and "Martin Slough" separates the two islands. "Martin Bluff" is downstream of Martin Island.

In 1891 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names made official "Martin Island" and in 1915 they made official "Burke Island" and "Burke Slough". Other names in use were "Martin's Island" and "Burkes Island".


Martin Slough and Burke Slough in 1942 ...
From the NOAA "Coast Pilot" of 1942:

"Martin Slough, between Martin Island and Burke Island and the Washington shore, is used in log rafting operations. Burke Slough between Burke Island and the Washington shore is also used for that purpose."


Views ...

Image, 2015, Burke Slough, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke Slough. View from Dike Road, Woodland, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2015.
Image, 2007, Burke Island and Burke Slough, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke Island and Burke Slough reflections. View from Dike Road, Woodland, Washington. Image taken March 4, 2007.
Image, 2007, Burke Island and Burke Slough, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke Slough, looking upstream. View from Dike Road, Woodland, Washington. Burke Island is on the right. Image taken March 4, 2007.
Image, 2005, Burke Island and Burke Slough, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke Island and Burke Slough. View from Dike Road, Woodland, Washington. Image taken July 24, 2005.
Image, 2005, Burke Island, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Burke Island. View from Dike Road, Woodland, Washington. Burke Slough is in the foreground. Image taken July 24, 2005.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 5, 1805 ...
Rained all the after part of last night, rain continues this morning, I [s]lept but verry little last night [Post Office Lake, Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge] for the noise Kept dureing the whole of the night by the Swans, Geese, white & Grey Brant Ducks &c. on a Small Sand Island [one of the islands of the Ridgefield Refuge] close under the Lard. Side; they were emensely noumerous, and their noise horid- we Set out <at about Sun rise> early here the river is not more than 3/4 of a mile in width, passed a Small Prarie on the Stard. Side [quite possibly the location of today's Campbell Lake] passed 2 houses about 1/2 a mile from each other on the Lard. Side a Canoe came from the upper house, with 3 men in its mearly to view us, passed an Isld. Covered with tall trees & green briers [Bachelor Island] Seperated from the Stard. Shore by a narrow Chanel [Lake River or Bachelor Island Slough] at 9 [8?] miles I observed on the Chanel [Lake River or Bachelor Island Slough] which passes on the Stard Side of this Island [Bachelor Island] a Short distance above its lower point is Situated a large village [Cathlapotle Village, near where Lewis and Clark camped on March 29, 1806, a place now known as Wapato Portage], the front of which occupies nearly 1/4 of a mile fronting the Chanel, and closely Connected, I counted 14 houses in front here the river widens to about 1 1/2 miles. ...    about 1 1/2 miles below this village on the Lard Side behind a rockey Sharp point [Warrior Point, Sauvie Island], we passed a Chanel 1/4 of a mile wide [Multnomah Channel] which I take to be the one the Indian Canoe entered yesterday from the lower point of Immage Canoe Island [Hayden Island, at this point Lewis and Clark had not discovered Hayden Island and Sauvie Island were two separate islands]     a Some low clifts of rocks below this Chanel [St. Helens, Oregon], a large Island Close under the Stard Side opposit [Lewis River floodplain, home of Woodland, Washington, possibly more of an "island" in 1805 ???], and 2 Small Islands, below [today's Burke and Martin Islands], here we met 2 canoes from below,- below those Islands a range of high hills form the Stard. Bank of the river [Martin Bluff], the Shore bold and rockey, Covered with a thick groth of Pine     an extensive low Island [Deer Island], Seperated from the Lard side by a narrow Chanel, on this Island we Stoped to Dine I walked out found it open & covered with <Small> grass interspersed with Small ponds, in which was great numbr. of foul, the remains of an old village on the lower part of this Island, I saw Several deer ...     below the lower point of this Island [Deer Island] a range of high hills which runs S. E. forms the Lard. bank of the river the Shores bold and rockey & hills Covered with pine, [Lewis and Clark are passing Goble, Oregon, and the area around the Trojan Nuclear Power Facility     The high hills leave the river on the Stard. Side a high bottom between the hill & river [Kalama, Washington]. We met 4 Canoes of Indians from below, in which there is 26 Indians, one of those Canoes is large, and ornimented with Images on the bow & Stern. That in the Bow the likeness of a Bear, and in Stern the picture of a man- we landed on the Lard. Side & camped [near Prescott Beach, Oregon] a little below the mouth of a creek [Kalama River] on the Stard. Side a little below the mouth of which is an Old Village which is now abandaned-;     here the river is about one and a half miles wide. and deep, The high Hills which run in a N W. & S E. derection form both banks of the river the Shore boald and rockey, the hills rise gradually & are Covered with a thick groth of pine &c. The valley [Columbian Valley] which is from above the mouth of Quick Sand River [Sandy River] to this place may be computed at 60 miles wide on a Derect line, & extends a great Distanc to the right & left rich thickly Covered with tall timber, with a fiew Small Praries bordering on the river and on the Islands; Some fiew Standing Ponds & Several Small Streams of running water on either Side of the river; This is certainly a fertill and a handsom valley, at this time Crouded with Indians. The day proved Cloudy with rain the greater part of it, we are all wet cold and disagreeable- I saw but little appearance of frost in this valley which we call <Wap-pa-too Columbia> from the root or plants growing Spontaniously in this valley only ...     We made 32 miles to day by estimation-





Vancouver PlainsReturn to
Menu
 



SNAKE RIVER CONFLUENCE | COLUMBIA PLATEAU
COLUMBIA RIVER GORGE | VANCOUVER PLAINS | JOURNEY TO THE PACIFIC
CAMPSITES


HOME | REGIONS | PENNY POSTCARDS | MY CORPS OF DISCOVERY
IMAGE INDEX | LINKS | ABOUT THIS SITE


COLUMBIA RIVER IMAGES - HOME
NORTHWEST JOURNEY - HOME
NORTHWEST BIRDING
RIDGEFIELD NWR - BIRDS
COMPLETE BIRD LIST - PHOTOS
THE BARLOW ROAD
THE COLUMBIA RIVER HIGHWAY
WILDFLOWERS and WEED BLOSSOMS



*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society; NOAA Office of Coast Survey website, 2005, 2006; U.S. Bureau of Land Management website, 2006, General Land Office Records (GLO); U.S. Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) website, 2006.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
ColumbiaRiverImages.com/Regions/Places/burke_island_martin_island.html
© 2016, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
September 2008