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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Broughton Lumber Mill, Washington"
Includes ... Broughton Lumber Mill ... Broughton Flume ... Willard, Washington ... Hood, Washington ... Spring Creek Fish Hatchery ...
Image, 2006, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Broughton Lumber Mill, Washington. Image taken May 10, 2006.


Broughton Lumber Mill ...
The old Broughton Lumber Mill, located in Hood, Washington, was the lower, eastern end of the Broughton Flume. Although the mill closed at the end of 1986, the buildings remain on the north side of Washington State Highway 14, across from the Spring Creek Fish Hatchery.

Broughton Flume ...
The nine-mile-long, 1,000-foot drop flume was the last operating flume in the United States, floating rough-sawn boards from Willard, Washington, to the Broughton Lumber Mill at Hood. At the Broughton Mill the planks were processed into finished lumber and shipped east or west on the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway.
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Image, 2013, Broughton Flume information, Drano Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
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Closeup, information sign, Broughton Flume, Drano Lake, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.


Willard Mill ...
The mill at Willard, Washington, is the upper end of the Broughton Flume. In Willard the newly harvested logs were rough-sawn into boards called "cants" and then dropped into the flume to begin their nine-mile flume journey to the finishing mill at Underwood/Hood (Broughton Lumber Mill).
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Image, 2013, Broughton Flume section, Willard, Washington, click to enlarge
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Broughton Flume section, Willard, Washington. Image taken March 18, 2013.


Views of the Broughton Lumber Mill ...

Image, 2006, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken May 10, 2006.
Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken June 12, 2012.
Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Near tracks, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken June 12, 2012.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Hood crossing, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tracks, Hood crossing, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Concrete supports for (???), Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Wigwam burner, and sawdust feeder and line, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.

A wigwam burner, also known as teepee burner or beehive burner, is a free-standing conical steel structure used in logging mills to dispose of waste wood and sawdust.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Wigwam Burner and sawdust feeder lines, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2013, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sawdust feeder shed (???) and feeder lines, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken March 24, 2013.
Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Truck, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken June 12, 2012.
Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
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Office, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken June 12, 2012.
Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
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Office post, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. Image taken June 12, 2012.


End of the Flume ...

Image, 2013, Broughton Mill, end of Flume, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Concrete pad, end of the Broughton Flume at Broughton Mill, Hood, Washington. The dry lumber storage building is on the left. Overhead pipe is a sawdust feeder line. Image taken March 24, 2013.


Buildings from Highway 14 ...

Image, 2012, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Buildings, View from Washington Highway 14, Broughton Lumber Mill, Hood, Washington. View from moving car. Image taken June 12, 2012.


View from Ruthton Park, Oregon ...

Image, 2014, Broughton Mill, Washington, from Ruthton Park, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Broughton Mill, Washington, as seen from Ruthton Park, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken November 10, 2014.


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, October 29, 1805 ...
A cloudy morning wind from the West but not hard, we Set out at day light [from their camp on Rocky Island at Crates Point], and proceeded on about five miles Came too on the Stard. Side at a village of 7 houses built in the Same form and materials of those above, here we found the Chief we had Seen at the long narrows [The Dalles] ...     they are hospitable and good humered Speak the Same language of the inhabitants of the last village, we call this the friendly village [vicinity of Dougs Beach]. ...     after brackfast we proceeded on, the mountains are high on each Side [high basalt cliffs of the Rowena Gap, with Rowena Crest on the south and the Chamberlain Lake area on the north], containing Scattering pine white oake & under groth, hill Sides Steep and rockey; at 4 miles lower we observed a Small river falling in with great rapidity on the Stard. Side [Klickitat River] below which is a village of 11 houses [today the town of Lyle is on the upstream side of the Klickitat], here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. N. E. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows

we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken [passing Mayer State Park on the Oregon side]. passed three large rocks in The river the middle rock is large long and has Several Squar vaults on it. we call this rockey Island the Sepulchar [Memaloose Island] - The last river we passed we Shall Call the Cataract River [Klickitat River] from the number of falls which the Indians say is on it- passed 2 Lodges of Indians a Short distance below the Sepulchar Island [Memaloose Island] on the Stard. Side river wide, at 4 mile passed 2 houses on the Stard. Side, Six miles lower passed 4 houses above the mouth of a Small river 40 yards wide on the Lard. Side [Hood River]    a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [Hood River], the falls mountain [Mount Hood] is South and the top is covered with Snow.    one mile below pass the mouth of a large rapid Stream on the Stard. Side [White Salmon River], opposit to a large Sand bar [from Hood River], in this creek the Indians above take their fish, here we Saw Several canoes, which induced us to call this Canoe Creek [White Salmon River] it is 28 yards wide, about 4 miles lower and below the Sand bar [Hood River sandbar] is a butifull cascade falling over a rock of about 100 feet [Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, location of the Columbia Gorge Hotel],

[On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".]

a Short distance lower passed 4 Indian houses on the Lard. Side in a timbered bottom, a fiew miles further we came too at 3 houses on Stard. Side, back of which is a pond [today the location of Drano Lake. The Little White Salmon River empties into Drano Lake.] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Lewis and went into the houses of those people ...     Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard. Side has Some Snow on them at this time, more timber than above and of greater variety.





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    (see Broughton Flume)

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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November 2014