Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Black Lake, Washington"
Includes ... Black Lake ... "Johnson's Lake" ... "Wheaklon's Lake" ... The Golden Age of Postcards ...
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image from near Ilwaco, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.


Black Lake ...
Black Lake is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River on the road between Ilwaco and Long Beach. The name "Black Lake" refers to the dark-colored waters. Along the shore of Black Lake is a U.S. Coast Guard Memorial. The memorial was financed by the American Legion and dedicated in 1992. The enscripture reads "Dedicated to the United States Life Saving Service, the United States Coast Guard, and those who lost their lives in service." Nine names are listed. The U.S. Coast Guard Station Cape Disappointment is located 2 miles from Black Lake.

Early Black Lake ...
"Black Lake (located on Ilwaco's northern edge), was first known as Johnson's lake, and then as Wheaklon's Lake. B.A. Seaborg constructed a saw mill at the lake's north end in 1888, and used the soft spruce timeber that grew along the lake's edge to mill boxes that were then used to pack salmon."

Source:    "historylink.org" website, 2013, "The Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History"

Views of Black Lake ...

Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.
Image, 2005, Black Lake, Washington, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Black Lake, Washington. Image taken November 9, 2005.


"The Golden Age of Postcards" ...

The early 1900s was the "Golden Age of Postcards". The "Penny Postcard" became a popular way to send greetings to friends and family. Today the Penny Postcard has become an snapshot of history.



Penny Postcard, Black Lake, near Long Beach, Washington, ca.1908
Click image to enlarge
Penny Postcard: Black Lake, near Long Beach, Washington, ca.1908.
Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1908, "Black Lake near Long Beach, Wash.". Published by M. Rieder, Los Angeles, California. Card #3959. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, November 19, 1805 ...
after takeing a Sumptious brackfast of venison which was rosted on Stiks exposed to the fire, I proceeded on through ruged Country of high hills and Steep hollers [including today's North Head, Deadmans Hollow, and Beards Hollow] on a course from the Cape [Cape Disappointment] N 20° W. 5 miles on a Direct line to the Commencement of a Sandy Coast [Long Beach Peninsula] which extended N. 10° W. from the top of the hill above the Sand Shore to a Point of high land distant near 20 miles [Leadbetter Point]. this point I have taken the Liberty of Calling after my particular friend Lewis— at the commencement of this Sand beech the high lands leave the Sea coast in a Direction to Chinnook river [Chinook or Wallacut River] , and does not touch the Sea Coast again <untill> below point Lewis [Leadbetter Point] leaveing a low pondey countrey, maney places open with small ponds in which there is great numbr. of fowl     I am informed that the Chinnook Nation inhabit this low countrey and live in large wood houses on a river which passes through this bottom Parrilal to the Sea coast and falls into the Bay



I proceeded on the Sandy Coast 4 miles, and marked my name on a Small pine, the Day of the month & year, &c. [near the location of present day Long Beach] and returned to the foot of the hill, from which place I intended to Strike across to The Bay [Baker Bay], ...     after Dineing on the remains of our Small Deer I proceeded through over a land S E with Some Ponds [possibly one being Black Lake] to the bay [Baker Bay] distance about 2 miles, thence up to the mouth of Chinnook river [mistake, the Wallacut River, west of the Chinook River] 2 miles, crossed this little river in the Canoe we left at its mouth and Encamped [Wallacut River] on the upper Side in an open Sandy bottom— The hills [Ilwaco, Washington area] next to the bay [Baker Bay] Cape disapointment [Cape Disappointment] to a Short distance up the Chinnook river [Wallacut River] is not verry high thickly Coverd. with different Species of pine &c. maney of which are large, I observed in maney places pine of 3 or 4 feet through growing on the bodies of large trees which had fallen down, and covered with moss and yet part Sound. ...





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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources: Hitchman, R., 1985, Place Names of Washington, Washington State Historical Society; U.S. Coast Guard website, 2006, June 1996 Reservist.

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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September 2008