Lewis and Clark's Columbia River
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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"Avery and Avery Park, Washington"
Includes ... Avery ... Avery Park ...
Image, 2011, Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Avery Park, Washington, and Fairbanks Water Gap, Oregon. Image taken September 28, 2011.


Avery and Avery Park ...
Avery Park is located on the Washington side of the Columbia River at River Mile (RM) 199, downstream of Wishram and upstream of Browns Island and Horsethief Butte. The community of Avery is located inland nearby. Fairbanks Water Gap, a Missoula Floods Water Gap, is located across the river. Good views of Avery Park and Fairbanks Water Gap can be seen from a turnout on Washington State Highway 14.

Early Avery ...
Avery was named by the officials of the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway for A.G. Avery, their right-of-way attorney.

Edmund S. Meany wrote in "Origins of Washington Geographic Names" (1923, University of Washington Press):

"Avery ... a town in Klickitat County. It was named in honor of A.G. Avery, right-of-way attorney for the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway Company."

Robert Hitchman wrote in "Place Names of Washington" (1985, Washington State Historical Society):

"Avery (T2N, R14E, Sec.10) ... Community 3 miles west of Wishram and 1-1/2 miles north of Columbia River, south central Klickitat County. It was named by officials of Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway for A.G. Avery, their right-of-way attoney."


Avery, etc.

  • Avery Tribal "Shared-use" Fishing Access Site ...
  • North Bank Road ...


Avery Tribal "Shared-use" Fishing Access Site, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission ...
All four Columbia River treaty tribes enjoy fishing rights along the Columbia from the Bonneville to McNary dams. This 147-mile stretch of the river is called Zone 6. The Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) operates and maintains 31 fishing sites (2015, Note: the website map only shows 30 sites) in Zone 6. These sites were set aside by Congress to provide fishing locations to Indian fishers whose traditional fishing grounds were inundated behind dams.

"For fisheries management purposes, the 292-mile stretch of the Columbia River that creates the border between Washington and Oregon is divided into six zones. Zones 1-5 are between the mouth of the river and Bonneville Dam, a distance of 145 miles. Oregon and Washington manage the commercial fisheries that occur in these zones. Zone 6 is an exclusive treaty Indian commercial fishing area. This exclusion is for commercial fishing only. Non-commercial sports fishers may still fish in this stretch of the river." [Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission website, 2016]

The Zone 6 sites include 19 Treaty Fishing Access sites (Bonneville, Wyeth, White Salmon, Stanley Rock, Lyle, Dallesport, Celilo, Maryhill, Rufus, Preacher's Eddy, North Shore, LePage Park, Pasture Point, Roosevelt Park, Pine Creek, Threemile Canyon, Alderdale, Crow Butte, and Faler Road), five "In-lieu" sites (Cascade Locks, Wind River, Cooks, Underwood, and Lone Pine), two "Shared-use" sites (Avery and Sundale Park, for both Tribal use and Public use), and four "Unimproved" sites with no services (Goodnoe, Rock Creek, Moonay, and Aldercreek).



North Bank Road ...
The Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railroad, competitors in the transcontinental business, launched the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway in 1905 and built a line along the north side of the Columbia River. This line was known as "The North Bank Railroad", "The North Bank Road", "Columbia River Scenic Route", and "The Northwests Own Railway". The tracks were started in October 1905 and completed in February 1908, with a celebration being held on March 11th at Sheridan Point upstream of the Fort Rains Blockhouse location. On March 19th, regular passenger service between Vancouver and Pasco was begun. The journey took eight hours.

STATIONS ON THE NORTH BANK
Between Vancouver and Pasco There Will Be 43 Stops.

"LYLE, Wash., July 24, 1907. -- (Special.) -- Chief Surgeon Irvine, of the North Bank Road says there will be 43 stations about five miles apart on the line between Vancouver and Pasco. From west to east the stations will appear on the new map as Image, Fisher, Bourne, Seal, Cruzatt, Butler, Cascades, Stevenson, Ash, Collins, Cooks, Hood, Bingen, Villa, Lyle, Skadat, Grandalles, Spedis, Avery, Timms, Columbus, Cliffs, Towal, Harbin, Fountain, Sanda, Roosevelt, Moonax, McCredie, Carley, Luzon, Sage, Patterson, Coolide, Gravel, Plymouth, Colbia, Mottinger, Tomar, Yellepit, Hoover and Finley. He also reports the track is being blasted as fast as laid."


Source:    "Morning Oregonian", July 25, 1907, courtesy Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2019.

[More]



From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:
  • Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission website, 2016;
  • Historic Oregon Newspapers Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, 2019;
  • Hitchman, R., 1985, "Place Names of Washington", Washington State Historical Society Press;
  • Meany, E.S., 1923, "Origins of Washington Geographic Names", University of Washington Press, Seattle;


All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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© 2019, Lyn Topinka, "ColumbiaRiverImages.com", All rights reserved.
Images are NOT to be downloaded from this website.
January 2016