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Lewis & Clark's Columbia River - "200 Years Later"
"The Columbia River Highway ... Hood River to The Dalles"
Includes ... Historic Columbia River Highway ... Crown Point Highway ... National Recreation Trail ... Roadhouses ... Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail ... National Register of Historic Places ...
Image, 2016, Rowena Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
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Historic Columbia River Highway below Rowena Crest. View from Rowena Crest. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Historic Columbia River Highway ...

Follow the Highway ... (west to east)
  • Troutdale (Sandy River) to Crown Point...
  • Crown Point to the Dodson I-84 Interchange ...
  • Dodson to Cascade Locks ...
  • Cascade Locks to Hood River ...

  • Hood River to The Dalles ...
    • Hood River ...
    • Hood River Bridge ...
    • HCRH Junction with Oregon 35, Hood River ...
    • Hood River to Mosier ...
    • Hood River Loops ...
    • Milepost Marker 68 ...
    • Historic Columbia Highway State Trail (West Trailhead) ...
    • Historic Columbia Highway State Trail ...
    • Mosier Twin Tunnels ...
    • Historic Columbia Highway State Trail (East Trailhead) ...
    • Rock Creek Bridge ...
    • Mosier ...
    • Mosier Creek Bridge ...
    • Mosier to Rowena ...
    • Milepost Marker 75 ...
    • Orchards ...
    • Mayerdale Place ...
    • Plateau, Mayerdale to Rowena Crest ...
    • Memaloose Overlook ...
    • Along the Highway ...
    • Milepost Marker 78 ...
    • Rowena Dell ...
    • Hog Creek Canyon Bridge ...
    • Along the Highway ...
    • Dry Canyon Bridge ...
    • Tom McCall Nature Preserve ...
    • Rowena Crest ...
    • Rowena Loops ...
    • Pedestrian Overlook ...
    • Rowena Ferry Road ...
    • Rowena ...
    • Rowena to The Dalles ...
    • Abandoned Railroad Grade ...
    • Milepost Marker 86 ...
    • Milepost Marker 87 ...
    • Chenoweth Creek ...
    • The Dalles ...


 
Hood River to The Dalles


Overview ...
Travel today:
From east of Hood River to west of Mosier the old Columbia River Highway is a 5-mile-long walking and biking section and is now part of the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail. The West Trailhead begins east of Hood River and the East Trailhead begins west of Mosier. The trail passes through the Mosier Twin Tunnels. For the non-hiker/biker Interstate 84 parallels this section between Hood River and Mosier. A portion of the Twin Tunnels can be seen on the cliff above. At Mosier, exit Interstate 84 and drive into town and continue east. This last section of historic road goes straight through to The Dalles.


Hood River ...
[More Hood River]

  • HMP 64.3 - 66.8 ... Hood River:

    • "The original highway in the city of Hood River is on portions of Cascade Drive, Oak Street, Front Street, and State Street." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This segment of the CRH Historic District begins at the intersection of 13th and Oak streets in Hood RIver, the western boundary of one of the city's older residential neighborhoods. The highway follows Oak Street east through a tree-lined residential development and a predominantly early-20th-century business district, before turning south for two blocks on 2nd Street, and then east on State Street to the city limits at the Hood River. The CRH crosses the Hood River and intersects with Oregon 35 at HMP 67." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

  • HMP 64.3 - 65.7 ... Cascade Avenue:

    • "The western end of this subsection is not distinguished. It is difficult to tie the Columbia Gorge Hotel to the HCRH south of the freeway. The highway has gravel shoulders near the freeway and curbs and gutters near Oak Street, and is lined with commercial properties. The lack of traffic controls gives this section a more rural fell than Oak Street. The recent addition of antique-style street lights encourages the historic feel of this area. Caps on street signs have recently been added to this section." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

  • HMP 65.7 - 66.8 ... Oak Street, Second Street, and State Street:

    • "The bustling commercial area retains its historic, small city charm. The City of Hood River has designated a downtown historic district that includes a portion of the HCRH. ... the downtown historic district has not been placed on the National Register of Historic Places." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Welcome to Hood River, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Cascade and Oak, Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Route of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Image taken April 9, 2015.


"The original highway in the city of Hood River is on portions of Cascade Drive, Oak Street, Front Street, and State Street." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]
Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Residential street scene, heading east along the Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Downtown street scene, heading east along the Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 9, 2015.
Image, 2013, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Historic Mount Hood Hotel Annex (now the Hood River Hotel), Hood River, Oregon. Taken from front window of moving car. Image taken March 18, 2013.


Built in 1911-1912, the Mount Hood Hotel Annex fronted on the Historic Columbia River Highway. It is located on the corner of 1st and Oak.


Hood River Bridge ...
[More Hood River]

  • HMP 66.8 ... Hood River Bridge (1918):

    • The Hood River Bridge was completed in 1918 and was a major step toward completion of the roadway eastward. This bridge consisted of three arch spans, 95 feet long each, and was the largest bridge constructed on the Columbia River Highway. When opened, it was also the largest bridge constructed by the Oregon State Highway Division." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

      "Three-span reinforced concrete deck arch 404 feet in length, consisting of three parabolic shaped 95-foot rib arches and four reinforced concrete slab approach spans on the west end. This was the longest and most costly bridge built on the Columbia River Highway. ...   The bridge was determined inadequate for present and future highway needs. In the late 1970s replacement plans were prepared. Demolition of the bridge occurred in August 1982, when the new replacement structure was opened for traffic." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

  • HMP 66.8 ... Hood River Bridge (1982):

    • "The Hood River Bridge, the longest bridge built on the Columbia River Highway, was destroyed in 1982. A new bridge, designed to handle current and future traffic under present design standards, replaced the old bridge." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Oregon Highway 30 bridge across Hood River, Hood River, Oregon. Replacement bridge on the route of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Image taken April 9, 2015.


HCRH Junction with Oregon 35, Hood River ...
[More Hood River]

  • HMP 67 ... HCRH junction with Oregon 35, return to Interstate 84:

Image, 2016, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Northwest corner, junction of Oregon Highway 35 and the Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Looking west at the northwest corner of the intersection, with the HCRH visible behind the sign. Turn left (not posted on sign) for the Hood River Loops, the continuation of the HCRH. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Northeast corner, junction of Oregon Highway 35 and the Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Junction of Oregon Highway 35 and the Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.


Hood River to Mosier ...
[More Hood River]
[More Mosier]
[More HCRH State Trail]

  • (HMP 67 - 73) ... Hood River to Mosier:

    • "Much of the Columbia River Highway between Hood River and Mosier is best known for the Hood River Loops and the Mosier Twin Tunnels. The state highway department abandoned this section in the early 1950s when the water-level route opened. The Hood River Loops carry the road up and out of the river valley to skirt along the cliffs of the Columbia River Gorge on grades of 5 percent or less and on curves with turning radii of 100 feet or more. The portion to the Hood River County - Wasco County line became a county road, serving residences and several gravel pits. With closure of this portion of the old road in the mid-1950s, the right-of-way in Wasco County to HMP 73.1, including the Mosier Twin Tunnels (HMP 72) reverted to surrounding private landowners." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "By 1999, the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) is well along in its project to restore the long-abandoned Hood River to Mosier section of the CRH as part of the HCRH State Trail. This includes removing the additional pavement width from the road to restablish the original pavement and shoulder widths. The deparment is restoring and, where needed, rebuilding sections of masonry guard wall. It has replaced the "W" rail and "C" rail steel guardrails with the timber 1920s Standard Guard Fence. Finally, ODOT has restored several bridges and reopened two tunnels. This section of the HCRH State Trail possesses a high degree of integrity and is included in the NHL historic district." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]


Hood River Loops ...
[More Hood River]

  • HMP 67.1 to 67.6 ... Hood River Loops (1920):

    • "These loops are similar to the Figure-Eight Loops and consist of a series of curves winding over 300 feet from the Hood River to the top of a bluff at an elevation of 400 feet." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "The Hood River Loops are located east of Hood River and consist of a series of curves winding from riverside to the top of the bluff. These loops, along with the Figure Eight Loops in Multnomah County and the Rowena Loops in Wasco County, were required to traverse steep areas at manageable road grades. ... The roadway was graded and macadamized in 1919-20." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hood River Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. View going uphill. Image taken April 9, 2015.
Image, 2015, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hood River Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. View north. Image taken April 9, 2015.


Milepost Marker 68 ...
The Historic Columbia River Highway Milepost Marker 68 is just after the Hood River Loops and before reaching the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail's Mark O. Hatfield West Trailhead.

[More Hood River]

  • HMP 68 ... Milepost Marker:

Image, 2016, Milepost Marker 68, Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Milepost Marker 68, Historic Columbia River Highway, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.


Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail (West Trailhead) ...
[More HCRH State Trail]

  • HMP 68.1 ... West Trailhead, Mark O. Hatfield West Trailhead, HCRH State Trail (1999):

    • "This trailhead provides parking for visitors accessing the Hood River to Mosier section of the HCRH State Trail, which is part of the CRH. The trailhead is not an original feature of the highway." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2015, HCRH State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Senator Mark O. Hatfield West Trailhead, HCRH State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 9, 2015.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Rock feature, at the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Seats, at the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Sculptures, at the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Wildflowers, at the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 6, 2016.
Image, 2015, HCRH State Trail, Hood River, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Arrowleaf Balsamroot", Senator Mark O. Hatfield West Trailhead, HCRH State Trail, Hood River, Oregon. Image taken April 9, 2015.


Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail ...
[More HCRH State Trail]

  • HMP 69.9 ... Rock Slide Viaduct (1920):

    • "This reinforced concrete viaduct is 34 feet in length and is supported by concrete columns in rock." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This 35-foot reinforced-concrete viaduct has only one guard wall, of masonry construction, located on the north side of the span." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "The 34' Rock Slide Viaduct, completed in 1920, lies a short distance west of the Mosier Twin Tunnels. The viaduct was probably necessary, rather than a dry masonry retaining wall, because of the unstable nature of the basalt slope. The viaduct's uninterrupted roadway surface and the continuous arched rubble parapet railing made it difficult for travelers to identify the structure from the road. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Oregon State Highway Department completed a water-level route for U.S. 30 along the Columbia River. In 1953, it finished the section between Hood River and Mosier and closed the Mosier Twin Tunnels. The portion of the HCRH from Hood River to the tunnels' west approach, including Rock Slide Viaduct, became part of Hood River County's extensive road system." [HAER No. OR-36-C report, 1996]

  • HMP 70 ... County Line Overlook (1920, 1995):

    • "This expanse of slip-form grout-lock masonry wall. Originally provided an opportunity for travelers to view the unusual geologic formations found in this section of the Columbia Gorge. The Overlook takes its name from the location at the Hood River County-Wasco County border. This wall was abandoned for over forty years until it was rebuilt as part of the Hood River to Mosier project in 1995." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]


Mosier Twin Tunnels ...
The "Twin Tunnels" of Mosier were a part of the Historic Columbia River Highway. Built in the early 1920s, the tunnels were closed and sealed after the construction of Interstate 84. In 2000, with the help of Senator Mark Hatfield, the tunnels were once again opened as part of the 4.6 mile Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, open to foot and bicycle traffic only.

[More Mosier Twin Tunnels]
[More HCRH State Trail]

  • HMP 71.5 ... West Tunnel Catchment Structure, Mosier Twin Tunnels (2000):

    • "This reinforced cellular concrete structure provides rockfall protection below basalt cliffs west of the west portal of the west Mosier tunnel." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

  • HMP 72.0 ... Mosier Twin Tunnels (1920, 1921, 1938, 1953, 1996):

    • "These tunnels were bored out of a basalt outcropping. They consist of an 81-foot west bore, 24 feet of open space, and a 288-foot east bore. Total length was 493 feet with 369 feet of that in bores. The orignal vertical clearance was 16 feet, with an 8'-8" radius measured from a springline of 7'-4" from the roadbed. Roadway width was 17'-4". Two windows measured 8 to 10 feet and were bored in the east tunnel. A cliff walk was constructed between the western most of the two windows to the open mid-tunnel area.

      The tunnels were completed in 1920. Because of severe rockfall, however, the tunnel portals were faced in basalt masonry veneer in 1921. At the same time, the tunnels were partially lined with Port Orfocrd cedar lagging and timber sets. In 1938, the tunnel portals were widened to accomodate larger automobiles and transport trucks, and the tunnels were relined with cedar lagging and sets.

      Concerns over rockfall persisted since the tunnels' construction. In 1954, they were filled with rubble debris and bypassed in favor of a new water-level highway constructed adjacent to the Columbia River on dredged fill material. The tunnels were reopened in 1996 as part of restoration work on the HCRH State Trail section between Hood River and Mosier." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "The twin tunnels' combined length is 350 feet. The tunnels were constructed by A.D. Kern of Portland. The contract was let on January 7, 1919, and the work completed on April 4, 1921. The tunnels were lined with timber for support. ... In addition, all four portals were protected by a finish of stone masonry. There was an observation galler y between the tunnels. The tunnels are closed and were filled in the early 1960s." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

  • HMP 72.0 ... Mid-Tunnel Catchment Structure, Mosier Twin Tunnels (1996):

    • "This reinforced cellular concrete structure providees rockfall protection n the open area between the Mosier Twin Tunnels for visitors to the Hood River to Mosier section of the HCRH State Trail, which is part of the CRH." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Penny Postcard, Mosier Twin Tunnels, ca.1941
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Penny Postcard: Mosier Twin Tunnels, Mosier, Oregon, ca.1941. Penny Postcard, Postmarked 1941, "Twin Tunnels on Columbia River Highway Between Hood River & Mosier, Ore.". Published by The Portland Post Card Co., Portland, Oregon. Published by Pacific Novelty Co., San Francisco. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka.
Image, 2005, East Portal, Mosier Tunnels, click to enlarge
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East Portal, Mosier Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, East Portal, Mosier Tunnels, click to enlarge
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East Portal, Mosier Twin Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Catchment Structure, Mosier Tunnels, click to enlarge
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Catchment Structure, Mosier Twin Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail (East Trailhead) ...
[More HCRH State Trail]

  • HMP ... East Trailhead, Mark O. Hatfield West Trailhead, HCRH State Trail (1999):

Image, 2005, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, click to enlarge
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Mark O. Hatfield Trailhead, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, click to enlarge
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Walking towards the Mosier Twin Tunnels along the Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail. View along east part of the trail, between Mosier and the Twin Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, click to enlarge
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Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail. Overlook near the Mosier Twin Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail, click to enlarge
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Historic Columbia River Highway State Trail. Overlook near the Mosier Twin Tunnels. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Mosier, Oregon, as seen from downstream, click to enlarge
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Mosier, Oregon, as seen from downstream. View from the Mark O. Hatfield State Trail. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Rock Creek Bridge ...
West of the town of Mosier.

[More Mosier]

  • HMP 73.2 ... Rock Creek Bridge (1918, 1996):

    • "This 44-foot reinforced-concrete structure consists of two 22-foot slab spans. Railings were similar to those on the Tanner Creek Bridge. Decades ago, they were removed and replaced with wooden rails. In 1996, ODOT reconstructed the original concrete railings." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "This reinforced concrete slab span bridge is 45 feet in length, with two 22-foot spans." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2017, Rock Creek, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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HCRH, Rock Creek Bridge, looking east, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken October 4, 2017.
Image, 2017, Rock Creek, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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HCRH, Rock Creek Bridge, upstream side, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken October 4, 2017.


Mosier ...
[More Mosier]

  • HMP 73.1 - 73.5 ... Mosier:

    • "The small City of Mosier contains a concentration of homes and businesses, including many potentially historic structures. The Mosier School anchors the highway route. Gravel shoulders rather than curbs give the area a rural rather than urban character." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

    • "The old highway through Mosier is called First Avenue." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2010, Sign, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Welcome to Mosier", Mosier, Oregon. Image taken March 6, 2010.
Image, 2007, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mosier "Route 30" Cafe. Image taken May 13, 2007.
Image, 2010, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Lewis's Woodpecker, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken April 25, 2010.


Mosier Creek Bridge ...
East of the town of Mosier.

[More Mosier]

  • HMP 73.7 ... Mosier Creek Bridge (1920):

    • "Two of the original bridges [in this section of the HCRH], Mosier Creek and Dry Canyon, are deck arches, and were designed by C.B. McCullough, Oregon's noted bridge engineer, famous for his innovative arch designs in reinforced concrete." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This reinforced concrete deck arch structure is 182 feet long, consisting of a 110-foot rib arch and concrete slab approaches." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This 182-foot reinforced-concrete structure includes a 110-foot open-spandrel ribbed deck arch, and is the first of a group of bridges that McCullough (C.B. McCullough, Oregon State Highway Department) created for the highway. Here, he incorporated many classical design elements in railing panels, spandrel columns, and brackets that became part of his signature style." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2016, Mosier Creek, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mosier and Mosier Creek Bridge, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mosier Creek Bridge, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mosier Creek Bridge, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Mosier to Rowena ...
[More Mosier]
[More Rowena]

  • (HMP 73 - 82) ... Mosier to Rowena:

    • "From Mosier, the Columbia River Highway is a 24-foot paved two-lane road with minimal unpaved shoulders and begins just west of Mosier. It passes through the town, which overlooks the Columbia River, before heading through two miles of orchards. By HMP 75.6, the road again climbs to a windswept plateau where Memaloose Overlook (HMP 76.3), an original CRH feature, provides unobstructted views up and down the Columbia River and toward Memaloose Island, a former traditional American Indian burial place. At HMP 79.9, the highway begins a winding descent from the Rowena Crest Overlook, a large masonry-walled pedestrian viewing area, to the community of Rowena, at river's edge. Again, the highway's designers used loops to create a grade not exceeding 5 percent or ideally undercutting a 200-foot turning radiius. This is the third set of loops along the HCRH, which also include the Figure-Eight Loops near Crown Point and the Hood River Loops near Hood River." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]


Milepost Marker 75 ...
East of the community of Mosier, in among the orchards.

[More Mosier]

  • HMP 75 ... Milepost Marker:

Image, 2016, Milepost Marker 75, Historic Columbia River Highway, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Milepost Marker 75, Historica Columbia River Highway, near Mosier, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Orchards ...
Fruit orchards, gorgeous with spring blossoms, line the old highway east of Mosier.

[More Mosier]

  • HMP 73.5 - 75.5 ... Orchards:

    • "Regular rows of fruit trees extend on either side of the highway, giving the subsection a rural, agricultural look. This subsection is climaxed by a glimpse of the large Mayerdale house, the site of one of the dedication ceremonies for the HCRH. A new deer fence detracts from the view of the orchards." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

Image, 2016, Orchards near Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Orchards near Mosier, Historica Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2005, Orchards, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Orchards along the Historic Columbia River Highway, east of Mosier, Oregon. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Mayerdale Place ...
The Mayerdale Place, built in 1910, is located on the north side of the Historic Columbia River Highway between Mosier and Rowena Crest.

[More Mayerdale Place]

  • HMP 75.5 ... Meyerdale Place (1913):

Image, 2010, Mayerdale Place, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mayerdale Place, view from the east, Mosier, Oregon. Note apple orchard in the background. Image taken March 6, 2010.
Image, 2010, Mayerdale Place, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Mayerdale Place, view from the southwest, Mosier, Oregon. Image taken March 6, 2010.


Plateau, Mayerdale to Rowena Crest ...
  • HMP 75.5 - 79.9 ... Plateau, Mayerdale to Rowena Crest:

    • "After passing Mayerdale the highway quickly rises to the windswept plateau. This area is quite open, with scattered houses. The small Memaloose Overlok provides a view of the river and Mamaloose Island, an ancient American Indian burial area. An interpretive sign has been added here. ... Views up and down the Gorge are available for those who stop and look at either Memaloose or Rowena Crest overlooks. Two interpretive signs have been added at Rowena Crest. The Tom McCall Preserve allows travelers to enjoy the profusion of wildflowers in the spring. The Rowena Loops wind tortuously through the rock down to Rowena." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]


Memaloose Overlook ...
[More Memaloose Island]

  • HMP 76.3 ... Memaloose Overlook (1920):

    • "This scenic overlook is north of the CRH and contains a basalt rubble masonry wall and graveled paths. It gives visitors a view of Memaloose Island, one of several islands in this stretch of the Columbia where local Indians buried their dead. The plaque there replaces one with an unknown origin." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "This scenic overlook is on the north side of the highway and contains a masonry wall and gravel overlook area. The overlook commands a view of Memaloose Island in the Columbia River, a Native American burial ground. This sacred burial area was partially inundated when the Bonneville Dam was completed in the late 1930s, impounding water upstream." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2008, Memaloose State Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Memaloose State Park Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken August 23, 2008.
Image, 2008, Memaloose Island, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Memaloose Island from Memaloose State Park Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken August 23, 2008.


Along the Highway ...

Image, 2009, Octagonal House, Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
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"Octagonal House" east of Mosier, Oregon. Historic Columbia River Highway, Mosier to Rowena. Image taken June 27, 2009.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Scenic, Marsh Cuttoff Road, near Historic Columbia River Highway Milepost Marker 77, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Milepost Marker 78 ...
West of Hog Creek Canyon Bridge and Dry Canyon Bridge, Rowena, Oregon.

  • HMP 78 ... Milepost Marker 78:

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Milepost Marker 78, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Culvert, Milepost Marker 78, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Old farm, Milepost Marker 78, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Looking west, Milepost Marker 78, Historic Columbia River Highway, near Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Rowena Dell ...
Rowena Dell lies along the Historic Columbia River Highway just east of Rowena Crest. The "dell" is a canyon crossed by two Historic Highway bridges, Hog Creek Canyon Bridge and Dry Canyon Bridge. Good views can be had from the Tom McCall Nature Preserve.

[More Rowena Dell]

Image, 2005, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Rowena Dell, Oregon, looking downstream. View from bridge on the Historic Columbia River Highway. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Hog Creek Canyon Bridge ...
[More Rowena Dell]

  • HMP 79.0 ... Hog Creek Canyon (Rowena Dell) Bridge (1920):

    • "This small bridge is a 20-foot long reinforced concrete multi-beam span." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This structure is a 20-foot reinforced concrete deck girder span. Original concrete railings were upgraded in the 1950s." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hog Creek Canyon Bridge, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hog Creek Canyon Bridge, looking west, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Hog Creek Canyon Bridge, looking west, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Along the Highway ...

Image, 2005, Near Rowena Crest, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
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Near Rowena Crest, Historic Columbia River Highway. View shot through front window, moving car. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, Near Rowena Crest, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
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Near Rowena Crest, Historic Columbia River Highway. View shot through front window, moving car. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Dry Canyon Bridge ...
[More Rowena Dell]

  • HMP 79.7 ... Dry Canyon Bridge (1921):

    • "Two of the original bridges [in this section of the HCRH], Mosier Creek and Dry Canyon, are deck arches, and were designed by C.B. McCullough, Oregon's noted bridge engineer, famous for his innovative arch designs in reinforced concrete." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "The reinforced concrete deck arch structure is 101 feet long, with a 75-foot rib arch and 13-foot concrete slab spans at each end." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This 101-foot reinforced-concrete structure includes a 75-foot open-spandrel ribbed deck arch. Artistic details throughout are signature features of C.B. McCullough-designed bridges." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Dry Canyon Bridge, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. View looking east. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Dry Canyon Bridge, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2005, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Dell, Oregon, click to enlarge
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Dry Canyon Bridge, Historic Columbia River Highway, and Rowena Dell, Oregon. View from bridge on the Historic Columbia River Highway looking downstream towards the Columbia River. Mount Adams, Washington, is on the skyline right. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Tom McCall Nature Preserve ...
Tom McCall Nature Preserve is located on the top of the Rowena Plateau, just west of Rowena Crest.

[More Tom McCall Nature Preserve]

  • (HMP 79.8) ... Governor Tom McCall Preserve At Rowena Plateau:

    • Dedicated to Tom Lawson McCall, 30th Governor of Oregon (1967-1975), Statesman and Inspiring Conservationist. The Nature Conservancy, April 1982.

Image, 2009, Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon. Image taken May 9, 2009.
Image, 2005, Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2009, Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon. Image taken May 9, 2009.
Image, 2009, Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Grass Widows, Tom McCall Nature Preserve, Oregon. Image taken March 21, 2009.


Rowena Crest ...
Rowena Crest is on the Oregon side of the Columbia River and is part of the Rowena Gap basalt flows. The Historic Columbia River Highway passes over Rowena Crest, and contains an impressive loop in the eastern side.

[More Rowena Crest]

  • HMP 79.8 ... Rowena Crest Overlook, Mayer State Park (1924):

    • "Mayer State Park was created in 1924 when Mark A. Mayer gave 260 acres to the state for park purposes. The park contains 615.29 acres, land both on top of the crest and near the river. The overlook is at an elevation of 747 feet and provides a view of the Columbia River Gorge eastward." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This overlook, within a five-acre tract, provides a veiw of the Columbia River and surrounding plateau from an elevation of 747 feet. It is bordered by a masonry guard wall characteristic of those found on the CRH. Rowena Crest Overlook is part of Mayer State Park, created when successful East Coast industrialist and local orchardist Mark A. Mayer donated 260 acres to the state for park purposes." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2004, Rowena Crest, Oregon, from Mayer State Park, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena Crest, Oregon, from Mayer State Park, Oregon. Image taken November 11, 2004.
Image, 2005, Sign, Rowena Crest, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena Crest, on the Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2005, at Rowena Crest, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
"One day at Rowena Crest", Porsches, Rowena Crest, Oregon. Image taken September 18, 2005.


Rowena Loops ...
[More Rowena Loops]

  • HMP 79.9 - 82.1 ... Rowena Loops, Rowena Crest to Rowena Ferry Road (1921):

    • "The Rowena Loops were designed to keep the grade of descent from the high bluffs on Rowena Crest down to the river level at a manageable five percent. The highway winds and circles down through a figure eight and a series of curves to Rowena Canyon and Rowena." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This set of loops is similar to the Figure-Eight Loops and the Hood River Loops. They carry the CRH from Rowena Crest, at an elevation of 747 feet, to less than 200 feet, near the river's edge. The designer (J.H. Scott, Oregon State Highway Dept.) followed the formula that Samuel Lancaster created at the onset of the highway's construction. He developed distance to carry the highway between these two points with 5 percent maximum grades and 200-foot minimum turning radii." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

    • "The Rowena Loops require the full attention of the driver, as the narrow highway winds down the steep slope. The trade-mark rock walls again appear. Trees are scattered within grassy areas. An observatory is located below the Crest, with no parking available, so it is mainly accessible to westbound bicyclists." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

Image, 2016, Rowena Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Historic Columbia River Highway below Rowena Crest. View from Rowena Crest. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2005, Rowena Loops, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. View from Rowena Crest. Image taken September 18, 2005.
Image, 2016, Rowena Pedestrian Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena Loops, Historic Columbia River Highway. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Pedestrian Observatory ...
[More Rowena]

  • HMP 80.0 ... Pedestrian Observatory east of Rowena Crest Overlook (1921):

    • "This basalt masonry pedestrian alcove with concrete caps just east of and below Rowena Crest Overlook gave drivers the opportunity to view the Columbia River and fertile bottomland near the community of Rowena." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2016, Rowena Pedestrian Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pedestrian Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway at Rowena. View from Rowena Crest. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Rowena Pedestrian Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Pedestrian Overlook, Historic Columbia River Highway at Rowena. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Rowena Ferry Road ...
As the Columbia River Highway descended from Rowena Crest and reached the river level the Highway turned southeast and continued into The Dalles. The Rowena Ferry Road turned northwest and headed to the Columbia River. A part of that road remains today.

[More Rowena]

  • HMP ... Rowena Ferry Road:

    • "The Rowena-Lyle ferry between Mosier and The Dalles. It is at the end of a rough and narrow road, two miles from the highway and is a seven-car boat. The charge is $1.05 for four passengers and car, 25 cents for each additional passenger." ["The Oregon Daily Journal", September 18, 1921, courtesy "Newspapers.com" website, 2016]

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena Ferry Road, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Historic Columbia River Highway at Rowena Ferry Road, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Rowena-Mosier, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena to Mosier sign, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. The Historic Columbia River Highway is also known as the Historic Oregon Route 30. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Rowena ...
[More Rowena]

  • HMP 82.1 - 83.6 ... Rowena:

    • "This area is the transition from the dry, windswept, open plateau to The Dalles Urban Area. While residences are visible immediately adjacent to the Highway in some areas, in other areas they are hidden behind natural rock bluffs. ... Intestate 84 closely parallels the highway to the north through most of this section." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Street scene, Rowena, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. View looking east. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Rowena Baptist Church, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Rowena to The Dalles ...
[More Rowena]
[More The Dalles]

  • (HMP 82 - 88) ... Rowena to The Dalles:

    • "From Rowena to The Dalles, the Columbia River Highway leaves its rural country road character and enters the The Dalles urban area. It continues as a 24-foot two-lane facility with minimal shoulders. ...   The Chenoweth Creek Bridge (1920) is a 60-foot reinforced-concrete deck girder structure consisting of three 20-foot spans. Its original concrete guardrails were removed years ago, but are being restored by ODOT. Chenoweth Creek, at The Dalles city limits, marks the CRH Historic District's eastern terminus." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

  • HMP 83.6 - 88.4 ... Rowena to Chenoweth Creek:

    • "This section is influenced by the nearby The Dalles urban area, but still maintains its rural, open character. The barren looking scablands distinguish the area between the HCRH and Interstate 84 and are reminders of the Bretz Floods. Interstate 84 closely parallels the highway to the north through this setction. This section includes Crates Point, location of the Gorge Discovery Center and Wasco County Historical Museum. The Chenoweth Interchange on Interstate 84 provides access to and from the HCRH." [HCRH Master Plan, 2005]


Abandoned Railroad Grade ...
  • HMP 82.5 - 88 ... Abandoned Railroad Grade (1919):

    • "From Rowena to Chenoweth Creek, the highway is located on the abandoned railroad grade of the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. The roadbed was built in 1882 and was abandoned by the railroad in 1898-1901. The use of the railroad grade provided a very suitable roadbed, with superior grade and alignment." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Historic Columbia River Highway following old railroad grade, Oregon. View looking east. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2016, Historic Columbia River Highway, Rowena, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Historic Columbia River Highway following old railroad grade, Oregon. View looking east. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Milepost Marker 86 ...
  • HMP 86 ... Milepost Marker 86:

Image, 2016, Milepost Marker 86, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Milepost Marker 86, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. View looking east. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Milepost Marker 87 ...
  • HMP 87 ... Milepost Marker 87:

Image, 2016, Milepost Marker 87, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Milepost Marker 87, Historic Columbia River Highway, Oregon. View looking south. Image taken March 30, 2016.


Chenoweth Creek ...
[More Chenoweth Creek]

  • HMP 88.0 ... Chenoweth Creek Bridge (1920):

    • "This reinforced concrete bridge is 60 feet long and consist of three 20-foot multi-beam spans. ... The bridge is near The Dalles city limits and is the eastern terminus of the historic district." [National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form, 1983]

    • "This bridge is a 60-foot reinforced-concrete deck girder span consisting of three 20-foot multi-beam spans. Its original reinforced-concrete parapet rails have been replaced with steel "W" rail. Chenoweth Creek Bridge marks the eastern end of the CRH Historic District." [National Historic Landmark Nomination Form, 1996]

Image, 2016, Chenoweth Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Chenoweth Creek, view looking east, Historic Columbia River Highway at The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.
Image, 2013, Chenoweth Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, Chenoweth Creek, The Dalles, Oregon. View looking west. Image taken May 8, 2013.
Image, 2016, Chenoweth Creek, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
Sign, "Leaving Scenic Byway", at Chenoweth Creek, view looking east, Historic Columbia River Highway at The Dalles, Oregon. Image taken March 30, 2016.


The Dalles ...
[More The Dalles]

  • HMP 88.4 ... The Dalles:

Image, 2011, The Dalles, Oregon, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Dalles, Oregon, as seen from the east. View from the Oregon side of the Columbia River, just east of The Dalles. Image taken June 4, 2011.
Image, 2004, The Dalles, Oregon, with Mount Hood, click to enlarge
Click image to enlarge
The Dalles, Oregon, with Mount Hood. The Dalles and Mount Hood as seen from Dallesport, Washington. Image taken April 24, 2004.


Follow the Highway:


From the Journals of Lewis and Clark ...

Clark, ...
 




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*River Miles [RM] are approximate, in statute miles, and were determined from USGS topo maps, obtained from NOAA nautical charts, or obtained from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website, 2003

Sources:    SEE: Columbia River Highway Route;    AND: Historic Columbia River Highway;   

All Lewis and Clark quotations from Gary Moulton editions of the Lewis and Clark Journals, University of Nebraska Press, all attempts have been made to type the quotations exactly as in the Moulton editions, however typing errors introduced by this web author cannot be ruled out; location interpretation from variety of sources, including this website author.
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February 2016